Tag: Cannabis 101

Maximizing CBD’s Effects and Benefits: 5 Experts Weigh In

This article is sponsored by Firefly, a San Francisco-based technology company that specializes in the research, design, and manufacturing of vaporizer hardware.

Is CBD the magic cannabis molecule, or a misleading fad? There’s certainly a major trend toward CBD-only products on the cannabis market, and a push in some states leery of medical marijuana to legalize only one or two cannabinoids. Yet many are fighting back against this approach.  That’s because there’s an interactive synergy between cannabis compounds, known as the entourage effect, and many benefits attributed broadly to cannabis can only be unlocked through “whole plant medicine” – that is, with THC, CBD, terpenes, and other cannabinoids working together in sync.


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Whole plant medicine has been widely debated as many states consider limited legalization of cannabinoids like CBD, and the idea that the entourage effect is integral to using cannabis as medicine is increasingly accepted. In fact, some products are being designed specifically to maximize the value of whole plant medicine for the consumer. Take Firefly’s vaporizer technology, which sets out to capture all the myriad benefits of the entourage effect through dynamic convection technology. “[Firefly 2 was] truly designed around the plant…in order to deliver all the cannabinoids and terpenes in the most efficient way,” says Rachel Dugas of Firefly. Yet given the complexities of these chemical interactions, it’s still hard to pin down how exactly this maximizes the benefits of cannabis.

What the Experts Say About CBD’s Effects and Benefits

Neuron cell network

To shed some light on the subject, we assembled a panel of five experts in different areas of the cannabis space to weigh in:

Here’s what they had to say.

What effects does CBD have on its own?

Mary Lynn Mathre: “Many – anxiolytic, anti-inflammatory, anti-seizure, neuroprotective, bone stimulant, anti-spasmodic, and more.”

Jessica Peters: “Anti-inflammatory, anti-spasmodic, anti-proliferative, analgesic, anxiolytic (anti-anxiety), neuroprotective, anti-psychotic, anti-emetic (anti-nausea) … I can technically answer what are the properties of CBD, but these properties might not pop out if THC is not present. A potential new research category that I’ve seen evidence of anecdotally are addiction-fighting properties … CBD seems to reroute those neural pathways.”

Constance Finley: “Studies have shown CBD to have a positive effect on inflammation, pain, anxiety, psychosis and spasms, but it should be noted that most of these applications are not treated with just CBD alone and in fact do require some level of THC, whose role as a phytotherapeutic compound has already been established vis-à-vis many of the same conditions. CBD acts on different receptors than THC in the body.”

Perry Solomon: “It’s been found that CBD alone can cause a feeling of calm, relaxation. CBD’s other medicinal effects stem from completely separate pathways, such as the cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB2), mu and delta opioid receptors. Taken on its own, CBD has sedative, antioxidant, anti-anxiety, and antidepressant effects on the brain, but does not create any overtly psychoactive high like THC. It’s also been shown to have change gene expression and remove beta amyloid plaque, the hallmark of Alzheimer’s, from brain cells.”


Product Review: The Firefly 2 Portable Vaporizer

How are these effects augmented or altered by other compounds?

Peters: “Pretty significantly. CBD being cannabis-based is what’s most crucial for these properties to exist. The range of the volume of THC in relation to CBD will feature different properties. An equal amount of THC to CBD [for example] is often the best pain reliever. Many terpenes have relationships [and] the fact that those relationships exist is becoming clearer and clearer.”

Eloise Theisen: “CBD and THC seem to work better together. They lessen each other’s side effects.”

Solomon: “THC seems to potentiate all the effects of CBD and conversely, CBD affects THC. Dr. Ethan Russo further supports this theory by demonstrating that non-cannabinoid plant components such as terpenes serve as inhibitors to THC’s intoxicating effects, thereby increasing THC’s therapeutic index. This ‘phytocannabinoid-terpenoid synergy,’ as Russo calls it, increases the potential of cannabis-based medicinal extracts to treat pain, inflammation, fungal and bacterial infections, depression, anxiety, addiction, epilepsy, and even cancer … Terpenes act on receptors and neurotransmitters; they are prone to combine with or dissolve in lipids or fats; they act as serotonin uptake inhibitors (similar to antidepressants like Prozac); they enhance norepinephrine activity (similar to tricyclic antidepressants like Elavil); they increase dopamine activity; and they augment GABA (the “downer” neurotransmitter that counters glutamate, the “upper”). However, more specific research is needed.”

Mathre: “CBD has value, but its value can be enhanced with the whole plant and we can develop more individualized medicine (specific ratios depending upon the person and the need).”


Cannabis’s Entourage Effect: Why Whole Plant Medicine Matters

How much more effective would you say whole-plant medicine is than CBD-only?

Peters: “Radically. Not even close. It’s as though you’re working with different substances.”

Solomon: “I think that any whole plant medicine is more effective then any CBD-only product.”

Theisen: “Whole plant medicine is the only way to go.”

Mathre: “Safer and more effective, and tolerance will develop more slowly (if at all).”

Finley: “In almost all cases…I would say whole-plant therapeutics are 100% more effective than CBD-only.”

Thoughts on those who exclude THC or other cannabis components from the realm of medicinal cannabis?

Finley: “I believe everyone should have access to all types of treatment options that could potentially benefit them, and people need to be aware that not all cannabis is created equal. CBD from hemp does not have the medicinal properties that CBD from cannabis possesses, and is frankly an inferior product.”

Mathre: “We have lawyers and politicians practicing medicine without a license – they don’t know what they are talking about. Clearly there may be some patients who need little to no THC, but the vast majority will benefit from it. Patients should have all of the options open to them and research needs to continue to help determine how to best individualize cannabis medicine.”

Peters: “It’s so extraordinarily problematic that it feels criminal to me… The wall of bureaucracy is pushing up against the wall of science.”


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What is the best way to consume cannabis to access its complete entourage of effects?

Finley: “Delivery methods vary greatly in terms of their efficiency and their effects. I heard a colleague say that smoking a joint for therapeutic effect is akin to opening your mouth in the rain to get a drink of water … Our preferred methods [are] buccal ingestion or sublingual ingestion, vaping from a vaporizer or vape pen whose hardware is safe to use with cannabis extracts, and topical for additional localized impact.”

Peters: “Certainly vaporizing flowers is one of the easiest options. I would [also] say tinctures … especially full plant and alcohol-extracted (with organic ethanol).”

Theisen: “Vaporization or tinctures of whole plants. Any sort of extraction method that isn’t going to deplete it.”

How Vaporizer Technology Can Maximize the Entourage Effect

firefly30 copy-web

In the vaporizer world, dynamic convection is the process by which vapes can capture a complete range of active ingredients and flavors in cannabis flowers and full-plant concentrates. This maximizes efficiency and optimizes the benefits of the entourage effect for the consumer. As vaporizer technology continues to advance in this direction, it will become easier and easier for patients to explore the benefits of whole plant medicine for themselves, and hone in on the cannabis strains best suited to their needs.

To learn more about dynamic convection technology in the Firefly 2, please visit the sponsor’s website.

Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

How to Use CO2 to Increase Cannabis Yields

Carbon dioxide (CO2) is a gas that fills our atmosphere, and it’s essential for plants to complete the process of photosynthesis wherein plants convert CO2 into energy. High levels of CO2 in a cannabis garden can result in stronger plants with increased yields – if introduced correctly. So how do you control and add CO2 to your cannabis grow room for the best possible end product?

How Does CO2 Work for Plants?

Indoor marijuana garden

Plants extract CO2 from the atmosphere via the plant’s stomates, which are the pores that plants “breathe” through. Photosynthesis begins as the plant uses CO2 in combination with light bulbs or light from the sun to produce both sugar and oxygen. The sugar is used by the plant to grow while the oxygen is released back into the atmosphere.

Increasing CO2 levels in your cannabis garden will allow your plants to create more energy – if you provide adequate lighting as well. Again, light is the second requirement to create energy for your plants, meaning you must match your CO2 levels with your lighting. However, before we dive into how this is done, there are a number of other considerations to make before investing in a CO2 system.

Who Should Use CO2 Systems for Cannabis?

Analog indicator

The benefits of introducing CO2 into a grow space are well known and widely accepted. However, if you’re a novice grower and/or under a tight budget, there might be a number of ways for you to initially increase your yields before investing in a costly CO2 system. Make sure you first know how to:

  • Grow a healthy garden with a quality product
  • Prevent and/or treat mold and pest infestations
  • Set up a secure, sealed grow space
  • Use an adequate high-powered light system
  • Utilize quality strain genetics
  • Use quality nutrients and growing mediums

If you have a handle on the above points, you should be ready to try increasing your yields using added CO2.

How to Introduce Additional CO2 to a Garden

There are multiple ways to introduce CO2 to your garden, but most methods do not guarantee controlled ppm (parts per million, used to measure CO2 levels in atmosphere). For this reason, it’s important to invest in a quality CO2 setup. If the systems below are too costly or demanding for your space, you may consider holding off on CO2 supplemented grows until you’re ready to make the jump.

CO2 Generators

CO2 generators, which look something like patio heaters, produce carbon dioxide by burning propane or natural gases. They can be set up to automatically power on or off when CO2 levels reach a specific ppm. Natural gas or liquid propane are very easy to acquire, but the burning of these gases produces heat which can be difficult to regulate in small grow spaces. Because of this, CO2 generators are better suited for large grow spaces with equipment for climate control.

Compressed CO2

Compressed CO2 tanks can be acquired at hydroponic stores, compressed gas facilities, or even home brewing stores. In this case, the CO2 is produced by the manufacturers and is collected and compressed into tanks that can be then made available for purchase. This allows you to introduce controlled quantities of CO2 into your garden via emitters without having to own a CO2 generator. The benefit of this setup is that without a CO2 generator, you’re no longer producing heat when releasing CO2 into your garden. For this reason, compressed CO2 is ideal for smaller grow spaces.

How to Use CO2 in Your Cannabis Garden

Marijuana flower buds.

CO2 levels in our atmosphere are around 400 ppm. Interestingly, studies show CO2 levels can continually increase plant growth as ppm reach upwards of 10,000. Note that once CO2 is above 3,000 ppm it starts to become dangerous for humans to breathe, and at 5,000 ppm it is considered lethal.

Most gardeners have found that when you are producing high-quality light in your garden, a CO2 level of 1,200 to 2,000 ppm will increase the growth of your plant significantly. Additionally, when using CO2 your plants can handle a higher average temperature – around 85-90 degrees Fahrenheit. Be aware that if your CO2 levels are too high for the amount of light or heat generated in the garden, you will see your plants become damaged from excess CO2.

The CO2 emitted should ideally fall from above the garden, as CO2 is heavy and will sink to the ground. Using fans will help keep the CO2 moving around the room and make it available for more plants to absorb. CO2 should only be emitted during the time that the lights are on; plants photosynthesize while it is dark out.

Growing cannabis is an ever-changing practice. Taking on a challenge such as introducing CO2 could evolve your garden, taking it to the next level. Have you spent any time with CO2 in your garden? Take the opportunity to share your experiences in the comments section below.

Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

Why Kyle Kushman Swears by Veganic Cannabis Grow Methods

Veganics is a growing technique that uses no animal by-products. As the medical cannabis marketplace rapidly expands, veganic methods are gaining traction with growers concerned with healthier medicine. Many smokers swear it creates a much more flavorful flower.

Cannabis cultivator Kyle Kushman, winner of 13 Cannabis Cup titles for his Strawberry Cough strain, advocates growing veganic versus just organic. Here’s the main difference between the two: while veganic is still organic, by growing without any animal by-products (which organic fertilizers carry), veganic nutrients can result in cleaner, stronger, and more sustainably-grown medicine. Anyone, including myself, who has smoked the Strawberry Cough will testify it’s incredibly smooth and potent.

We spoke with Kushman to learn more about the benefits of growing veganic.


Using Veganics for Growing Organic Cannabis

Leafly: What inspired you to turn towards growing veganic?

Kyle Kushman: It fell in my lap. I had a friend, Hippy Ray, and he and his girlfriend were vegans and they lived up in northern California. One day he said, “Canna came out with a bio line, it’s all vegan.” At the time, I didn’t care because I always made my own nutrients or combined things from across the spectrum. I didn’t really feel like I needed a new nutrient.

But I went and I tried the soil, this vegan soil, that didn’t contain any perlite or man-made components. I liked the soil so much that I ended up trying the nutrients. I was already an organic gardener and I spanned the whole gambit. I’ve grown just about every style, from aeroponic to hydroponic, from pebbles to dirt, from full synthetic to 50/50 synthetic.


How to Use Hydroponic Growing Systems for Cannabis

What were the significant changes in your grow once you went veganic?

Kushman: The difference in my veganic crop was noticeable from the first time. It seemed to me that the plants were healthy, the growth rates were actually higher, the leaves were raised higher than ever, and they had this flavor. It has to do with the processing of the nutrients.

The plant expends much less energy metabolizing veganic nutrition as opposed to organic nutrition. Organic nutrition is wonderful, but it relies on decomposition and enzymatic processes to break them down and to fully curate nutrients not available by the plant.


Growing Organic Cannabis at Home

Veganic nutrition is nearly 100% bio-available from the get-go. It’s like the difference between Thanksgiving dinner and sushi dinner. Both can be nutritious, but you have to admit that after you have Thanksgiving dinner, you need to sit on the couch and wait for your body to create all the digestive enzymes to get it going. But, no matter how much you gorge yourself on sushi, 10-15 minutes later, you get energy from that sushi because it’s so easily metabolized by your body.

Because they expend less energy metabolizing nutrition, the plants have more energy to spend creating volatile oils and terpenes. That’s why the terpene levels are higher.

Why do the plants biologically spend less energy?

Kushman: There’s less waste product around each molecule. Outdoors organic nutrition is wonderful. It’s inextricably intertwined with farming and there’s nothing wrong with it, assuming that the organic inputs are actually clean.


Outdoor Cannabis Grows 101: Everything You Need to Start Growing Outside

That’s the issue; the stuff coming out of the back ends of animals isn’t as clean as it used to be. It’s loaded with antibiotics, hormones, and pesticides. If you’re getting your guano from some far off global conglomerate, it’s loaded with heavy metals. Our veganic produce is testing sometimes up to 1,000 times lower in heavy metal content than the best organic produce. It’s really about cleanliness for the environment.

Growing veganic is more sustainable.

Kushman: When full-on legalization comes, millions of new growers are going to come online and live in high-rises in like Charlotte, New York, and Chicago. They’re going to google “cannabis cultivation” and they’re going to want to grow organic cannabis, but they don’t have space or time to have bubbling buckets of brew and compost in their house.


How to Make Compost Tea for Cannabis Plants

What are growing residues and how are they affected by growing veganic?

Kushman: Residues are contaminants of any kind, which are stored up salts and nutrients in the plants, [namely] heavy metals. Residues can also come from nefarious ingredients that we all know are put into nutrients by companies. We’ve all heard they don’t list all their nutrient ingredients, and then there’s the [grower] who can add contaminants through sprays and other products.

It’s really about growing a product that we call medicine that’s actually good for you, that can be tested and verified, and can be used by people with extremely high sensitivities to extremely low levels of contaminants. I’ve had enumerable people come up to me, and they’d say, “Thank you, I go from dispensary to dispensary to find one I can smoke that doesn’t give me a headache.”

In some people, it can cause nausea; it can exacerbate Crohn’s disease. The average person probably isn’t going to be bothered by 2-5 parts per million of contaminants, but when I can say that ours ranges between 200-600 parts per billion, that’s about 1,000 times less. That makes a difference for people who are compromised in any way, like the autistic children that I’ve worked with at the National Foundation for Autism. That’s why I’ve continued working with them for so long, because they truly can appreciate medicine that has virtually undetectable levels of heavy metal.


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When you grow veganic, do you find there to be adverse effects for the plant – for example, with pest control or disease?

Kushman: Absolutely not. It’s the opposite. My theory has always been that the healthiest plants are growing to grow the fastest. They’re going to be the most potent and heal the best. That’s what we’re growing; we’re growing the healthiest plants possible.

What’s the difference in the look?

Kushman: Most of the cannabis on commercial market is immature for many reasons. It’s from impatience, from people pulling it down early who don’t cure. But it’s also from the plant not being able to fully progress through each stage of life.

Many people think there’s only two stages: there’s the vegetative stage and there’s the flowering stage, but that’s not true. There’s actually early vegetative, mid vegetative, and late vegetative, and early flowering, mid flowering, and late flowering. They’re all highlighted by different levels of growth hormones and stimulators within the plant.


When is the Right Time to Harvest Cannabis?

As you know with your own body, if you’re very healthy then you will have a lot more energy and you will be able to do more things. If you’re bound up in any way, then you’re not going to be able to do many things. If the plant is not wanting for anything, it more easily transfers to each stage of growth. Meaning, by the time you get to the end, and specifically if you look at #Vegamatrixfade, you’ll see hundreds, if not thousands of different users who have input plants that they grow indoors that look like they were grown outdoors. They have the natural fall color expression that plants get when they naturally fluoresce and acquiesce, into their dying stages of life. They’re not necrotic at their fifth week and they’re not all crispy by the sixth or seventh week – we’re just trying to get through the eighth week so that the trichomes look like they’re mature and ripe.

Know the plants have actually fully progressed through each of their growth stages and they’re fully maturing. That’s how you get higher terpene profiles and flowers that have these amazing fall colors. They were able to fully process everything. They weren’t overfed, and they feed on themselves at the end of the season just like fall leaves. It’s a pretty amazing thing that so many growers get the same type of results.

Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

What are the Best Ways to Mask Cannabis Odor in Your House?

Cannabis, as we’re well aware, is a flower. One of the primary functions of flowers is to create terpenes, odoriferous chemicals designed by nature to attract pollinators and ward off predators. These pungent compounds can be one of the best and worst parts of enjoying cannabis. The rich smell of fresh, sticky bud can be as intoxicating as the perfume of a long-lost lover.


Terpenes: The Flavors of Cannabis Aromatherapy

Unfortunately, this odor can also be a dead giveaway that alerts others to your preferably private ritual. And while cannabis may be consumed for medicinal and adult-use purposes throughout the country, federal prohibition continues to govern public perception, which can still trend negative. If you want to be mindful of your neighbors or simply want your cannabis habits to stay under the radar, respect and privacy can be preserved with a few handy tricks to mask the smell of cannabis on your person or in your home.

The Classic Approach: Sai Baba, Satya, Nag Champa, Agarbatti Incense

Nag Champa is an incense commonly burnt in ashrams. The scent is neither masculine or feminine and usually contains a mixture of the following ingredients:

  • Champa flower
  • Benzoin resinoid (Styrax tonkinensis)
  • Henna (Lawsonia inermis)
  • Geranium (Pelargonium graveolens)
  • Indian sandalwood (Santalum album)
  • Vanilla
  • Honey

The classic aroma was transplanted in the west at the end of the hippie trail and has remained a welcome scent for practitioners of yoga, meditation, and cannabis consumption.


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The Hippie Approach: Patchouli Oil

This aromatic oil is a hippie hallmark. Made from the small pink and white flowers of the patchouli plant, this oil is known for its pleasant, lasting scent and supposed antidepressant and aphrodisiac qualities. Certainly makes sense to me: enjoy a doobie, dab some patchouli behind the ears, smell nice, and make love, not war.

The Homemaker Approach: Febreeze

A household staple for many Americans living with gassy pets and gassier spouses or roommates, Febreeze is a trigger-action odor eliminator. This is not the end-all, be-all of cannabis smell reduction, but for a fresh scent in a pinch, it’s a solid option.

The Toilet Bowl Approach: Matches with the Bathroom Fan On

One of the sneakier moves on the list, the toilet bowl is an act of desperation at its core. You can’t go outside but you can’t consume inside; it’s a risky move no matter how you slice it. But if you must, bring along stick matches (preferably) and flip the switch on the fan. The combusting sulfur and wood smoke of the stick matches should cover a hit or two and the fan should take care of the rest.

The Last Resort: Burnt Popcorn

The smell of burning popcorn could make a house fire just smell like another movie night gone wrong. In my experience, few smells mask other odors better and linger in the air longer than an accidentally burnt bag of microwavable popcorn.


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But beware! Respect the very delicate balance between burnt for effect and just burning the hell out of it. While the room may no longer smell of cannabis, the fire alarm is literally the loudest signal of domestic failure known to man, and that’s not the perception cannabis needs, either.

Other Suggestions

Air-tight containers are not hard to come by. A good Tupperware, Mason jar, or, if you’re in a pinch, a Ziploc bag inside another Ziploc bag, can really go the distance. There are also other vacuum-sealed containers on the market, like OXO food storage containers, that will work extremely well for storing your pungent cannabis. If you can, get a UV protective airtight container and/or keep all cannabis plant matter out of direct/indirect sunlight to preserve quality over time.


What Influences Degradation of THC and Other Cannabinoids?

Paper towel/toilet paper roll + rubber band + dryer sheet. It’s that simple—get a toilet paper or paper towel roll, place a fabric softener sheet at the end, and strap it to the roll with a rubber band. The idea is to fill the volume of the roll, so exhale slowly as not to shoot the smoke directly out the other end. Know that smoke will escape either way, but if done correctly, much of the odor will be diffused.

Buy a smoke filter. Manufactured smoke filters are starting to hit the market. You can try Sploofy—this portable carbon filter is an excellent choice for travelers and cannabis consumers that need to conceal their presence. The Sploofy’s replaceable filter system and nearly magical ability to swallow up enormous clouds of smoke make for potent camouflage on the go or in the home.

Alternatively, you can try making your own “Sploof.”

Just go outside. Trust me, it’s good for you.

What are your go-to cannabis camo techniques? We’ll try out the best suggestions and highlight them in a follow-up!

Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

What is “Kush” Cannabis?

Cannabis can be classified in many different ways. Typically, this resinous flower is categorized as sativa, hybrid, or indica, based on anticipated effects and/or the morphology of the plant. But cannabis can be further categorized through a vernacular defined by the popular culture, such as Kush, Haze, and Purple. These terms refer to types of cannabis characterized by distinct smells, flavors, effects, and/or geographic regions.


Sativa vs. Indica vs. Hybrid: What’s the Difference Between Cannabis Types?

What Characterizes “Kush” Cannabis?

Kush cannabis

Kush is a particular variety of cannabis that descends from the Hindu Kush mountains. This mountain range spans the Afghanistan-Pakistan border and is one of the few geographic regions where the cannabis plant grows natively.

Having strong Kush genetics usually means a strain will have a few of the following attributes:

  • Appearance: Your strain may exhibit deep green colas and leaves with hints of purple. Pistils (hairs) can look orange, bronze, or rust colored.  Buds are dense, chunky, and knotted, coming from squat, thick plants.
  • Smell: Aroma can vary between earthy, floral, pungent, pine, incense, sweet fruit, hash spice, pepper, citrus, gas, and herbs.
  • Flavor: Smoke or vapor should be smooth and herbaceous, tasting of flowers, grape, diesel, citrus, and earth.
  • Effects: Kush usually vacillates between hybrid and indica dominance. The effects are typically heavy and sedative. OG Kush crosses are usually coupled with a bright euphoria that puts a smile on the couch-locked consumer. Introspection or internal reflection is a common effect of Kush as well. These cerebral effects make a strong case for Kush as a meditative variety of cannabis.

Keep in mind that these attributes can vary from Kush strain to Kush strain. How a strain is grown and its unique genetic expression (referred to as a “phenotype”) naturally affect a strain’s attributes, giving some Kush strains a more sativa-like aroma, flavor, or effect.


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Among strain breeders, Kush varieties are popular candidates for backcrossing and in turn, stabilizing hybrid genetics. As with many landrace strains, Kush genetics present natural resistance to certain elements native to their land of origin. This includes hardy stocks and vegetation that can survive colder, harsher climates and moderate water consumption, allowing the plant to endure somewhat parched terrain. In addition to their natural resilience, many growers choose to grow Kush strains for their heavy yields and manageable height.

What are the Most Popular Kush Cannabis Strains?

A simple search of “Kush” will yield hundreds of strains with an Afghani ancestor, but let’s start with the five most popular:

1. OG Kush

Leafly OG Kush hybrid cannabis strain tile and effects

The most famous of all Kush varieties, OG Kush hits the sweet spot on the indica-dominant hybrid scale. This strain’s comfortable yet potent sedation coupled with an uplifting euphoria make it the perfect strain to just feel good with.

2. Bubba Kush

Leafly Bubba Kush indica cannabis strain tile and effects

Bubba Kush is what usually comes to mind when people think of indica-dominant effects. This strain is stoney and sedative, weighing the consumer to couch as though they were wearing cement boots with a matching cement tracksuit and stately cement trench coat. Bubba Kush may also ignite your appetite; just try not to fall asleep in front of the fridge while spooning a box of Eggo waffles.

3. Purple Kush

Leafly Purple Kush indica cannabis strain tile and effects

Purple Kush is an excellent example of indica-dominant attributes. This strain has purple foliage and will generally have an earthy, grapey flavor, as well as sleepy effects.

4. Skywalker OG

Leafly Skywalker OG hybrid cannabis strain tile and effects

Skywalker OG takes the classic hybrid effects of OG Kush and deepens its sedating effects with the addition of Skywalker. This Kush develops a fruit-rich, diesel-driven flavor and aroma while mimicking the happy, uplifted mental characteristics of its paternal genetics. The creeping, sedative effects melt over the body, taking the consumer from the light side of day into the dark side of night (and sleep.)

5. Master Kush

Leafly Master Kush indica cannabis strain tile and effects

Master Kush is another Kush classic that inherits attributes directly from Hindu Kush. With a mixture of sleepy, happy, and relaxing effects, Master Kush earns its title. This strain is an excellent alternative to Bubba Kush.

Which Kush varieties are your favorite? Share them in the comments section below!

Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

What are Live Resin Cannabis Concentrates?

Getting up close and personal with a fully mature, living cannabis plant is somewhat of a transcendent experience. The bouquet of aromas captured in a single sniff off a living bud will completely redefine your expectations of the relationship between cannabis flowers and their many complex fragrances. However, facilitating a translation of these distinct flavors and aromas into a consumable product is easier said than done.


Cannabis Anatomy: the Parts of the Plant

Once a cannabis plant has been harvested, the myriad of intermediary processes between when the shears touch the stalk and when you consume the final product has the potential to all but completely eliminate those valuable flavors and aromas. To add fuel to the fire, many cannabis extraction techniques intentionally purge these elements, leaving the consumer with an odorless concentrate completely void of the “essence” it once carried.

How is it possible to capture the flavors and aromas from a living plant and bring that experience to the cannabis consumer? The answer is with “live resin” concentrates.

What is Live Resin?

Photo courtesy of Arizona Natural SelectionsPhoto courtesy of Arizona Natural Selections

Live resin is a type of cannabis concentrate that is manufactured using a technique that takes freshly harvested cannabis and freezes it to subcritical temperatures prior to and throughout the extraction process. Where these methods differ from other extraction processes is in the amount of time harvested cannabis plants are allowed to dry and cure before the extraction.

The drying and curing process that a cannabis plant typically undergoes can have a devastating impact on terpenes, the flavorful factory molecules present within the trichomes that line virtually every corner of a mature cannabis flower and its surrounding foliage. With cured concentrates, the cannabis plant is allowed a certain amount of time to wick itself of moisture and chlorophyll before the extraction occurs. During this time, trichomes are subjected to conditions not conducive to terpene preservation. Interactions such as increased exposure to heat, oxygen, physical agitation, and light all play a role in degrading terpenes.


Factors That Impact Your Cannabis Strain: Part 5, The Curing Process

However with live resin, the plant is flash frozen immediately following harvest and kept at freezing temperatures throughout the extraction process.. By doing this, the cannabis plant retains its valuable terpene profile, thus retaining the plant’s original flavor and fragrance that can then be carried over into the final product. (Learn more about live resin extraction in Episode 1 of our “The Art of Extraction” series, and explore how other concentrates are made in other episodes as well.)

Where Did Live Resin Originate?

Live resin is relatively new to the cannabis concentrate scene. Its humble origins stem back to between 2011-2013 with a small group of growers and extractors practicing out of Colorado. Among them, William Fenger, otherwise known as “Kind Bill,” and EmoTek Labs founder “Giddy Up” were the two pioneers largely coined with stabilizing and introducing live resin to the cannabis concentrate scene. They did this by developing a specialized BHO extractor capable of maintaining the incredibly low temperatures needed to produce live resin, and combined that with their vision of using freshly frozen plant material for their extract.

Together, these two were able to develop methods capable of extracting concentrates laden with very high levels of terpenes, on average much higher than the extracts produced using cured resins.

What Makes Live Resin Different from Other Concentrates?

Gorilla Glue Shatter

The distinguishing factor that separates live resins from other concentrate products is the elevated terpene content that these extracts tend to contain. Live resins, on average, carry a more robust terpene concentration than traditional cured BHO extracts. In addition to producing a more pungent aroma, higher and more complex terpene profiles can also deliver an elevated psychoactive experience because terpenes can interact with cannabinoids such as THC and CBD.


CBD vs. THC: Why is CBD Not Psychoactive?

Both of these factors have influenced why live resins have risen to the top of cannabis concentrate market. Fans of cannabis extracts tend to place a high value on flavor and aroma as well as effect. Typically, concentrates bearing the name “live resin” sell for higher premium in the recreational market as a result of this.

What Distinguishes Live Resins from One Another?

Christmas Fir Tree

A live resin doesn’t necessarily contains a higher concentration of cannabinoids or terpenes than an extract made using a cured flower. Due to the plethora of strain types and extraction techniques used to make live resins, a spectrum of varieties exists today.

Products that are labeled as live resins can often differ in viscosity, ranging anywhere between saps to sugars, jellies, butters, and even more solid shatters. While terpene concentration can play an effect on viscosity, oftentimes products are mechanically altered post-extraction, such as when viscous saps are “whipped” into butters.


What are Cannabis Oil, Shatter, and Wax Extracts?

Another common misconception with live resins is the complexity of their terpene profiles. There are over 100 identifiable terpenes found in cannabis plants, all ranging in molecular weight and structure. Many live resins only contain blowouts of certain lighter monoterpenes such as as pinene and myrcene compared to their flower counterpart.

These extracts, in many cases, lack the existence of many other less prevalent varieties of terpenes, which can have an impact on the flavor and effects. Variations occur in part due to the fact that some extraction processes fail to capture these terpenes. However, this is also largely influenced by the terpene profile of the starting material being used. A concentrate, no matter how it has been extracted, is only as potent and palatable as the cannabis plant (including which parts) it came from. Extracts utilizing the whole plant can often have a more complex profile of terpenes than those utilizing only the fresh frozen flowers.


Cannabis’ Entourage Effect: Why Whole Plant Medicine Matters

Live resins have come quite a long way since their Colorado inception. As recently as a few years ago, they were an enigmatic and rare product only found in certain connoisseur markets at premium prices sometimes exceeding $100 per gram. Although live resins are still sold at a higher premium than other concentrate products, namely BHO’s, nowadays live resin prices are much more accessible and affordable, with most dispensaries carrying some variation.

As the market for cannabis concentrates continues to demand more flavorful options that offer a more complex experience, live resins will continue to become more available to the consumer. After all, enjoying a concentrate that remains loyal in fragrance to the flower it came from is a truly remarkable experience.

Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

Understanding Medical vs. Adult-Use Cannabis Dispensaries

It’s quite possible that cannabis recently became medicinally or recreationally legal in your state, which means that cannabis will be (or already is) sold in storefronts near you. But before you jump for joy and head towards the nearest cannabis shop, make sure you know the difference between a medical dispensary and a recreational, adult-use store. Knowing these differences will help prepare you for your first visit to either type of business and equip you with a few good tips to help you get the most out of your legal cannabis purchase.

What is a Medical Cannabis Dispensary?

Cannabis Organic Medicine Springfield Oregon

Medical cannabis dispensaries are designed to give patients a secure location to procure information and cannabis grown to treat ailments. They’re usually regulated and taxed differently than recreational cannabis outlets, and for this reason, prices of cannabis may vary between the two. The interior design of medical dispensaries is typically closer to a doctor’s office than a typical storefront. Come prepared with the proper documentation and questions related to cannabis and your illness.


Qualifying Conditions for Medical Marijuana by State

Here’s what you need to know before visiting your local medical dispensary:

  • You will need a doctor’s recommendation, medical cannabis certification, and/or whatever proper documentation is required by your state.
  • Typically, you must be 18 or older to qualify for a medical authorization, but exceptions may be made in some states for minors with particularly debilitating conditions.
  • You will usually register with a medicinal dispensary. This is to keep your medical cannabis recommendation or certification on file for legal and regulatory purposes.
  • There will be a waiting room. This is to control the flow of patients and product, but a simple dividing wall also gives patients privacy and direct one-on-one contact with a budtender to candidly discuss medical issues.
  • Many times, but not always, your purchases will be tracked by medical dispensaries. This process can help budtenders and patients track effective medicine as well as have a living record of producers and products for future reference and follow-up.
  • Medicinal dispensaries usually allow you to smell and examine the actually buds before purchase. This may vary from state-to-state.

What is an Adult-Use (Recreational) Cannabis Store?

Colorado Marijuana Shop

The term “adult-use” comes from the notion that not all patrons of a cannabis dispensary are consuming cannabis solely for recreational purposes. Cannabis can and is utilized for many reasons that go beyond the recreational/medicinal cannabis binary. An adult-use shop may also be referred to as a “dispensary,” but as more states legalize recreational use, more people are pivoting away from language leftover from the days of “medical-only” legislation.


5 Ways to Help Your Budtender Help You

Adult-use shops require fewer prerequisites than a medical dispensary, although there’s plenty to know before you set foot inside one of these legal cannabis storefronts::

  • You must be at least 21 years old to purchase cannabis from an adult-use store.
  • Your valid, unexpired state ID is your key to the kingdom of cannabis. When in doubt, bring your valid, unexpired passport. (Emphasis on “valid and unexpired.”)
  • Many stores have menus to peruse on their website or while you stand in line. Menus can be organized in many different ways, but most commonly by product type (e.g. flower, concentrate, edible, topical, etc.). Note that the best cannabis isn’t always the most expensive or have the highest THC%.
  • There are great budtenders on the medical and adult-use sides of the cannabis industry, but generally speaking, a recreational dispensary budtender does not have the time to devote 20 minutes of undivided attention to each customer like many medical budtenders will. This doesn’t mean a budtender won’t educate you or share sincere recommendations; rather, adult-use storefronts are grab-and-go locations generally designed for accessibility and convenience. And just as liquor stores can have sommeliers and/or regular checkers, cannabis dispensary associates can range from verbose horticulture majors to basic “customer service representatives.”

Tips for a Successful Cannabis Dispensary Visit

Driver's Licence

  • Bring cash. Plan ahead and pull some money out of the bank. This will save you time and a service charge from the in-house ATM.
  • Do the research. Most dispensaries have a website and a menu. Leafly is an excellent source for dispensary menus, but when in doubt, call and double-check the availability of a product.
  • Have a valid, unexpired ID or passport. If you don’t have a current, active form of identification, you’ll be turned away at the door.
  • Be patient and polite. Budtenders see hundreds of people every day and will give better service to kind, polite individuals/couples/groups.
  • Ask questions. Most recreational dispensaries can’t directly answer medical questions, so instead, ask questions that are valuable to you. For example, instead of asking, “I need cannabis that helps manage pain,” try asking “What strains do you enjoy that help with physical discomfort?” Budtenders can usually share their personal cannabis experience, elucidating a strain’s medicinal benefits without directly recommending medical use.
  • A tip is not required, but is always appreciated. Different dispensaries handle this subject differently. At the end of the day, follow your heart. If you feel like you received exceptional service and would like to show your appreciation, feel free to leave a small cash tip for your budtender.


Budtender Tipping Etiquette 101: How Much Should You Give? (And is It Even Legal?)

By entering into a medical or adult-use cannabis dispensary, you and the state are trusting each other. You trust that lawmakers are regulating the product justly and instituting safeguards to protect public health, and the state trusts the consumer to utilize and enjoy their cannabis responsibly. To reiterate, you are the public face of your state’s new cannabis market. The way you conduct yourself in the public eye while consuming cannabis will help define the perception of this young industry. The best practices here are common sense, respect, and discretion.

Lead Image: Andrew Selsky/AP

Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

Organic Pest Control for Cannabis Home Growers

Pests of any variety can quickly become a mountain of stress for any home grower. Whether you grow indoors, outdoors, or in a greenhouse, these unwelcome guests will inevitably find a way to ruin your crop if they manage to get in. While solutions such as synthetic pesticides and inert growing mediums can play a role in mitigating pest damage for those who choose to use them, for the organic grower these remedies simply will not do.

Fortunately, there are a variety of available solutions for organic growers to use in order to minimize damage and prevent pests from taking over a grow space. By incorporating organic systems into a gardening schedule, you can minimize the damage that pests can cause by controlling their populations down to a manageable degree, all without worrying about causing damage to your cannabis plants.

Organic Integrated Pest Management (IPM)

organic integrated pest management (organic IPM) for cannabis

Integrated pest management (IPM) is a broad horticultural term used since the 1930s that essentially includes any system designed to control pest populations in order to minimize their overall damage output. IPM is a multidisciplinary reference that encompasses pest control solutions ranging from mechanical to biological and virtually everything in between.

Non-organic IPM solutions can include biologically engineered plants designed with modified genetics and synthetic insecticides, both of which can be incredibly effective at minimizing or even completely eradicating pest populations. However, because these pest control methods are counterintuitive to principles of organic farming, other options must be considered.


Growing Organic Cannabis at Home

Thankfully, there are many effective organic pest control methods for organic home growers. Here are three examples of how you can incorporate organic IPM into your garden practices.

Organic IPM Tactic #1: Foliar Sprays for Cannabis Pests

organic IPM tactic: foliar sprays for cannabis

Once left to their own reproductive devices, pests can very quickly overtake a garden. Too often are gardeners left in a compromising position where they’re forced to react to pest damage, only to find that it’s already too late. With traditional non-organic IPM methods, synthetic and systemic insecticidal foliar sprays are frequently used to control and eradicate a growing infestation. However, foliar applications are not limited to synthetics and can be designed to only utilize biological resources in order to control and eradicate pests.

There are generally two directions one can take when building an organic IPM foliar spray. The first is to eradicate an existing pest population, and the second is for preventative measures.

For existing pest populations, the idea with a foliar spray is to introduce a biological solution designed to prevent reproduction. Once you have identified the pest, it’s important to then use a biological control mechanism conducive to eliminating that particular variety.


Organic vs. Chemical Cannabis Fertilizers for Your Grow

Fungus gnats, for example, are a major pest problem that affect growers in droves. Possible biological pesticide solutions for fungus gnats include the biological larvicide “bacillus thuringiensis” (Bt-i), often found in ready-made organic foliar sprays. This bacteria essentially controls larvae populations without damaging the plant itself, and is an example of a specific biological remedy for controlling a specific species of pest. It’s important to research which biological remedy will work for your specific pest problem before moving forward in your garden.

For those who want to use foliar sprays proactively in their garden, organic pest repellants may be used as well. Highly aromatic essential oils such as cinnamon oil, peppermint oil, or clove oil are all effective in deterring pests from taking an interest in your plant. These oils are generally safe for cannabis and can deter pests when used in manageable doses.

Since plants uptake nutrients through their leaves as well as their roots, incorporating IPM solutions into compost teas and other foliar applications is also highly effective.

Organic IMP Tactic #2: Companion Planting Pest Control

organic IMP Tactic: Companion cannabis planting pest control

Another great way to control pest populations in your garden organically is by companion planting. The idea behind companion planting is to build a dynamic ecosystem within your garden, where the presence of certain varieties of plants can be leveraged to protect your garden from potential hazards, pests included. By choosing to cultivate other varieties of plants either near or within the same growing medium as your cannabis, you can build an extra layer of defense against a variety of different pests.

For example, highly odiferous plants like lavender, basil, sage, and rosemary may be planted as a cover crop to your cannabis, effectively reducing pest traffic by making your grow space undesirable to pests. Thrips, aphids, and beetles are all examples of pests easily deterred by aromatic plants of this variety.


How to Train Your Cannabis Plants for Better Yields and Potency

Companion planting may be much more readily available for outdoor growers who are cultivating in larger beds, but this shouldn’t deter the indoor grower from utilizing this method within their gardens. Many plants grow small and compact in order to complement an indoor grow space. Marigolds, for instance, are a bright, colorful, and compact companion plant fantastic for lining cannabis pots. They not only grow beautiful and short, but are bright and attractive to pests that may otherwise be looking at your cannabis for their snack.

Organic IMP Tactic #3: Predatory Mites for Controlling Other Pests

organic IMP tactic: Predatory mites for controlling other pests

When the going gets tough, the tough organic growers get predator mites! Granted, predatory insect applications are not ideal for indoor growers who work in a tight space, but for outdoor and greenhouse growing, this method can be highly effective at eradicating existing pest populations when used correctly.

There are several caveats to consider when looking to purchase and unleash predator insects into your cannabis garden. The first is choosing the right tool for the job. For instance, Stethorus punctillum, a species of beetle that resembles a small black lady bug, is perfect for controlling spider mites. However, for fungus gnats, the soil predator Gaeolaelaps may be a better option because they not only eat other mites, but fungus gnats as well.

Additionally, there are many varieties of predatory insects and nematodes available, and choosing which one is right for your garden will come down to which one likes to snack on the pests you have.


Spider Mites, Fungus Gnats, and Root Aphids: How to Deal with 3 Common Cannabis Pests

Predator insects must be shipped and stored under optimal conditions in order to be effective, so it’s incredibly important to find a reputable supplier that can get you your insects in tip-top shape; otherwise, you’ll be wasting your money purchasing a pile of dead bugs to fight the living ones in your garden. When applying predatory insects, always follow the recommendations of your supplier, as not every application is the same across the board.

Between incorporating foliar solutions, companion planting and using predatory insects to home cannabis garden IPM schedule, the need for synthetic insecticides and chemical solutions can be effectively diminished. These three garden practices are not limited to organic only growers and can be incorporated into any garden. Whether you are confronting a head on infestation or attempting to prevent one, remember that organic pest management is a viable option to consider, especially when your goal above all is to protect the integrity of your precious cannabis plants.

Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

Using Veganics for Growing Organic Cannabis

Not quite sure what to make of the “veganic” label attached to that new strain of cannabis available at your local dispensary? Or perhaps you’re new to cultivating cannabis and are looking for a technique that honors both your vegan and organic lifestyle choices. Good news! Veganic cannabis is a thing, and it has been for some time now.

Plant-based agriculture, otherwise known as veganic gardening, takes the two principles of veganism and organics and hybridizes them into one central growing philosophy. That philosophy is represented by the idea that animal byproducts and synthetic ingredients are not integral or sustainable in providing nutrients and protections to your plants. Where veganic growing has been around in practice for thousands of years, this label has only recently made its way into the cannabis community. 

What is Veganics? veganics for organic, vegan cannabis

Veganics is defined as an agricultural philosophy that abstains from the use of synthetic or chemical-based additives as well as animal byproducts. The central philosophy behind veganic growing is to only utilize plant-based resources in order to provide both nutrient uptake and environmental protection to the crop. This entails not only the removal of any chemical fertilizer, pesticide, and herbicide from use, but also products containing animal-based additives such as manure fertilizers and animal byproduct-containing soil amendments.

Growers choose to adopt veganic principles for a variety of reasons, including the mission to abstain from using chemical and animal byproducts, sustainability purposes, as well as the pursuit of a cleaner-tasting and more naturally-derived final product. Veganics cannabis growing touches on all three motivators, with many cultivators adopting veganic methodologies to produce incredibly high-quality, all natural buds bursting with flavor. 

The Origin of Veganics

water your cannabis

Plant-based gardening has been around for thousands of years, but did not introduce itself into modern agriculture literature until the mid-1900’s. These principles were originally set forth by agricultural pioneers such as Maya Bruce, who introduced vegetable composting through her groundbreaking literature in the 1940s to Rosa Dalziell O’Brien and her son Kenneth, who were among the first to develop a system for veganics out of a hunch that animal byproducts damaged soil health( a concept that would later be proven). However, the term “veganics” wasn’t coined until UK author Geoffrey Rudd began using it as a distinguishing term between plant-based agricultural methods and those using chemicals and animal byproducts.

The single most dominating figure in the introduction of veganics into mainstream cannabis cultivation is master grower Kyle Kushman, who brought veganics into the limelight in 2009 when he adopted the Canna Company’s plant-based Bio Terra soil into his growing regiment, tweaking these soil amendments slightly by adding elements such as humic acid and a variety of microbial inoculants.


Organic vs. Chemical Cannabis Fertilizers for Your Grow

Kushman, a long-time cannabis cultivator and industry pioneer, adopted a veganics approach with one idea in mind: to develop a system for cannabis cultivation that allowed for as close to 100% nutrient bioavailability as possible through the use of sustainable plant-based additives designed to facilitate a thriving soil food web. The idea was that by removing animal byproducts from the equation, which he posited would in time affect soil PH levels, as well as removing various chemicals that were known to deplete microorganism populations, he would be able to increase nutrient availability, ultimately resulting in better tasting buds.

Today, Kushman’s veganic cannabis can be found in LA’s Buds and Roses dispensary. He also develops a line of products that include plant-based microbial inoculants and enzymes designed for veganic growers.

Veganic Cannabis Cultivation

veganic gardening for growing cannabis plants
Cultivating veganic cannabis is about developing and feeding a living soil with plant-based solutions in order to build cleaner and more distinct flavors. By taking chemical supplements and animal byproducts out of the equation, cannabis is free to uptake nutrients at any time, as they’re always available due to a balanced pH level.

There are differing methodologies to successfully grow veganic cannabis, and many of these principles can be applied to gardens of any shape and size, from containers to outdoor growing. Getting started with veganics is easier than you may think. All you need to get going is a soil amended with plant-based additives, some microbial inoculants, and perhaps the occasional plant-based fertilizer.

Vegetative plants will require amendments high in nitrogen, such as alfalfa cottonseed or even soya meal, whereas plants in flowering will need amendments high in phosphorus and potassium such as potash, rock phosphate, or wood ash. All of these are alternatives to organic options that contain animal byproducts such as bat guano, blood, or bone meal. Protozoa teas derived from hay, microbial- and fungi- dominant compost teas, and the use of various essential oils are also widely practiced in veganic cannabis cultivation.

Veganic Products in the Market

veganic cannabis products in the market

Unlike the agricultural industry, which has certified and regulated systems in place to ensure compliance to organic and vegan standards, the cannabis industry is largely unregulated. There is currently no system in place designed to certify veganic growers, but that doesn’t stop dispensaries from labeling their products organic. For example, Colorado’s mandate on listing all ingredients used for cultivation of a commercial recreational cannabis product can help define which products are truly veganic.

Make sure to always ask your budentder about products listed as “veganic,” as well as what products were used to cultivate that specific brand. If you’re fortunate to shop in an area such as Colorado, which mandates lab testing as well as full disclosure of growing amendments used, be sure to request any and all information proving that your product is in fact veganic as it was labeled.

Veganics, albeit a new concept to the cannabis industry, is a cultivation philosophy with much potential. As regulations are set in place, testing and labeling mandates will make it easier for consumers and farmers alike to find veganic labeled cannabis products on the shelves. There’s a growing market for sustainably sourced, animal-free, plant-based cannabis, and the demand will continue to drive innovations as veganic products become more available.

Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

How to Stop the Munchies When You’re High

Whether you roll or bowl, many of us look forward to enjoying cannabis regularly. Yet while smoking is known to be a relaxing activity, one side effect can be stressful: getting the munchies.

Why Does Cannabis Make You Hungry?

Cannabis has been shown to muddle the signals in your brain so you think you’re hungry instead of full. And while many people, such as cancer patients, specifically search out hunger-inducing strains for their medicinal value, those of us who have made resolutions to eat healthier or get in shape may not be so enthusiastic about chowing down on six servings of nachos.

Although they’re something we laugh about, the munchies can lose a bit of their entertainment value when they become a constant post-toke habit that messes with your lifestyle goals. Extra calories can mean weight gain, and, if you’re raiding the pantry at night, they can also lead to heartburn, indigestion, and interrupted sleep.

So, how to stop them? The following eight tricks can help you avoid the munchies or minimize their effects so you can continue enjoying your cannabis consumption to the fullest and combat this common problem.

1. Be Regimented with Meals Prior to Lighting Up

This goes for anyone struck with the late-night munchies, whether or not they’re cannabis-induced. If you’re not on a solid mealtime schedule, you’ll likely find yourself feeling peckish prior to bedtime. Add a bit of cannabis on top of that, and, well…you know the rest.

Set up a schedule to include breakfast, lunch and dinner times, as well as snacks to keep you satisfied between meals, and stick to it. If you’re sated after these meals and snacks, you’ll be way less likely to give in to the munchie madness.

If you’re consuming infused edibles as part of your meal, make sure you aren’t going overboard. Perhaps skip the brownie or sweet treat and try using cannabis coconut oil or other cooking oil in a healthier dish instead. There are many options out there that won’t pack on the extra calories.

2. Keep Yourself Busy

Focused on the game
It’s totally normal to let your mind wander while you’re high, but if you start thinking about food, turn your brain onto something else. Train yourself to pivot to another activity when the thought of a snack comes to mind. Seriously, it can be anything: play video games, kick it with Bob Ross, or dream up your ultimate cannabis clubhouse. These or any other favorite go-to activity will work, so long as it’s safe to do while under the influence.

3. Get the Taste Out of Your Mouth

When you’re high, you may find yourself appreciating toothpaste and mouthwash for more reasons than one. Not only will you enjoy the minty freshness, it can help you forget the thought of having another mouth-watering peanut butter cookie, and if you do reach for the jar, you’ll find that non-minty flavors taste bad when mixed in with your fresh breath.

Happily, brushing your teeth falls into the aforementioned category of safe activities to do while high — two birds, one stone.

4. Try a Different Strain


Whether or not you get the munchies depends in large part on the type of cannabis you’re consuming. If you find yourself unable to control your taste buds after toking, sample a new strain or two in order to find one that better suits your non-snacking goal. Specifically, strains high in CBD and THCV are great for this – check out our list of 10 munchie-banishing strain suggestions, or ask your budtender to help you find something similar.

5. Rid Yourself of Temptation…

Some of us feel that no matter how we try, we just can’t seem to stop snacking while high. If you know you’re going to binge, get rid of everything that you’ll regret eating. Don’t bring any junk food into the house, delete the pizza man’s number…do whatever it takes to keep those regrettable post-cannabis meals away from yourself.

6. …And Prepare for Inevitable Snacking

Take out food

You can make this an even more successful switch-up by having healthy snacks and foods on hand for when you’re raiding the kitchen cupboards. You’ll be surprised how many easy, tasty options there are for healthy snacks — seriously. In fact, you probably won’t even miss yesterday’s Chinese food or the microwaveable corn dogs once you try a tropical yogurt parfait, for example.

7. Exercise Beforehand to Make Up for Vegging

Here’s another way to prep in advance for your inevitable munchies: get a workout in before you smoke or vape. Find an activity you enjoy, whether it’s running, cycling, lifting weights, or doing yoga. Then, do it and burn enough calories to justify a few snacky morsels later.

8. Use the Munchies to Your Advantage

Spring Frittata

Finally, if you can’t beat your munchies, make them work for you. Perhaps you’re not a big fan of leafy greens like spinach or kale that are known to be excellent for your health. Wait ’til you’ve taken a few bong hits, them whip up, say, a sautéed spinach frittata. You’ll find it to be way more delicious while elevated, and your body will be thankful for the addition of leafy greens to your diet.

In the end, it’s all about knowing yourself and your preferences, so give each of the above methods a shot to determine which proves most helpful. Do what you can and, most importantly, don’t stress out about it too much: that kind of defeats the purpose of cannabis, after all.

Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.