Tag: Industry

What to Look For In A Vape Cart Manufacturer

This article is sponsored by Transpring, a professional vaping device manufacturer and supplier.

As vaping gets more and more popular, there’s an ever-growing number of suppliers entering the market with cartridge refills featuring their own oils and extracts. And that’s great for the industry! A lot of these producers, after all, know a ton about cannabis and oil extraction.

A stock vape pen from Transpring. (Courtesy of Transpring)

When it comes to getting that product into a cartridge, though…maybe not so much. And it’s no wonder! Producing vape cartridges that hold their flavor and don’t leak is tough work and something that numerous companies are working full-time to perfect.

Since crafting a quality product means getting both cannabis and cartridge right, many extraction companies are turning to professional vape cartridge suppliers to make sure they’re going to market with the best refill available. To find a partner whose carts do justice to the oils you’re extracting, there are a few ground rules everyone should know.

Where to Start

Like so many things these days, if you’re looking for a cartridge manufacturer, you’re likely starting with a Google search. And that’s certainly not a bad instinct, but there are also other options to consider. Many reputable cartridge suppliers are already advertising in a host of cannabis industry publications.

What’s more, cartridge crafting is often an international concern, especially for US purveyors trying to keep their costs low. Instead of leaning on Google, you may try the search engine Alibaba, which can serve as a more direct line to seasoned suppliers in manufacturing hubs like China.

Know What You Need

Before you start talks with a manufacturer, it pays to do your homework. Are you looking for a traditional metal cartridge, or a design that employs environmentally friendly tempered glass like Transpring’s patented A3 cart? How should your customers be able to refill it? What kind of oil intake hole are you looking for?

Transpring’s A3 cartridges with a variety of mouthpieces. (Courtesy of Transpring)

This homework can also help you understand what kind of companies you’re dealing with. How do they stand by their work, for instance? Offering a guarantee to replace any defective cartridges is a good sign you’re dealing with professionals.

These may seem like little details, but each one can change the experience your users have with a cartridge. Don’t reach out until you’ve got a good idea of the sort of product you’re looking to develop and the details that will help you get there.

Getting in Touch

Since it’s likely your cartridge supplier will be in a different time zone—and maybe a very different time zone—you’ll likely be conducting a lot of business via email. That means it pays to deal with a supplier that comfortable and consistent in responding to your messages right off the bat.

A showroom in Transpring’s US offices. (Courtesy of Transpring)

These early emails not only provide a sense of how responsive your prospective supplier is to your needs; they also offer a chance to get some important questions answered. Does a supplier have minimum order numbers you’ll have to meet? And how might the size of an order affect not only the production timeline, but the price you pay? Most manufacturers offer a discount on larger orders—even in China, things are still cheaper by the dozen—but those large orders will take longer to fulfill. Your needs will dictate what sort of balance between cost and speed you can strike while not sacrificing quality.

Getting a sense of a supplier’s timeline and pricing structure—and what sort of wiggle room is available in both—makes sure everyone is starting this new partnership on the same page. It’s also a great chance to get a sample of the product you may be shipping to customers. After all, you wouldn’t buy a car without test driving it first—why would you order a batch of cartridges without having a sense of how they treat your customers?

Understand your Partner

If you do end up working with an international supplier, it helps to understand what their needs are as well. Get a sense of when important holidays take place and how they might impact production schedules. Chinese New Year celebrations, for instance, can slow things down for weeks at a time.

A Chinese New Year celebration in the Transpring offices. (Courtesy of Transpring)

When working with an international partner, it’s important to understand their limitations as well. Cannabis oil testing, for instance, is illegal in China. That makes it important for Chinese cartridge manufacturer to have a trustworthy research center in the United States. Domestic branches like these can improve testing and help smooth out communication.

Luckily, as long as you’re communicating well with a partner you trust, it should be no problem to build allowances for these cultural differences into your schedule.

Interesting in placing a cartridge order? Learn more at Transpring’s website.


Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

Five Things Canada’s Cannabis Act Will Legalize Besides Possession

By July 2018, adult-use recreational cannabis is scheduled to become legal across Canada—and it’s not just simple possession that’s being legalized. Here are five cannabis-related goods and activities that Trudeau’s  Cannabis Act will make legal for adult Canadians.

1. Bongs, pipes and other accessories will finally be legal

Wait, what? Bongs are illegal in Canada?! Yes, technically, though it’s a law that’s rarely enforced any more. With the Cannabis Act, this law will be amended so that the sale and possession of cannabis accessories will finally become completely legal. (Well, almost completely legal—entities selling cannabis accessories will be subject to rules restricting the promotion and display of such goods, particularly in regard to youth exposure and access.)

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Under the Cannabis Act, individuals will be able to give—but not sell—up to 30 grams of cannabis to other adults.

2. Growing your own and giving some to an adult friend

Just like they have it in Colorado, Canadians will be able to grow their own cannabis. In the initial version of the bill, Canadians were to be limited to four plants and a 100cm height limitation. In the revised version, the 100cm limit has been removed, though the four-plant limit remains. Under the Cannabis Act, individuals will be able to distribute—but not sell—up to 30 grams of cannabis to other adults. This would allow individuals to grow a little and ‘gift’ some to a friend. Just not for money.

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3. Wine cellars… but with cannabis

Under Canada’s legalization plan, there is no federal limit on the amount of cannabis one can possess privately in their own residence. What this little loophole may spur is anyone’s guess, but when I first mentioned this part of the proposed law on Twitter, I had more than one person exclaim that this could allow wine cellar-like cannabis collections. It probably wouldn’t look exactly like a wine cellar, but Canadian cannabis connoisseurs will be able to collect all the cannabis they can amass in their private residence—unless the country’s provinces decide to put such limits on it within their borders.

Under Canada’s legalization plan, there is no federal limit on the amount of cannabis one can possess privately in their own residence.

4. Weed weddings

Since states south of the border have legalized, cannabis-loving couples have been adding cannabis elements to their weddings. In Canada, throwing a cannabis wedding—where cannabis-infused products appear alongside alcohol at the bar and guests are given cannabis-flower parting gifts—appears to be something that will be legal. As long as you’re distributing under 30 grams to each guest–and as mentioned above, don’t “sell” it – you would not be violating the proposed federal law.

5. Personal extraction of cannabis using non-organic solvents

In 2015, a year after Colorado legalized adult-use recreational cannabis, the state followed up with a law banning the use of combustible organic solvents in cannabis extraction. In Canada, officials are restricting the use of organic solvents right out of the gate, but is otherwise allowing extraction of cannabis. It looks like the bill implicitly allows the use of non-organic solvents and solvent-free extraction devices, as long as you’re extracting it for your own use. (Look for Canada to see a rise in the sale of rosin presses and bubble bags.)

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So there you have it, five things the Cannabis Act will legalize beyond mere possession. A final word of caution: It’s possible that provinces and municipalities may enact their own offences and regulations closer to legalization date, so not everything is set in stone. (For example, there may be registration requirements for personal cultivation or other conditions.) Stay tuned.


Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

What Can Canada Learn from the US When it Comes to Cannabis Legalization?

In less than a year, The Cannabis Act will fulfill Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s campaign promise to make adult-use recreational cannabis legal nationwide. While many Canadians are excited for legal cannabis, plenty more are concerned about just what that legal system will look like, and what its potential pitfalls are.

US legalization has yielded a wealth of data on everything from traffic fatalities to underage use to enforcement costs, addressing many of Canada’s key concerns.

Recreational cannabis might be brand new to Canada, but plenty of US states have blazed this particular trail already. Indeed, many of the concerns being raised by Canadians are the same ones raised in Washington and Colorado in 2014. Since then, nine US states have legalized recreational cannabis.

These early-adopter states have yielded a wealth of data, on everything from traffic fatalities to underage use to enforcement costs, addressing many of Canada’s key concerns about legalization. While legalizing cannabis on a national scale is a challenge unique to Canada, there’s a lot to be learned from the US.

How Much Does Enforcement Cost?

Toronto Mayor John Tory has claimed that legalization will result in drastically increased law-enforcement costs for cities. His theory is that “a big part” of enforcement costs will fall to municipalities, which will face major increases in the cost of business licensing, by-law enforcement, and policing. Tory supports a special levy on cannabis to offset these costs.

US cities haven’t seen the astronomical rise in law-enforcement costs Toronto’s Mayor Tory is predicting.

However, US cities haven’t seen the astronomical rise in enforcement costs Tory is predicting. Washington’s largest city, Seattle, requires only about 3-4 dedicated employees to regulate cannabis. Those employees don’t represent a burden on the budget, as the city’s cost to regulate cannabis is only about $500,000 for 2017. It might make Tory happy to know that Seattle is also slated to get a $700,000 cut of cannabis taxes from the state this year, which he also called for in Toronto. As far as policing goes, legal cannabis doesn’t seem to be changing the budget process much.

“I can’t speak to this without data,” said Sgt. Sean Whitcomb, the Seattle Police Department’s communications director, but offered that, “We’ve had some significant cases [since legalization], but those are the same types of cases we’ve always had.”

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He’s previously stressed that his agency is primarily concerned with curbing youth access, busting big illegal grow ops, and enforcing DUI laws. Enforcement involving legal cannabis is not the SPD’s mission, according to Whitcomb.

Furthermore, contrary to Tory’s claims, cannabis legalization actually frees up law enforcement resources. According to a Drug Policy Alliance report from July 2015, written one year after the state’s first recreational cannabis sales, cannabis arrests decreased by 63%, from 6,196 in 2012 to 2,316 in 2014, with each arrest representing a cost of $1,000-2,000 to the government.

In general, legal cannabis more than covers the cost of regulation and enforcement.

In general, legal cannabis more than covers the cost of regulation and enforcement. The Washington State Liquor and Cannabis Board (WSLCB), the agency that regulates cannabis in Washington and handles all legal cannabis enforcement, had an annual operating budget of $34 million in fiscal year 2016, including $13 million for enforcement. Cannabis taxes and fees brought in $189 million, about six times more than the agency’s entire budget. About $90 million of that excess cannabis revenue went to funding the state’s Basic Health program to provide insurance to low-income families.

In Colorado, they’re really rolling in it, it seems. The city of Aurora was famously able to raise so much extra tax from the cannabis industry that it earmarked $4.5 million for homelessness programs. A report by the Council on Responsible Cannabis Regulation found that Colorado netted $66 million and $96 million in the 2014-2015 and 2015-2016 fiscal years, respectively, after accounting for enforcement and regulation.

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The prognosis for Canada cashing in is pretty good, too. According to a report by the C.D. Howe institute, Canada could rake in as much as $500 million USD per year from legal cannabis. That report also includes only the existing state and federal taxes, meaning that if cannabis is subject to an additional excise tax, as it is in most U.S. states where it’s legal, Canada could see even more tax revenue.

What’s the Deal with DUI?

Though low-level possession arrests are down in legal states, the question of how to deal with drivers who may be under the influence of cannabis remains a thorny one. According to the aforementioned DPA report, overall traffic fatalities decreased in Washington post-legalization, although no causality was established.

Regardless of whether cannabis causes more accidents, no one wants more people driving under the influence, no matter what substance is influencing them. Though every state has provisions regarding cannabis DUIs on the books, none can claim to have developed an effective enforcement method yet.

Of all the questions facing Canada, how to regulate DUI might be the one for which the US has the fewest answers.

In Washington, the limit is five micrograms (ug) per milliliter of blood. It’s the same in Colorado. These limits, while well-intentioned, have been confusing. For one, it’s nearly impossible to tell if that 5 ug was from five minutes ago or five days ago, as cannabis can linger in the bloodstream well after its effects have worn off.

Beyond that, it’s nearly impossible to tell how profoundly 5 ug might affect someone, because individual tolerances vary so widely with cannabis. Some people can ingest 800mg, take the bus to downtown Seattle, and film a Nazi being punched, while others eat 100mg and think they’ve become one with the wallpaper. As the director of traffic safety and advocacy for AAA, Jake Nelson, told the Washington Post, “There is no reliable number that has any meaningful value in terms of predicting impairment.”

Assessing impairment in Canada has previously fallen to Drug Recognition Experts, officers trained to perform field evaluations of suspects who might be driving on drugs. AAA prefers the DRE system, but Canada’s is woefully inadequate even for their current need.

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“The problem is that there are fewer than 600 trained DRE officers in Canada,” an article in the Ottawa Citizen concluded. “An assessment conducted in 2009 estimated that Canada needs between 1,800 and 2,000 and the training system isn’t equipped to pump out trained officers any faster.”

If Canada does decide to ease the demand for DREs with a ug/ml limit, it’ll face the same criticisms of the legal limits used by US states. Of all the questions facing Canada, how to regulate DUI might be the one for which the US has the fewest answers.

How Do You Keep It Away From Kids?

One of the other major objections raised by opponents of cannabis legalization in both the US and Canada has been that legalizing cannabis normalizes it in the eyes of teens, and ultimately leads to an increase in underage use. Legalization proponents argue that putting cannabis in tightly regulated retail outlets actually deters underage access.

Studies seem to support the latter view, with post-legalization surveys of teenagers in both Colorado and Washington showing steady rates of cannabis use or even slight declines.

If Canada’s 18+ age restriction is as vigorously enforced as age limits in the US, an increase in underage use from legalization seems unlikely.

Though Hamilton police chief Eric Girt complained in a town hall this summer that cannabis products in Colorado were “being marketed to kids” and cautioned that the same could happen in Canada, it’s worth noting that the state has had strict advertising rules in place to prevent any marketing efforts that might appeal to minors since 2013. Manufacturers are not allowed to use any packaging that appeals to children, and no cannabis business can advertise in a location frequented by minors: malls, arcades, sports venues—the interpretation is pretty broad. Ads can only be placed in publications or broadcast outlets for which “reliable evidence” exists that less than 30% of the audience consists of minors.

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Nearly the same rules are in place in Washington, and Canada’s bill includes similar language. If Canada’s 18+ age restriction is as vigorously enforced as age limits are in the US, an increase in underage use from legalization seems unlikely.

Indeed, it might even lead to the slight reductions enjoyed by US states who have legalized and regulated cannabis. While minors can always ask an older sibling to sneak them something from the store, it’s still an extra step they didn’t have to take before. Dealers definitely don’t check ID.

Can Legal Cannabis Compete With the Black Market?

Speaking of dealers, many of the concerns around tax rates in Canada are about more than just the cost of enforcement. Regis police chief Evan Bray told the CBC that he was worried tax rates on cannabis would be too high, which he theorized would be a boon for the back market.

Those concerns are not entirely invalid, as legal states have struggled to completely eliminate the black market. In Washington, the relatively high 37% state excise tax on cannabis has been cited as a major factor in the black market’s persistence. However, through increased volume and improved efficiency, legal cannabis has achieved price parity with the black market in many instances.

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However, many states have far lower tax rates. Maine has proposed a 20% tax, Oregon only takes 17%, and Massachusetts is even lower at 3.75%.

That said, one of the other major reasons the black market persists in the US is the piecemeal nature of legalization, which simply shunts drug dealers from one state to another. Even within legal states, certain cities and counties have banned legal cannabis, creating pockets of demand for the black market.

While the black market has persisted in the US, the cannabis-driven violent crime scare Jeff Sessions is constantly crowing about simply isn’t supported by data. Violent crime has decreased overall in both Washington and Colorado since legalization.

Legalization Is Looking Pretty Bright for Canada

Overall, legalization looks pretty good. Rather than exacerbating problems of youth access and violent crime, legalizing cannabis seems poised to alleviate them—and to raise quite a bit of tax revenue while doing it. Though it is still unclear how best to regulate cannabis DUIs, legalizing cannabis has at least pushed forward the study of how cannabis affects driving performance, and created a demand for devices that can reliably measure cannabis intoxication on the side of the road. A pilot program to study the efficacy of roadside saliva tests is already underway in Canada.

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There is still the difficult question of how to handle the international drug enforcement treaties to which Canada is a party, and whether that process might delay legalization. Domestically speaking, however, if things play out like they have in the U.S., legalization looks to be a win.


Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

Canadian Edibles Get a Green Light, Licensed Producers Rejoice

If approved by the House of Commons, the new amendment will ensure cannabis edibles and concentrates will be introduced to the Canadian market no later than 12 months after recreational cannabis becomes legal next summer.

The post Canadian Edibles Get a Green Light, Licensed Producers Rejoice appeared first on Leafly.


Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

What Makes a Medical Cannabis Program Succeed?

The Significance of Smokeables

Most cannabis patients are accustomed to smoking or vaporizing raw cannabis, but not every state medical marijuana program allows for the sale of flower. As can be seen in the table above, states that prohibit the sale of cannabis flower have the lowest patient-to-population ratios.

Despite recently adding new qualifying conditions, New York and Minnesota permit only cannabis oils, topicals, concentrate pens, and other non-smokable products. In Pennsylvania, smoking or dispensing cannabis in “dry leaf” form is also currently prohibited—but provisions exist in the law to ease that restriction upon a recommendation from the Medical Marijuana Advisory Board. Without the ability to purchase medical cannabis flower, it is questionable that enough patients will register to make the program successful.

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The Importance of Access Points

Finally, investors and entrepreneurs must consider the number and distribution of dispensaries in a state. Although it might seem advantageous to be one of just a handful of dispensaries, limited access can backfire as a business model. If obtaining medical cannabis requires two hours of driving and waiting in line, for example, patients could be discouraged and end up making infrequent purchases, buying from illegal sources, or simply avoiding cannabis as treatment altogether.

While it’s clear numbers matter, the precise number of dispensaries needed for a market to succeed is less clear. States such as Colorado and Oregon have hundreds of dispensaries and are two of the most successful markets in the country. But it’s a complicated relationship: Nevada has only about 55 dispensaries and Illinois has 53—but the Silver State is considered a vibrant market while the Land of Lincoln struggles.

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The difference between those two markets likely results from the inclusion of chronic pain as a qualifying condition in Nevada, as well as the concentrated population centers of Las Vegas and Reno having easy access to dispensaries.

Too few dispensaries and a market simply stagnates. In Massachusetts, despite an inclusive set of qualifying conditions and an embrace of other factors needed to be successful (such as smokeable flower), the medical market has had trouble attracting patients because there are currently only a dozen dispensaries. That’s about one dispensary per 560,000 state residents. And until recently, none offered delivery services to more remote regions of the state.

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Cannabis markets are complex. Each one is unique. For a business to be successful and for a state market to be sustainable, stakeholders must consider multiple factors. The types of products and qualifying conditions included in the program are questions of greater relevance and importance than the size of the state’s population. And if the law is suboptimal, how hard and long will it take to improve the program? Are legislative changes needed to make it successful, or just regulatory adjustments? Most importantly, does the medical cannabis program offer enough benefits to attract the types of patients that drive a successful market?

With the right set of conditions, a medical marijuana market will drive hundreds of millions in cannabis sales each year and allow access to patients who need it. But in the wrong regulatory scheme, a cannabis license could end up being little more than an expensive trophy.

Photo credits: LPETTET/iStock, FatCamera/iStock


Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

From Dry Sift To Pure Rosin in One Squash

In this four-part series, The Original Resinator and four partners discuss the equipment, support, and methods they use to produce pure and potent cannabis concentrates and extracts. Part 1 is sponsored by The Original Resinator, the largest capacity multi-use botanical extraction unit on the market, and Support the Roots, makers of the Sasquash Rosin Press.

For many cannabis users, concentrates like budder and shatter are a delicacy—something to be enjoyed on special occasions, and savored like a good meal. And just as with any good meal, ingredients matter, and you won’t find ingredients much finer than live resin, extracted directly from freshly harvested cannabis.

A batch of dry sift kief from a Resinator. (Courtesy of The Original Resinator)

The Original Resinator’s innovative freeze, fracture, and extraction process uses high-quality micron screens, powerful custom motors, and liquid CO2 to lower temperatures well below freezing, allowing users to harvest trichome-rich live resin quickly, efficiently, and without the use of solvents that many consumers aim to avoid. Sub-zero temperatures are great for any extraction, but especially helpful for extracting from live or uncured cannabis, where CBD and THC-A are at their highest levels. Frozen trichomes instantly fracture and then fall through the micron screen, so that you get the good stuff and leave the rest behind.

With The Original Resinator, pulling a big batch of dry sift kief from some killer flower is satisfying in the extreme—but it’s not the end of the road by a long shot. You can send that material for a second spin, this time with the addition of water and ice for a “bubble while you tumble” experience. Filter the resulting water through a series of micron-sifting bags and you’ll separate the liquid and plant material from the resin, coming away with potent, resinous bubble hash or live ice resin.

The Original Resinator can extract both of these concentrates from up to 15 pounds of flower or sugarleaf in as little as 20 minutes from setup to teardown, without using any harsh chemical solvents—just the power of physics.

Those beautiful batches of pure, clean kief and bubble hash are sights to behold; but they’re also ingredients in their own right. Like turning coal into diamonds, the right amount of heat and pressure applied with a rosin press can bring out the best in these concentrates—literally.

“Hash rosin and sift rosin is the most exciting way to make rosin. When you press hash and sift rosin properly, a river of oil comes pouring out that smells and tastes just amazing,” says Matt Ilich, president of Support the Roots, which manufactures the Sasquash Rosin Press.

Under pressure, live resin gets transformed into concentrate. (Courtesy of Support the Roots)

While a big batch of sift is impressive to behold, you’re going to need some serious machinery to unlock its full potential by crushing out the oils as delicious, dabbable concentrates. That’s where the Sasquash comes in. Fabricated in California, these presses use precision-machined steel plates to apply heat and pressure—up to 20,000 pounds of it—to material, squeezing the good stuff out of flower, kief, and hash alike. They also come in a variety of sizes suitable to a wide variety of applications.

“Our plate sizing is designed around commercial and manufacturing use,” says Ilich. “That means you can process a lot of product at once, while also carefully controlling the pressure, temperature, and plate speed—all essential factors in getting a good squish from dry sift or hash.”

What kind of extract you end up with depends on how you treat your hash or sift during a press. Low temperature presses will take longer to melt the trichomes, resulting in an extract like budder or crumble. Higher temperature operations melt material more quickly, producing more stable extracts like shatter. And keep in mind—temperatures are all relative, and materials like sift and hash should be pressed at lower temperatures than flower, between 150 and 210 degrees Fahrenheit.

Post-press extract from a Sasquash Rosin Press. (Courtesy of Support the Roots)

Whatever temperature you’re pressing at, though, you’ll want to apply pressure nice and slowly to avoid blowing out the bags that enclose hash and sift during a press extraction. Nothing can spoil a batch of budder or shatter faster than exploding a bag into it.

If you’re looking to get those stunning streams of amber oil running strong from the Sasquash, though, you need to start with the cleanest sift or hash available.

“The yield you get from sift or hash all depends on the purity of what you’re putting in. The less plant material, the more of a yield you’re going to get,” says Ilich. “The Resinator is a great product to make really pure sift from, so it goes hand in hand with a rosin press like the Sasquash.”


Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

Is Ontario’s Legal Cannabis Monopoly Constitutional?

The Supreme Court of Canada is about to consider the impact of the country’s legalization plan on the country’s interprovincial trade. Canada’s top court has accepted an application from cannabis-related companies to intervene in an upcoming case that some are saying could have wide implications for interprovincial trade in the country.

In 2016, Gerard Comeau of Tacadie, New Brunswick was fined almost $300 for bringing more than 14 cases of beer into the province. (New Brunswick is home to laws that restrict the amount of alcohol that can be brought across its border.) The charge was later overturned at the New Brunswick Court of Appeal, and a subsequent appeal by the Crown means the country’s top court will wade into the boozy feud.

“It is Cannabis Culture’s position that the LCBO’s control over all recreational cannabis distribution and sale is overly restrictive and amounts…to a form of interprovincial trade barrier.”

lawyer Kirk Tousaw

Now, Cannabis Culture, the marijuana lifestyle brand that once franchised its name to dispensary locations across Canada, has hired prominent cannabis lawyer Kirk Tousaw to apply as an intervenor in the Comeau case. Their application is also being submitted on behalf of 28 other corporations, which collectively operate what the application says are more than 350 cannabis dispensaries across the country.

In their application, Tousaw says that Cannabis Culture believes the upcoming ruling is “of pressing and substantial importance” because provinces “could create barriers to the free trade of cannabis products from Province to Province … and could constitute an infringement of s. 121 of the Constitution Act of 1867.”

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Tousaw is hoping to use the case to dismantle the Ontario government’s planned cannabis monopoly – or at least get the conversation going on it. “It is Cannabis Culture’s position that the [Liquor Control Board of Ontario]’s control over all recreational cannabis distribution and sale is overly restrictive and amounts … to a form of interprovincial trade barrier.” He submits that any province seeking to “exert exclusive control over the distribution and sale of cannabis and cannabis derivative products through a Provincial entity” is in effect creating such an unconstitutional trade barrier. The application asks the Supreme Court to confirm the decision of the New Brunswick Court of Appeal, which rejected the charge against Comeau.

(AP Photo/Jae C. Hong)

Tousaw is a bold cannabis litigator famous for defending the Smith case, which brought arguments over edibles and concentrates to the Supreme Court .

In that case, a man named Owen Smith was arrested for producing cookies and edibles for patients of a dispensary. In his defense, Tousaw strove for the moon, asking the Court to rule entire sections of the country’s drug rules be ruled unconstitutional and to find that cannabis should instead be regulated by the country’s Natural Health Products regime.

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Ultimately, Tousaw didn’t get everything he wanted, but the Supreme Court did rule in his client’s favour, finding that some provisions of Canada’s drug laws were unconstitutional to the extent that they prohibit individuals from procuring and consuming concentrated forms of cannabis as they need it.

Tousaw’s bringing similar determination to the Comeau case. It’s unclear if the Supreme Court will accept Cannabis Culture’s intervenor application, and even if they do, the Court may not seriously consider their arguments. It’s unlikely that the Supreme Court will even mention the word cannabis in their ruling, similar to the lower court decisions in this case.

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There are many parallels between this case and Canada’s proposed legalization plan, and it is likely that claims regarding interprovincial trade of cannabis will continue to be heard by the country’s courts. The 30-gram public possession limit contained in the Cannabis Act could be a significant barrier to interprovincial trade, since you can only cross provincial borders, well, in public.

Tousaw and Cannabis Culture don’t mention the 30-gram limit in their application, but ostensibly if the court confirms the Court of Appeal’s dismissal of the case, a challenge to the public-possession limit could be forthcoming. Stay tuned.


Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

Medical Marijuana Grower Gets Green Light in Pennsylvania

HARRISBURG, Pa. (AP) — A licensed grower and processor of medical marijuana in northwestern Pennsylvania became the first with the state’s approval to begin planting seeds Tuesday.

Democratic Gov. Tom Wolf’s administration said the Department of Health approved Cresco Yeltrah’s operations at its Jefferson County location, a former carbon graphite and metal graphite factory in Brookville that closed four years ago.

Tuesday’s approval makes the 40,000-plus-square-foot facility the first to be deemed fully operational in Pennsylvania’s medical marijuana program, which Wolf’s administration expects to start selling products in retail dispensaries next year.

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Pennsylvania Awards 12 Cannabis Grower-Processor Permits

With signoff on the facility’s growing operation, seed planting can begin. A full grow cycle takes approximately 120 days, during which the company said it will wrap up construction on the processing facility.

Cresco Yeltrah said it will grow a variety of over 30 genetic strains at the Brookville facility and will produce an array of pharmaceutical-grade marijuana products including vapor oils, transdermal patches and pills.

It expects the complete line of products to be available for patients statewide in February, it said.

The department expects 11 other licensed grower-processors to be operational in the coming weeks. It issued the permits in June, selecting the 12 winners from among 177 applicants. The department has also issued permits to 27 entities to operate retail dispensaries, including three to be operated by Cresco Yeltrah.

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Cresco Yeltrah is a partnership between Cresco Labs LLC of Chicago and the Hartley family, which owns various Butler-based glass manufacturing businesses.

Pennsylvania is the second state where Cresco Labs is operating. The firm began as a medical marijuana grower and processor in Illinois and is now the largest grower and processor there, with about 100,000 square feet at three facilities. Its products are sold in every dispensary in Illinois.

In Pennsylvania, patients could take marijuana in pill, oil, vapor or liquid form, but they cannot legally obtain marijuana to smoke or to grow their own. The law lists 17 qualifying diagnosed conditions, including HIV/AIDS, autism, cancer, chronic pain and Crohn’s disease.

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Physicians must be registered by the state to certify that a patient has an eligible condition, and a patient must get a Department of Health-issued ID card.

Wolf signed Pennsylvania’s medical marijuana program into law in April 2016. While retail sale is awaiting regulations and licensing, a safe harbor provision in the bill has allowed parents to avoid the wait by legally buying medical marijuana from another state for their children.


Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

4 Best Practices When Designing Your Cannabis Business Website

In the cannabis industry, business owners already face a constant uphill battle dealing with restrictive regulations, the ever-evolving state of the market, not to mention the long-held stigma of cannabis that has persisted in society for decades.

It’s crucial to put your best foot forward, and one of the best ways to do this is to create a professional and dynamic website for your cannabis business. Your website is often one of the first places potential customers will stumble upon, which is why it’s important to make a great first impression.

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Here are four tips to keep in mind when designing your business website.

1. Secure Your Website Domain

The first order of business is making sure you can get your company’s name in your website domain. This can be especially tricky considering that there is often a great deal of overlap for similarly titled dispensaries in the various legal cannabis markets. Find a way to make your dispensary stand out among the others, with a catchy tagline or uniquely designed logo. You may need to slightly alter your domain name by adding “collective” or “dispensary,” but make sure your company’s name stands out and can be easily found with a quick internet search.

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2. Think of the Children

In this era of legal cannabis, maintaining accountability is essential. Although the regulations for cannabis vary from state to state, one of the foremost tenets of the cannabis industry is a commitment to keeping cannabis out of the hands of those who are underage. With great privilege comes great responsibility! Keep this in mind when designing your website.

First and foremost, install an age-gate. It can be as simple as asking if the visitor is over the age of 21, or it can be more complex, requiring the visitor to enter their birth date to continue. Obviously, these age gates are not fool proof, but it’s a small, simple step that shows you are concerned with maintaining compliance.

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3. Choose Your Font Wisely

As any graphic designer will tell you, there are certain fonts that tend to irk people from the get-go. These tend to include such fonts as Comic Sans, and the dreaded Papyrus. Leafly’s own creative team opted to weigh in on the best and worst fonts.

Nick Ouellette named Bleeding Cowboys as the worst font on the market today, while Amy Phung implicated Curlz as her least favorite. As for the best? “Clearly Gotham,” said Ouellette. “There are other classics, of course, Garamond, Helvetica.” He paused. “I’m not a fan of Helvetica, personally, but that’s like saying I’m not a fan of Leonardo da Vinci.”

When it comes to a great font to display on your website, choose one with clear lines that is easily legible. It’s also wise to keep the font fairly large (or at least an option to enlarge it) for medical marijuana patients that may have visual impairments.

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4. Design With Intent

When considering how to design a beautiful, easily navigated, and functional website, look to your own favorite websites for inspiration. In order to avoid the inevitable stigma that has long plagued cannabis culture, we recommend steering clear of some of the older tropes and stereotypes: bikini babes holding fat blunts, spastic graphics, bad word art, and a website overly saturated with the emblematic cannabis leaf, in the style of this late 90s website.

Once again, be responsible and make conscious choices, particularly when it comes to graphics and logos. Do not offer any designs that could be seen as appealing to children. This includes images like toys, cartoons, and cute, cuddly creatures.

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Clean lines, clearly clickable icons, a menu that’s easy to navigate, and information that you know your clients want to see. Dispensaries – make it easy to find your menu, hours of operation, phone number, and location. If you’re a manufacturer, make it easy for visitors to find locations that offer your products.

Also, just to cover all of your bases, it may not be required by law (depending on your location) to explicitly state that cannabis is for adult use only; however, if you wanted to include a disclaimer somewhere on your site, it probably couldn’t hurt.


Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

Keep Tabs on California Wildfires with SF Chron’s Live Map

A week after deadly wildfires began to spread through Northern California’s dry hills, North Bay officials said this week that the effort to contain the flames finally has gained some traction.

“Conditions have drastically changed from just 24 hours ago, and that is definitely a very good sign,” Daniel Berlant, a spokesman for the California Department of Forestry and Fire protection, told ABC News on Sunday. “It’s probably a sign we’ve turned a corner on the fires.”

“A week ago this started as a nightmare,” added Napa County Supervisor Belia Ramos, “and the day we dreamed of has arrived.”

One of the best tools we’ve come across to keep tabs on the ongoing fires is the San Francisco Chronicle’s interactive map, which shows how the blazes have spread over the past week, destroying property and hurting nearby air quality.

(Courtesy of the San Francisco Chronicle)

Since they first began, the so-called Wine Country fires have become some of the most devastating in California history. They’ve killed at least 41 people, spurred the evacuation of more than 40,000 others, and destroyed upward of 5,700 structures. In Santa Rosa, a city in Sonoma County, even the local fire station went up in smoke.

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Devastating Photos Show Wildfire’s Toll on a California Cannabis Farm

The region’s cannabis cultivators have been among those hit hardest. Unlike other farmers in the area, cannabis growers generally don’t have access to crop insurance. Some lost entire crops just as the plants became ready to harvest. Industry leaders have estimated that damages could run into the hundreds of millions of dollars.

Drone footage posted by Facebook user Phillip Ung shows some of the damage to the region.

We’ve also put together a list of ways to help those impacted by the fire.

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Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.