Tag: data

Data Dive: Alaska’s Cannabis Industry Grows for 7th Consecutive Month

September was another record-setting month for Alaska’s adult-use cannabis industry, with the state Department of Revenue’s latest report last week showing that the state collected $723,757 in cannabis taxes from cultivators during that month.

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The record-setting month is the seventh consecutive month to break state sales records. That’s good newsfor the Last Frontier’s cannabis market, which got off to a slow start during its first few months of operation. September also saw Alaska set records in amount of trim sold as well as the number of cannabis taxpayers.

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Despite summer tourism beginning to die down, cannabis sales have continued to show steady growth since the beginning of summer in May. Although the growth of average tax payments has slowed down a bit, there continues to be more operators paying cannabis taxes each month, showing continued growth in the industry.

With some of the tourist numbers beginning to go down since summer, flower sales have slowed in pace—a relationship visible in the graphs above. Sales of trim or other parts of the cannabis plant, however, are up.

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Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

What Cannabis Strain Has the Most THC, According to Lab Data?

The last several decades of cannabis breeding generated thousands upon thousands of strains, many with high levels of THC. This begs the question, “Which strain has the most THC?”

The answer, according to numbers pulled from Washington state’s I-502 data, might be Ghost OG. (Leafly filtered the data to remove suspicious outliers and avoid labs that may have inflated THC values.)

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About Ghost OG

Ghost OG is a hybrid strain with a mysterious origin story likely written only on the ancient walls of an online growing forum. However, it’s said to be a cut of the original OG Kush passed along from one breeder, ORGNKID, to another named “Ghost.”

Find Ghost OG Nearby

While its history is known by few, the name is known by many, preserved by a reputation built on numerous Cannabis Cup awards. Wearing a thick white sheet of crystal trichomes, Ghost OG can produce a predatory amount of resin best reserved for fearless cannabis heavyweights. Skillful gardeners can coerce loud aromas from this strain that reek of acrid lemon-pine cleaner and deep earthy goodness. Coveted Ghost OG genetics have been used to breed several other strain staples like Ghost Train Haze, Rare Dankness #1, and Banana Kush.

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How Much THC Does Ghost OG Have?

Advances in cannabis lab testing have helped to put the terms like “strength” and “potency” in quantifiable terms—a percentage point that many consumers now primarily look to when choosing a strain. Though we now know that a strain’s subjective intensity is determined by a harmony of cannabinoids and terpenes, many people primarily focus on the THC content if looking for a powerful cannabis experience.

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Through genetic selection and advancements in growing technology, cannabis plants can now produce over 25% THC by dry weight—a substantial increase from the single-digit figures strains touted in decades past.

Ghost OG’s average THC content, according to lab data, pushes past 28%, the highest figure in the dataset. Compare that to the average THC content of these popular strains:

THC levels: Ghost OG vs. the most-viewed cannabis strains on LeaflyClick to enlarge. (Amy Phung/Leafly)

If cut from the original OG Kush mother stock, why is Ghost OG’s average THC percentage so much higher? Could it be that these prized Ghost genetics fell into the hands of particularly talented propagators and cultivators, while the potency score of the widely proliferated “generic” OG Kush was skewed by more lackluster samples?

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Several other cannabis strains in our dataset fell slightly short of Ghost OG’s average THC content:

Click to enlarge. (Amy Phung/Leafly)

Many of these runner-ups are cut from the same genetic cloth as Ghost OG with deep OG ancestry, but somewhere along the way, Ghost OG held its edge.

But I’ve Seen Plenty of Flower With More THC. What Gives?

It’s plausible you’ve come across strains that exceed the 28% THC benchmark. Given these figures are an average of measured THC profiles, it makes sense that you’d find individual samples on either end of the high-low spectrum.

Consider also the credibility of cannabis testing labs and the possibility of THC inflation. Earlier this year in Washington state, for example, some labs were suspected of artificially inflating THC profiles to make clients’ samples appear more potent, perhaps to give them a competitive edge over other labs. Again, the dataset used here excludes questionable data sources.

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Keep in mind the biological limits of THC production. This chemical ceiling rests somewhere around 30% or so THC by dry weight, and if you see any strains pushing far past that, you have every reason to be skeptical.

The question of which strain packs the most THC in a single flower will almost certainly be a matter of ongoing debate as more data is collected and assessed. For now, it’s clear that Ghost OG stands out among the resin-packed queens of 2017, but which varieties will ascend to the throne next?

Find Ghost OG Nearby


Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

A Record High 64% of Americans Say Cannabis Should be Legal

Cannabis legalization support continues to rise in the United States, as a new Gallup poll finds that 64% of adults believe that cannabis prohibition should end.

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The poll, taken Oct. 5-11, and is the highest level of public support Gallup has found in nearly a half-century of measurement, dating back to 1969. Back in 1969, only 12% of adults supported legalization. That support started to rise in the 1990s, and climbed steadily throughout the early 2000’s.

Justin Strekal, political director for NORML, the National Organization to Reform Marijuana Laws, said the new Gallup data shows that there’s no reason to keep cannabis federally illegal.

“At a time when the majority of states now are regulating marijuana use in some form, and when nearly two-thirds of voters endorse legalizing the plant’s use by adults, it makes no sense from a political, fiscal, or moral perspective to maintain the federal prohibition of marijuana,” Strekal said in a statement. “It is high time that members of Congress take action to comport federal law with majority public opinion and to end the needless criminalization of marijuana — a policy failure that encroaches upon civil liberties, engenders disrespect for the law, and disproportionately impacts communities of color.”

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Gallup’s data shows that the trajectory of Americans’ views on cannabis is similar to that of their views on same-sex marriage over the past couple of decades. The rates of support for both issues remained very similar throughout the 90s, and today, both garner 64% support in the US.

Another fascinating find by Gallup: The growing support of cannabis legalization among the GOP, with 51% of respondents who identify themselves as Republicans now expressing support for legalizing cannabis, up nine percentage points from 2016.

Graph from Gallup press release.

Poll Finds 71% Support in Connecticut

Another poll, released earlier today by Sacred Heart University, found that 71% of Connecticut residents support legalizing and taxing cannabis for adult use.

The poll, conducted on Oct. 3-12, surveyed 1,000 Connecticut residents from around the state. The pollsters found a strong increase from 2015, when support for legalizing was at 63%.

“An overwhelming majority of Connecticut residents support regulating and taxing marijuana,” said Sam Tracy, director of the Connecticut Coalition to Regulate Marijuana. “Elected officials should listen to their constituents and legalize marijuana in Connecticut, rather than continue to ignore this source of new jobs, new tax revenue, and improved public health. This is a clear mandate for the legislature to enact sensible marijuana laws to help the state create a workable budget.”


Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

Data Dive: Washington Tops $1.1 Billion in Cannabis Sales at 9-Month Mark

Cannabis sales in Washington state continue to grow at a steady rate, with total 2017 sales topping $1.1 billion at the end of September.

According to data released by the Washington State Liquor and Cannabis Board, over the past five months the state’s cannabis industry has broken a number of its own sales records, with monthly sales now exceeding $130 million.

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Sales in Washington state fluctuate month-to-month, with a bit of a dip in February, but the sales graph generally keeps moving up and to the right.

Chart courtesy of the Washington State Liquor and Cannabis Board.

Sales of extracts and solid edibles continue their rise in popularity:

In the above chart, the spike in sales in early 2016 coincided with the increase in retail cannabis licenses. In January 2016 the state Liquor and Cannabis Board (LCB) increased the cap on retail licenses from 334 to 556. The state LCB tracks dollar-amount sales of concentrates, edibles, and topicals, but not flower. The agency does track the production of usable marijuana, which it tallies in pounds, in the chart below.

Chart courtesy of the Washington State Liquor and Cannabis Board.


Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

Data Dive: Canadian Medical Marijuana Patient Total Tops 200,000

Canada’s medical marijuana industry continues to grow at steady rate, according to the most recent data released by Health Canada.

Several things stand out from the market report, but probably most notable is the number of medical patients topping 200,000. The majority of patients reside in Ontario and Alberta; Ontario contains 86,000 patients, and Alberta had 74,000  as of the end of this past June.

Province April Total Patients May Total Patients June Total Patients
Alberta 60,479 68,055 74,013
British Columbia 7,454 7,756 8,103
Manitoba 2,987 3,325 3,598
New Brunswick 5,284 5,511 5,748
Newfoundland and Labrador 1,853 2,027 2,162
Northwest Territories 112 123 125
Nova Scotia 7,685 8,087 8,737
Nunavut 47 45 46
Ontario 77,692 81,522 86,196
Prince Edward Island 739 782 831
Quebec 5,149 5,330 5,630
Saskatchewan 4,937 5,535 6,108
Yukon 85 102 101

One surprising figure: the low patient total in British Columbia. BC and Alberta are roughly comparable in population (3.8 million and 3.2 million, respectively), but Alberta has about nine times as many medical marijuana patients registered with Health Canada.

Province Adult Population (18+) Number of Patients Patients Per 1,000 Adults
British Columbia 3,867,520 8,103 2.10
Alberta 3,288,450 74,013 22.51
Saskatchewan 883,780 6,108 6.91
Manitoba 1,018,630 3,598 3.53
Ontario 11,194,980 86,196 7.70
Quebec 6,698,900 5,630 0.84
Newfoundland 433,870 2,162 4.98
New Brunswick 616,490 5,748 9.32
Prince Edward Island 119,470 831 6.95
Nova Scotia 778,020 8,737 11.23
Yukon 29,490 101 3.42
Northwest Territories 32,900 125 3.80
Nunavut 28,800 46 1.60

The agency’s data also tracks the amount of cannabis sold to patients in the first quarter of the 2017-18 fiscal year. In those three months, April-June, there was steady growth in cannabis sold, cannabis released for sale, as well as the amount of cannabis inventories at licensed producer’s facilities.

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Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

What Makes a Medical Cannabis Program Succeed?

The Significance of Smokeables

Most cannabis patients are accustomed to smoking or vaporizing raw cannabis, but not every state medical marijuana program allows for the sale of flower. As can be seen in the table above, states that prohibit the sale of cannabis flower have the lowest patient-to-population ratios.

Despite recently adding new qualifying conditions, New York and Minnesota permit only cannabis oils, topicals, concentrate pens, and other non-smokable products. In Pennsylvania, smoking or dispensing cannabis in “dry leaf” form is also currently prohibited—but provisions exist in the law to ease that restriction upon a recommendation from the Medical Marijuana Advisory Board. Without the ability to purchase medical cannabis flower, it is questionable that enough patients will register to make the program successful.

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The Importance of Access Points

Finally, investors and entrepreneurs must consider the number and distribution of dispensaries in a state. Although it might seem advantageous to be one of just a handful of dispensaries, limited access can backfire as a business model. If obtaining medical cannabis requires two hours of driving and waiting in line, for example, patients could be discouraged and end up making infrequent purchases, buying from illegal sources, or simply avoiding cannabis as treatment altogether.

While it’s clear numbers matter, the precise number of dispensaries needed for a market to succeed is less clear. States such as Colorado and Oregon have hundreds of dispensaries and are two of the most successful markets in the country. But it’s a complicated relationship: Nevada has only about 55 dispensaries and Illinois has 53—but the Silver State is considered a vibrant market while the Land of Lincoln struggles.

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The difference between those two markets likely results from the inclusion of chronic pain as a qualifying condition in Nevada, as well as the concentrated population centers of Las Vegas and Reno having easy access to dispensaries.

Too few dispensaries and a market simply stagnates. In Massachusetts, despite an inclusive set of qualifying conditions and an embrace of other factors needed to be successful (such as smokeable flower), the medical market has had trouble attracting patients because there are currently only a dozen dispensaries. That’s about one dispensary per 560,000 state residents. And until recently, none offered delivery services to more remote regions of the state.

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Cannabis markets are complex. Each one is unique. For a business to be successful and for a state market to be sustainable, stakeholders must consider multiple factors. The types of products and qualifying conditions included in the program are questions of greater relevance and importance than the size of the state’s population. And if the law is suboptimal, how hard and long will it take to improve the program? Are legislative changes needed to make it successful, or just regulatory adjustments? Most importantly, does the medical cannabis program offer enough benefits to attract the types of patients that drive a successful market?

With the right set of conditions, a medical marijuana market will drive hundreds of millions in cannabis sales each year and allow access to patients who need it. But in the wrong regulatory scheme, a cannabis license could end up being little more than an expensive trophy.

Photo credits: LPETTET/iStock, FatCamera/iStock


Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

Colorado Hits Billion Dollar Sales Mark in Nine Months

According to data from the Colorado Department of Revenue, the Rocky Mountain state sold over $1 billion dollars in cannabis through the first nine months of 2017.

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It took the state 10 months to reach the billion dollar mark in 2016. Sales totals through the first nine months of this year have reached a total of about $1.1 billion—the highest amount of total sales to date in the country.

When comparing the data to last year, through 9 months of sales Leafly found that Colorado totaled $942 million, with the totals in 2017 so far showing there was over a $100 million dollar increase in sales from the same time period, totaling $1,118,207,832.87 in sales.

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Through the first nine months of 2017, Colorado has seen a fairly steady increase from the year prior, with the state routinely breaking its total sales record in the past 6 months–first in March, and then in July, when the state totaled more than $136 million in total cannabis sales, when combining adult-use sales and medicinal marijuana sales.

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The state initiated a different taxing structure in July 2017, with the special sales tax rate for recreational marijuana sales increasing from 10% to 15%. The new law exempted adult-use cannabis sales from the 2.9% standard state sales tax rate.

Medical marijuana and accessories are still subject to that 2.9% special sales tax rate, however.


Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

DEA Report: Cannabis Seizures Climbed By Nearly 20% Last Year

With eight states voting to legalize some form of cannabis, the pace of cannabis legalization picked up in 2016—but enforcement action by the DEA showed no sign of slowing down. New data from the federal agency indicates cannabis seizures increased by 20% last year.

According to annual data in the DEA’s Domestic Cannabis Eradication/Suppression Statistical Report, agents confiscated more than 5.3 million cannabis plants in the United States during 2016.

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The 5,348,922 plants seized by the DEA was the most confiscated by the agency since 2011, when the agents confiscated over 6.7 million plants.

The value of seized property and cash also climbed last year. Asset forfeitures in cannabis eradication efforts totaled $51,937,207.01, almost doubling the amount seized in 2015 ($29,705,902.43).

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Nearly all the seized plants were on outdoor grows—only 7% of seized plants came from indoor operations.

As NORML Deputy Director Paul Armanto notes, the DEA’s eradication efforts centered on California, with 71% of the seized plants coming from that state. The agency recorded more than 3.77 million cannabis plants seized in the Golden State last year, a fairly large increase over 2015’s total of 2.64 million seized plants.

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Other states that saw a lot of cannabis seized included Kentucky, Texas, Florida, Tennessee, and West Virginia.

Kentucky saw over a half a million cannabis plants seized in 2016, along with 211 weapons also—one of the highest totals of any state. Texas, meanwhile had 333,000 plants seized in 2016, while Florida led the country in assets seized. In all, $23,905,180 in assets were seized in the state last year, nearly half the national total.

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Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

Data Dive: Breaking Down Maryland’s Medical Cannabis Industry By Race & Gender

It’s been a long, bumpy road for Maryland’s medical marijuana program, which voters first approved back in 2013.

Access to medical cannabis has been delayed by disputes over how the state awards its dispensary, cultivator, and processor licenses. Some of the potential licensees sued the state and the Maryland Medical Cannabis Commission (MMCC) because, according to the potential licensees, MMCC officials did not consider the racial diversity of the applicants, as is required under the original law.

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That law was aimed at boosting minority-owned business participation in the state’s developing industry. Historically, people of color have been far more greatly harmed by the war on drugs than white people; yet the owners of cannabis business licenses in America’s emerging legal industry tend to be far more white and male than the population at large.

In Maryland, state courts are currently reviewing two separate cases alleging that state regulators improperly picked grow license winners.

One of the unique aspects of Maryland’s medical marijuana law is a requirement to report and post data on the race, ethnicity, and gender of cannabis business owners and employees. Leafly has translated that data into a number of graphs, below, that give a bit of insight into how the state is doing with its allocation of licenses. For context, the population of Maryland is about 58% white and 42% minority.

According to the data, white men are the most likely demographic group to own a state-licensed cannabis grow operation. As the data point out, only 15% of grow operations are owned by minorities, and 23% are owned by women.

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There’s a similar divide among cannabis processors: 27% are owned by women, and 27% are owned by minority entrepreneurs.

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Among dispensary owners, the numbers break about 60% male, 40% female.

Here’s a look at the Maryland medical marijuana industry as a whole:


Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

Data Dive: Alaska Cannabis Sales Continue to Rise

The Alaska Department of Revenue is reporting record highs sales figures for August. The state collected $694,364 in cannabis taxes during that month, which is the most collected to date.

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August’s numbers also mean that it is the sixth consecutive month in Alaska that the state has set a new record for wholesale cannabis sales.

Cannabis sales continue to progress nicely, as summer tourism really helped ratchet up sales in the state. Also, it should be noted that the average amount of taxes paid by each cultivator has declined in recent months, as the total number of taxpayers in the cannabis industry grows.

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In August, the state recorded 734 pounds of cannabis bud sold by growers to retail stores. 444 pounds of other cannabis plant parts were also sold during the month.

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Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.