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A People’s History of Cannabis Consumption

This article is sponsored by VaporNation – Your Online Vaporizer Superstore. Save 15% off your entire order at VaporNation with coupon code LEAFLY at checkout.

Vaporizers, edibles, and biologically engineered cannabis strains are the norm today. But according to scholars, the journey toward the perfection of cannabis consumption has lasted millennia. From bundles of incense and clay pipes to hand-blown glass pieces and the first ever vaporizer, humankind embarked on a long journey to get to today’s golden age of getting high.

The First Cannabis Toke in History

(Wikimedia Commons)(Wikimedia Commons)

Ancient peoples likely discovered the psychoactive effects of cannabis by accident after casting the herb onto their campfires. From there, the natural progression was to burn it in incense form. The first documented indication of early marijuana use dates back 5,000 years to an ancient burial site in Romania, where a “smoking cup” containing burnt hemp seeds was discovered. Around the same time, cannabis was also recommended in China for maladies from malaria to menstrual cramps.


New Research Sheds Light on Cannabis’s Bronze Age Roots

The transition from incense to pipe is relatively recent: it wasn’t until the late 15th century, when Europeans journeyed to the New World and witnessed Native Americans smoking tobacco, that pipe smoking became popular. Eventually, pipe smokers began imitating the practice of smoking tobacco using cannabis instead. The habit quickly spread through Asia, Africa, and Europe.

Smoking Marijuana in the Prohibition Era

History of Cannabis Consumption & Vaporizers

As we move further through the annals of history, you’ll notice that the concept of marijuana as an evil drug is a fairly recent invention. The historic anomaly of marijuana prohibition began with the Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 and reached its pinnacle with the Controlled Substances Act of 1970, which classified cannabis as a Schedule One substance.


Did the Industrial Value of Hemp Spark Cannabis Prohibition?

The Marihuana Tax Act had a huge impact on the way Americans consumed cannabis. Suddenly, smokers had to keep the practice under wraps or risk arrest for possession. This is when the spliff, a mixture of cannabis and tobacco wrapped in rolling paper, began to rise in popularity. Spliffs could easily pass for tobacco cigarettes, and they were easy to discard on the spot. Cannabis consumers continue to be conscientious today – even on the cusp of legalization – which fuels a market for vaporizers disguised as everything from car key fobs to asthma inhalers.

Glass Pipes and the 1960s Counterculture

History of Cannabis Consumption & Vaporizers

The dawn of the 1960s brought about a cultural shift that echoed worldwide. This revolution of ideals led to widespread disregard for the moral and societal values of previous generations. The use of cannabis spread within this counterculture as individuals began to question the reasons behind the plant’s prohibition. Smoking cannabis became more than recreation: soon, it was seen as an assertion of liberty. Before long, artists, laborers and skilled craftsmen were creating better tools for indulging in this new freedom.

Enter the era of the water pipe, a modern take on an ancient device which moisture-conditioned and purified smoke via water filtration. The “godfather of glasswork,” Bob Snodgrass, began handcrafting glass pipes while tagging along on a Grateful Dead tour. Snodgrass and other glassblowers and artisans crafted these devices expressly for use with cannabis, a first since prohibition had begun. The next stage in the evolution of cannabis consumption had arrived.

Medical Use of Cannabis After Prohibition

History of Cannabis Consumption & VaporizersMagic Flight Muad-Dib

Even as the flower power era was coming to an end, the counterculture movement had made headway on changing society’s perception of cannabis. In the 1970s, the first synthetic cannabis alternative, Marinol, was produced. A few decades later, medical and independent research on cannabis had begun to make major advancements. For the first time, growers began experimenting with the plants’ potency.

Out of this exploration, the use of concentrates such as butane hash oil (BHO) and bubble hash also grew more popular. Meanwhile, as cannabis use was refined, smokers sought a healthier alternative to the combustion methods by which cannabis was at that point most commonly consumed. The popularity of vaporizers, which heat cannabis below the point of combustion to release their cannabinoids and terpenoids for inhalation, thus began to rise.


Explore the Diverse World of Cannabis Oil and Concentrates

The Era of Vaporizers for Cannabis

History of Cannabis Consumption & VaporizersKandyPens MINI

Today, cannabis consumption has been honed to a science. Edibles, which date back to 10th century India, have reached gourmet level, with an ever-growing array of beverages, baked goods, and even gummy bears in varying potencies. Expansive menus of lab-bred strains and extracts are available in many states. To enjoy products like cannabis flower and concentrates in a healthy way, the electronic vaporizer extracts nearly every flavor note, aroma, and cannabinoid from dry herb and wax without the harmful by-products of combustion.

The evolution of the vaporizer has been a centuries-long process, beginning with ancient hookahs, moving through such advancements as “Eagle” Bill Amato’s 1993 Shake and Bake glass-on-glass pipe all the way to the 2000 launch of the Volcano desktop vaporizer, and beyond. One of the latest, greatest devices for medical and recreational cannabis enthusiasts alike is the portable vaporizer, which has quickly become one of the most popular methods of consumption thanks to its health benefits, convenience, cost-effectiveness, and discreet nature.

Best Portable Vaporizers on the Market

History of Cannabis Consumption & VaporizersSource Nail

Among other things, portable vapes simplify the popular practice of dabbing, which usually requires a stationary dab rig and butane torch to vaporize wax at high temperatures. Vaporizers like the Source Nail are designed specifically for vaping oily wax at high heats like a dab rig does, but unlike a standard dab rig, they can be used nearly anywhere. The Source Nail utilizes a 40W TC mod battery with a glass bubbler and globe attachments to deliver the intensity of a dab rig session in a unit that fits in your pocket. It also features precision temperature control, so users can zero in on a thermal sweet spot. The portability of vaporizers like the Source Nail is ideal for dab rig users with busy lifestyles – which accounts for the growing popularity of handheld vaporizers.


The Best Dab Rig for You

Portable wax vaporizers like the Magic Flight Muad-Dib (pronounced maw-deeb) do a lot with a little, saving money for those who use them. Miniature yet mighty, the Muad-Dib vaporizer is capable of vaporizing concentrates at an infernal 900˚F, much hotter than the majority of vaporizers out there. For such a compact unit, the Muad-Dib vape can produce intensely flavorful, lung-expanding vapor from a single drop of wax. Vaporizers like the Magic Flight Muad-Dib enable users to enjoy intense draws while conserving the contents of their wax jar. The cost-effectiveness of portable vapes like the Muad-Dib is another reason why handheld devices have exploded in popularity lately.

Smokers who want to keep their concentrate use low-key turn to wax pens. The KandyPens MINI is an example of how discreetly compact but powerful a wax pen can be. It features a 950 mAh lithium-ion battery, a deep dish chamber for larger bowls, and a ceramic coilless atomizer that heats concentrates “slow and low” to prevent combustion. The KandyPens MINI wax pen is exceptionally small, fitting in the palm of your hand.

Each of these vaporizers exemplifies the qualities that attract cannabis users to vaporization today. But how will the public consume cannabis tomorrow?

The Future of Cannabis Consumption

History of Cannabis Consumption & VaporizersFirefly 2

The future of cannabis consumption may well lie with vaporization. It is healthier, more cost-effective, and more convenient than combustion-based methods of enjoying cannabis.

Portable vapes like the Firefly 2, widely marketed as the “iPhone of vaporizers,” offer a glimpse of what’s to come on the vaporizer market. With a sleek, minimalist design, intuitive usability (featuring touch-sensor control buttons and a magnetic lid for easy loading), and advanced technology like Bluetooth compatibility for mobile app control, the Firefly 2 really does look and feel like something Steve Jobs dreamed up.

What will vaporizers look like five years from now? Based on vapes like the Firefly 2, KandyPens Mini, Muad-Dib, and Source Nail, the market is trending toward much smaller, more powerful wax pens and portable vaporizers than we’ve ever seen before.

Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

Three Lives Transformed by Post-Legalization Pardons of Cannabis Offenses

This article is sponsored by Marley Naturalthe official Bob Marley cannabis brand, which is crafted with deep respect for Bob’s legacy and belief in the positive potential of the herb to heal and inspire us. Marley Natural offers a premium line of cannabis flower, oil, accessories, and body care products that are all responsibly sourced and integrity-driven.

“Just last week somebody went away for 30 years for carrying a gram of cannabis. If that person had just been in a state where it was medicinally or recreationally legal, they would be free … There is no justice in that.” –Dr. Rachel Knox, Medical Chair, Minority Cannabis Business Association

As voters in nine states sit down to consider adult-use or medical cannabis legalization, it’s important to remember that legalization doesn’t just clear a path for overarching economic and public health benefits; it also opens doors for those whose cannabis-related criminal records have long kept them out of the running for jobs, student loans, housing, and even custody of their own children.

Expungement of Cannabis Convictions Changes Lives

Three Lives Transformed by Post-Legalization Pardons of Cannabis Offenses – Marley Natural

In the wake of successful legalization in states like Oregon, Marley Natural – the official Bob Marley cannabis brand – sees an opportunity to help those with past cannabis convictions piece their lives back together. Rise Up Expungement Day, recently held by Marley Natural in partnership with the Minority Cannabis Business Association (MCBA), walked non-violent offenders in Oregon through applying for expungement of cannabis-related convictions. All costs and application fees were covered by Marley Natural.

“Marley Natural strongly believes in empowering those harmed by the effects of cannabis prohibition,” said Berrin Noorata, director of marketing for Marley Natural. Jesce Horton, chairman of the MCBA, agreed. “We’re doing programs like this collaboration with Marley Natural to make sure that we are helping what prohibition has caused,” he explained. “There are still a lot of people in prisons suffering from arrest for doing things that are now legal.”

The stories below, shared on Expungement Day, remind us of the power of legalization to help make reparations for the devastating consequences of the Drug War. “Of all the things I’ve volunteered for, this is the most noble,” said JoDee Lackey, who helped out at Rise Up Expungement Day. “I have no ulterior motive. I’m here for them.” Lackey reflected on the fact that it could have easily been her applying for expungement, rather than assisting others. “I’m 73 in November, I was smoking during the years of prohibition … when I could have been in prison and lost my children,” she explained. “I have to be grateful that I’m here now and able to do this.”

Expungement Day Participants Share Their Stories

Marley Natural Expungement Day in Portland, Oregon

Name: Sara

Age: 37

From: Salem, Oregon

“I’m not often early, but I arrived half an hour early for this Expungement Day. I’ve been struggling ever since I got this felony in 2012. I lost the house I was living in for 11 years and my children were taken away from a stable home – having a felony makes getting a job so much harder.

I was just using cannabis to medicate and didn’t have a medical card. I’ve tried so many medicines that the doctors prescribe me that have just made me sicker with the worst side effects. Because I want to work in human services, having a felony hinders you from being able to get a job in that industry because it sounds like you’re a real criminal. Getting my record expunged today is going to change my life so much for the better.”

Name: Jordan

Age: 22

From: Portland, Oregon

“When I found out that I qualified [for Expungement Day], I flipped out! You guys are going to change my life. I was in high school and I decided to bring some pot to a friend’s house and was caught with it. Now I can actually apply for my Bachelor’s and get a job!

Up until today, I was going to graduate with a Master’s in Social Work, be about $20,000 in debt and not be able to get a job in my field – all because of a mistake I made when I was 18. I feel like I shouldn’t have been punished for the rest of my life for something that happened when I was 18; I’m a completely different person now.”

Name: Colette

Age: 29

From: Portland, Oregon

“I’ve had this misdemeanor since 2008. It’s been tough. The hardest thing was finding employment and having something like this on my record. This follows me and I’m trying to better myself.

I was finally able to get a job working with the NAYA – the Native American Youth and Family Association. I’m honored to be an employee in general but especially there. The cannabis charge has been a big barrier for me job-wise. I’m looking forward to getting help today and having this opportunity to change my life and be free of this major block.”

For more information on Rise Up and how you can help, visit Marley Natural’s website.

Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

How to Clean and Take Care of a Bong or Bubbler

This article is sponsored by The Dab Lab, a California-based online head shop dedicated to bringing you the best dab rigs, pipes, and glass bongs. Whether you are looking for cheap or heady glass, they’ve got you covered!

Bongs and bubblers are great; cleaning them, not so much. Some individuals with more cash than patience will even go so far as to buy a new bong instead of cleaning an old one. Most cannabis consumers won’t take things quite to that extent, but the fact of the matter is that there’s some truth to the dirty-bong-on-the-coffee-table stereotype: after all, depending on your methodology, removing resin from water pipes can range from inconvenient to impossible.

Fortunately, this doesn’t have to be a chore. With a few preventative measures and the right cleaning products, crystal-clear glass can be the norm for your bongs and bubblers. The following guide will help you get your glass clean and keep it that way; below, you’ll learn about common glass complaints that can easily be avoided.

Step-By-Step Guide to Cleaning a Water Pipe

How to Clean a Bong, Bubbler or Water Pipe

  1. Pour out the dirty water and flush the inside of the bong or bubbler with warm, clean water. Empty the water out.
  1. Pour a cleaning solution into your bong. There are many different cleaning solutions available, including isopropyl alcohol and salt, but we prefer a solution designed specifically for cleaning resin out of pipes, such as Formula 420.
  1. Cover the openings of the bong or bubbler. You can use your hands or paper towels, but products designed specifically for water pipes, such as Resolution silicone cleaning caps, work best.
  1. Shake the bong vigorously until all of the resin is removed from the glass and floating in the cleaning solution. Letting the solution soak for a little while first can help loosen the resin up, but you don’t necessarily have to wait.
  1. Sometimes you will get a spot or two that are particularly stubborn. To get these spots off, try a pipe brush. If you can’t reach them with a pipe brush, try a Bong Buddy.
  1. Pour the cleaning solution out and rinse the inside of the bong with warm water. If your glass looks hazy or filmy on the inside, wash it one more time with a little fresh cleaning solution, then rinse once more with warm water.
  1. Fill with fresh filtered water, load, and enjoy!

Bong Care: How to Prevent Mold, Water Stains, and More

How to Take Care of a Bong, Bubbler or Water Pipe

Water Stains

Using unfiltered spring or tap water in your water pipes can lead to water stains because of the mineral content. These marks can be difficult to remove, but luckily they’re easy to avoid in the first place. To prevent them, always use filtered water to fill your bong. It’s also a good idea to use filtered water during the cleaning process, but this isn’t required – just be sure to rinse with filtered water when you’re done cleaning.

Mold Stains

These are the worst – not only are they gross, they’re also very difficult to remove. As such, it’s best to avoid them altogether. Changing the water in your bong or bubbler daily, and doing a thorough cleaning about once a week, will help to prevent them.


There are only a couple ways to remove a scratch from glass. These methods are fairly complicated processes that call for specific tools, and you run the risk of deforming or breaking the bubbler in the process. Let’s start with an obvious tip to prevent scratches in the first place – be careful! Keep a bong pad nearby to prevent scratches on the bottom of your bong, and if you plan to travel with your glassware, be sure to pack it in a padded bong bag or hard case.


This is probably the most important thing to prevent. If you knock your bong over or drop it, there’s a good chance it will break – and if you break your bong, you can’t use it! It’s obvious, of course, but always be careful with bongs and bubblers. Keeping your glassware in a bong bag or hard case when not in use will minimize the chance of breakage.

For a full selection of water pipes and cleaning supplies, visit The Dab Lab.

Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

How to Choose the Best CBD E-Liquid for Vaping

Strains & Products 

Cannabis strain and product insights with curated strain lists, new devices, and other fun facts.

How to Choose the Best CBD E-Liquid for Vaping

This article is sponsored by CV Sciences, Inc. CV Sciences is one of the leading suppliers and manufacturers of agricultural hemp-derived CBD bulk and finished products, namely their PlusCBD Oil and Purified Liquids brands.

So you’ve figured out that vaping CBD is the way to go. But with an abundance of CBD vape products out there, how can you be sure you’re getting the best bang for your buck?

“Should I Be Vaping CBD?”: Why Vaporization Works Better Than Ingestion

The problem with being on the frontier of an industry is that there are a lot of people still trying to figure things out. This couldn’t be more true than in the overlap between CBD and vaporization, two mainstream product categories that hardly existed a decade ago.

Since clear regulations for CBD vape products, particularly e-liquids, are still in the process of being established, it’s ultimately up to the consumer to decide what standards they want their product to live up to. While numerous factors can impact your experience with vaporizing CBD, the following five questions are the most important to consider.

Is the CBD E-Liquid Homogenous?

How to Choose the Best E-Liquid for Vaping CBD

“Homogenous” means “the same throughout.” Essentially, you should be looking for a product that is well mixed and uniform, and does not separate into different layers. Separation is a major issue in CBD vaporizer liquids right now, as formulators are fighting an uphill battle against the laws of chemistry. Much in the same way olive oil refuses to mix with vinegar, CBD refuses to mix with the majority of e-liquid bases on the market. This type of separation begets uneven dosages when added to your pen, making it difficult to control how much CBD you consume.

Is the E-Liquid Cloudy or Clear?

In general, the clearer the better. A well made e-liquid should be crystal clear, allowing light to pass through unhindered. You don’t drink bottled water that is murky, so why would you ingest dirty e-liquids? Thankfully, this characteristic is readily apparent as soon as e-liquid is dispensed. The bad products will look cloudy, thick, syrupy, and downright unappetizing.

Does the Product Meet Label Claims?

How to Choose the Best E-Liquid for Vaping CBD

Unfortunately, unscrupulous producers often see value in undercutting consumers on CBD content, since their cost is based primarily on milligrams of CBD contained in each product. In a young, still minimally regulated industry, there is no shortage of companies falling short of label claims for CBD. As such, it’s all the more important for consumers to be vigilant in confirming that products match up to their label claims. Ask to see test results: the only way to really know whether the product measures up is through reputable third party laboratory testing. If the product manufacturer isn’t willing to provide those results, don’t buy the product.

Will it Work in Your Vaporizer?

One of the major technical issues with CBD e-liquids is specific to CBD oil that is infused with vegetable glycerin (VG). Especially when the liquid is not homogenous, the oily CBD layer that separates from VG can wreak havoc on vaporizer tanks, especially those that rely on a cotton wick to soak with liquid. The oil tends to dry out and harden on the wicks, which can render the tank unusable.

You can get around this either by opting for a tank with a ceramic heating element, or simply choosing a liquid that is fully homogenized and proven to work in any kind of vape pen.  Also, be sure not to confuse e-liquid bottles with disposable vape cartridges. The latter, while convenient, won’t work with every vape battery, are not refillable, and are not recyclable, meaning they will eventually end up in a landfill.

Is the CBD Responsibly Sourced?

Best CBD E-Liquids for Vaping
There is no such thing as too much information about where your CBD comes from. Transparency is crucial when dealing with any CBD provider, and you want to make sure there is full traceability from seed to shelf. Make sure that whomever you are purchasing from provides quality documentation on its products and implements high standards in every aspect of its manufacturing process. Ensure that the product is free from microbiological contamination, pesticides, residual solvents, and heavy metals – none of which you want to be inhaling.

Remember, at the end of the day, it’s up to you to make an informed decision on what kind of product you want to buy. Vaping CBD can be a fun and efficient way to help balance your endocannabinoid system, but you can maximize its effects by selecting a quality liquid that suits all of your needs.

Andrew Pham currently serves as the Lead Scientist at CV Sciences, Inc. He was formerly the Lead Scientist at SC Laboratories, a prominent third party analytical testing lab. He is also an executive member of the Cannabis Chemistry Subdivision (CANN) of the American Chemical Society.

The post How to Choose the Best CBD E-Liquid for Vaping appeared first on Leafly.

Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

The Science of Sativa Cannabis Strains

This article is sponsored by The Bloom Brand. The Bloom Brand is the leading cannabis lifestyle brand in Southern California, striving to set the standards of consistency and quality for concentrate products in the market today.  

If we’re stereotyping cannabis strains, sativas can be thought of as the “uppers” of the cannabis world – more energetic, clear-headed, and motivating than their relaxing and often couch-locking indica cousins. But why is that the case? What makes Super Lemon Haze better for going about your day than, say, Granddaddy Purple?

What is the Difference Between Sativa and Indica Strains?


From a scientific perspective, the genetic differences between sativa and indica are hard to pin down. Physically, sativa plants grow tall and thin while indica plants are short and wide. Some studies have indicated that indicas in general have a higher level of CBD while sativas contain more THC; however, these studies have not been conclusive. The line between Cannabis indica and Cannabis sativa was originally drawn taxonomically using Carl Linnaeus’s naming system. Sativas were the original cannabis strains discovered in Europe, and were classified by Linnaeus himself; indicas were later discovered in India, hence the name.

But if the distinction began largely as one of etymology and origin, why do we observe such a noticeable difference between the effects of each strain type? The observed effects of sativas and indicas vary, as noted by thousands of cannabis users, and certain properties have come to be associated with each strain type. While there are plenty of exceptions, the easiest way to generalize the difference is that sativas offer a more pronounced “mind high” while indicas tend to be experienced as more of a “body high.”

How Terpenes Impact Sativa and Indica Effects

Essential oil arborvitae (thuja) and fresh sprig on a dark wooden table

Terpenes, the aromatic essential oils produced by all cannabis plants, give each strain its unique set of smells, flavors, and characteristics, and seem to offer the clearest explanation for the variance in observed effects of these two cannabis categories. For example, pinene is a terpene that smells like evergreen trees, whose reported effects include alertness, memory retention, and general euphoria. One of the most popular sativa strains, Jack Herer, is known to have a heavy concentration of pinene among its terpenes. The majority of Jack Herer users agree that the strain makes them feel creative, uplifted, and energetic.

How exactly do terpenes impact your experience with a given strain type? While plenty of research has yet to be done, scientists know that the human brain has a concentration of receptors that are affected by THC. When you smoke, vape, or dab, these receptors activate and help create the “high” feeling that you experience. Once terpenes are present, they can change the way THC interacts with the brain’s receptors. The type of terpenes, along with their relative concentrations, can help determine what kind of high you experience, as well as how intense your high is.

Sativas tend to contain a higher concentration of terpenes such as pinene and limonene that can create an uplifting, euphoric “high” experience. They also have a low concentration of terpenes such as myrcene, which is found frequently in indica strains and is considered to have sedative effects. This explains why indica is associated with the feeling known as “couch-lock.” Although there are exceptions to the rule, and although different phenotypes of the same strain can produce buds with varying terpene concentrations, the distinction in the mix of these terpenes can help shed light on the differences between sativas and indicas.

Consuming Sativa Strains

Sativas can be used in a wide variety of applications. Because they tend to stimulate creativity, artists gravitate towards these strains to help inspire their work. Athletes can use sativa as a supplement in their workouts because it allows them to feel alert without worrying about the sluggish effects of an indica. Working professionals may gravitate toward sativas because they promote mental acuity and counteract the effects of working in front of a computer for the majority of the day.

That said, in a market where regulations vary widely, a gram of Jack Herer from one grower may differ markedly in cannabinoid and terpene content from that of a grower a few miles down the road. Yet while the characteristics of cannabis flower depends greatly on controlling factors like moisture content, seed origin, light exposure, and so forth, concentrate producers can guarantee and replicate a product with exact amounts of various cannabinoids and terpenes, which ultimately determine the product’s effects. For the consumer, cannabis concentrates may be the most consistently effective ways to experience the desired effects of sativa strains.

The Bloom Brand & Living Active


Due to the lack of overarching regulation in the cannabis industry, it’s important to chose the right producer of concentrates. One vendor that has been extremely effective at producing a consistent cannabis product is The Bloom Brand, which specializes in concentrate cartridges for portable vaporizers and focuses explicitly on consistency in the end product. While most concentrate vendors don’t set out to replicate the exact characteristics of the strain they extract from, The Bloom Brand takes special care to ensure that each of their available strain-specific concentrates have terpene profiles that match the original strain at a one-to-one ratio. As such, The Bloom Brand’s concentrates offer effects entirely consistent with the effects of the original strain.

The Bloom Brand is dedicated to promoting active lifestyles with its sativa concentrates. Whether you use sativas in a social setting or as a supplement to a workout, these strains help promote problem-solving and productivity. In a way, sativa strains are helping blaze the trail toward cannabis legalization as they combat stoner stereotypes and appeal to a wide audience of everyone from world-class athletes to business executives.


Russo, E. B. (2011), Taming THC: potential cannabis synergy and phytocannabinoid-terpenoid entourage effects. British Journal of Pharmacology, 163: 1344–1364.

Watts, G. (2006). Cannabis confusions. BMJ : British Medical Journal,332(7534), 175–176.

Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

Quality Vape Pens: How to Choose the Safest and Best Vaporizer

This article is sponsored by SOURCEvapes: Experience True Taste.

The vaporizer market is growing at a breakneck pace; such a pace, in fact, that regulation of the industry can hardly keep up with new products entering the market. While there are plenty of scrupulous brands out there, it’s an open secret that not all vaporizers are created equal.

As a consumer, it’s important to consider everything from a product’s materials to its claimed capabilities as you’re shopping for a new wax vape pen. What’s there to know? The following are the five most important factors to keep in mind to choose the highest quality portable vaporizers or vape pens as you browse different brands.

Look for Pure Titanium, Not Titanium Alloy


One of the most common selling points posited by vape pen manufacturers is the use of titanium in constructing the wax pen or eRig. Unfortunately, not all titanium is created equal. The fact of the matter is that high-quality titanium – including Grade 1 and most Grade 2 titanium – is expensive, and many who claim to use it actually utilize titanium alloy (or worse, something else entirely).

“If you see a wax pen coil labeled as titanium without stating the grade of titanium, it’s usually an unknown alloy,” says Robert Kayvon, President of Operations at SOURCEvapes. “The problem with random metal alloys is that many aren’t tested, and the long-term health effects are unknown.”

Vaporizer coils can be made from varying grades of titanium, titanium alloy, nichrome, kanthal, or unknown alloys, depending on the manufacturer. There can even be variations within specific grades of titanium. Grade 2 titanium, for instance, can contain anywhere from 0.00% iron to 0.30% iron; the more iron, the lower the titanium’s quality.

Even companies that don’t intend to deceive consumers are not always aware of what material their manufacturer is providing – on occasion, a vendor who believes his or her product contains pure titanium is being deceived by a manufacturer looking to maximize profit margin. Ideally it’d be easy for vendors or even consumers to test their products and determine whether they use the materials that they claim, but it’s more difficult to test those claims than you might expect. Testing titanium, for one, requires more of the material than is generally present in a single vape pen.

As a consumer, there are a couple of things you can do to ensure you’re getting a high-quality product. First, be aware that most pure titanium atomizers will only work with sub-ohm batteries because of their low resistance. If you see a vaporizer that claims to use Grade 1 or Grade 2 titanium but uses a standard e-cigarette battery, be wary. Second, never be afraid to ask a vendor for a composition test of the materials in their vape pen or portable eNail. If they refuse to provide testing results, don’t buy the product.

Know the Limits of Temperature Control Technology


Many vendors claim their vaporizer batteries offer the user a greater degree of temperature control than they’re actually capable of ensuring.

Like titanium, batteries that truly ensure temperature specificity to within a few degrees are expensive and tricky to produce. With the exception of a few brands, most so-called temperature control batteries simply target a temperature by sending a certain amount of voltage through the atomizer coil. Depending on how long you hold down the button on the vaporizer, the temperature may continue to rise far beyond the temperature you’re targeting, and you may lose the delicate flavors and effects of the terpenes and cannabinoids being burned off from your flower or concentrate. “Temperature estimation” would be a more accurate way of describing what these batteries do.

Steer Clear of Teflon in Vaporizers


As portable vaporizers and 510 eNail units first began capturing market share in the newly legal adult-use cannabis industry, some brands and designs used polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) – more commonly known by its trade name, Teflon – as a non-stick coating on certain parts of the products.

It quickly came to light that Teflon can melt during use and exude dangerous chemicals and gases, including polymer fumes. Such fumes can result in health conditions like polymer fume fever (informally known as Teflon flu). While most well-known brands have been forced to alter their products to remove Teflon entirely, be sure to check that any product you’re considering purchasing does not include Teflon.

Know the Differences Between Atomizer Materials


Various materials can be used to craft a vape pen atomizer, including quartz, ceramic, copper, titanium, and titanium alloys. It’s important to know the benefits and limitations of each one.

Quartz atomizers (preferably coil-less ones) are generally believed to offer the best efficiency and smoothest taste of all four materials. Ceramic atomizers, while safe to use, don’t yield vapor hits as large as those delivered by their quartz counterparts. Titanium is known for getting a great taste with the ability to deliver huge hits. Titanium alloys vary from pen to pen.

Play It Safe with Vape Pen Attachments


Vape pen attachments out there today are typically made with copper or, in the case of SOURCEvapes, with stainless steel. With copper, it’s best to err on the side of caution. While the material is effective, copper heated to over 1000˚F can also exude fumes that may cause metal fume fever. Many vaporizers won’t reach these temperatures, but some low-quality atomizers burn concentrates in order to achieve the densest possible vapor clouds, and may reach these temperatures in the process.

Stainless steel vape pen attachments comprise a smaller part of the market at this point. While atomizers powered by standard e-cigarette batteries might not reach over 1000˚F, these days many vape pen users are throwing their attachments on box mod batteries not originally intended to be used with copper attachments. Thus, users are better off with attachments made from stainless steel – better to be safe than sorry.

Best Practices When Shopping for High-Quality Vaporizers


When hunting for a new vaporizer product, keep the following do’s and don’ts in mind:

  • Don’t buy the cheapest pens on the market; in an industry where standards and regulations are still being hammered out, you’re likely to get what you pay for.
  • Don’t buy vaporizers or eRigs made with Teflon.
  • Don’t buy from any vendor that refuses to provide composition test results.
  • Do buy Grades 1 and 2 titanium.
  • Do ask vendors to provide the results of a composition test from an independent testing laboratory for their materials.

For high-quality vaporizers with test results provided, visit the SOURCEvapes website.

Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

Top 10 Cannabis Strains on Leafly and the Best Vapes for Each

This article is sponsored by VaporNation – Your Online Vaporizer Superstore. Save 15% off your entire order at VaporNation with coupon code LEAFLY at checkout.

Whether you’re a casual consumer or consider yourself a connoisseur, there’s never been a better time to be a cannabis enthusiast. Leafly currently has over 2,000 cannabis strains in its database, up from 779 since 2014, and thanks to growers taking serious control over genetics, there’s a virtually endless variety of indicas, sativas, and hybrids to be found, with new buds cropping up all the time.

One could dedicate their entire life to a quest for the dankest, but choosing a single strain as the best would be a very subjective decision, and at the end of the day, individual opinions are as unique as the strains themselves. Instead, the adventure lies in profiling each unique flavor, from popular hybrids like Girl Scout Cookies to Chem Dog’s classic Sour Diesel sativa.

We decided to explore 10 of the most popular strains (in both flower and concentrate form) listed on Leafly and paired them with an arsenal of 10 high-performing portable and desktop vaporizers. Since the flavor characteristics of herb quickly diminish when smoking, we tested them by vaping at each vaporizer’s lower temperature ranges so a full spectrum of flavor could be extracted from each bud.


DaVinci, the company behind the Ascent, understands the relationship between high-quality materials and vapor quality, utilizing a retractable glass-on-glass air path—essentially two internal glass sleeves sliding snugly into one another. That, paired with a glass-lined ceramic heating chamber, means your cannabis only comes into contact with inert materials that won’t adulterate flavor. This highlights the notes of blueberry and all-around sweetness of the sativa-dominant hybrid Blue Dream, whether in flower or in concentrate form.

The other key to the Ascent’s pure vaporization is in its precise temperature control feature, which runs up to 450˚F. Temperature settings can be toggled in real time while you’re vaping, letting you find a temp that’s ideal for your herb. Using this sweet science, you’ll find the taste of Blue Dream is reminiscent of a berry lollipop when vaping below 350°.

Visit DaVinci website: http://www.davincivaporizer.com/


A coil-less atomizer design and four temperature options make each sleek, handmade KandyPens Gravity a powerhouse for vaping concentrates. The pen’s ceramic surface keeps material from ever making contact with a heating element, producing delectable vapor clouds.

With the Gravity, the flavors of a Sour Diesel rosin seem to melt on your palate with each draw. Sour D is one of the most widely vaped strains for a reason, with its distinct aroma of lemon and high-octane fuel energizing the consumer. To get even more out of this intoxicating herb, you can switch out the Gravity’s ceramic plate atomizer for the dual quartz rod atomizer that comes with it. This amplifies the concentrate’s powerful taste in shorter, but more poignant, puffs.

Visit KandyPens website: http://kandypens.com/

3. Girl Scout Cookies + Firefly 2


In addition to temperature, the length of time your cannabis is heated affects its flavor. The Firefly 2 is capable of vaporizing flower within five seconds, allowing for “flash vaporization” of the terpenes responsible for cannabis aromatics. By just briefly holding the Firefly 2’s innovative touch sensors, you can avoid overheating your herb and taste what you’ve been missing in conduction vapes and pipe hits.

The convection design and glass bowl and air path of the Firefly 2 let you truly taste the pungent, earthy sugariness of Girl Scout Cookies. And with your device connected to the Firefly app, you can customize the flavor of GSC to suit your personal preference.

Visit Firefly website: https://www.thefirefly.com/


With precision controls and lightning-fast heat up time, the Herbalizer is often touted as a medical quality device. This desktop vape works at varying temperature levels, and by starting at the low end of the spectrum and utilizing the fan function for quick spurts of hot air, the tanginess of Green Crack’s tropical, citrusy scent can actually be tasted.

In combination with the glass steamroller attachment, the Herbalizer generates intensely flavorful, unadulterated vapor. The halogen heating element is insanely quick, zipping from cold to 380° in no more than five seconds, and soon dense clouds of GC’s sweet, mango-scented vapor come billowing up the glass shaft.

Visit Herbalizer website: https://www.herbalizer.com/


While the earliest generations of dabbers relied on blow torches and titanium nails to crudely vaporize cannabis concentrates, today SOURCEvapes sets the standard for electronic dab rigs and portable eNails that take the torch out of the equation, instead offering temperature-controlled batteries that make truly flavorful dabs a reality.

The SOURCE Nail delivered the woody profile of White Widow like a shot of flavor directly to the palate, especially when using the included quartz nail attachment. This portable, lightweight dabbing device (more compact than most e-nails) heats up quickly to produce lung-expanding hits with an earthy bouquet. As for effects, White Widow vaped with the SOURCE Nail sparked both creativity and conversation.

Visit SOURCEvapes website: https://www.sourcevapes.com/


The Magic Flight Launch Box gives you total control over the heating process, and thus over effects and flavor. Its rapid heat is produced by simply pressing a rechargeable NiMH battery into a port, which magically transforms even minuscule amounts of cannabis into substantial amounts of tasty vapor.

Filling the trench with just a fine grind of Granddaddy Purple releases a grape explosion that gets sweeter and sweeter with each breath. A quick tap of the MFLB shakes the ground herb up perfectly to prevent overheating. Granddaddy Purps’ complex berry aroma presents itself strikingly in the MFLB’s milky vapor, delivering a combination of pleasure and relaxation.

Visit Magic Flight website: https://www.magic-flight.com/

7. Island Sweet Skunk + Pulsar APX


If like your cannabis to reflect the taste of freshly sliced mango, vape Island Sweet Skunk. In combo with the APX, a lightweight portable unit from Pulsar Vaporizers, you can start your day off right with the tropical taste and invigorating qualities of this singular strain.

Equipped with five preset temperature options and an intuitive single-button interface, the APX delivers quality rips with easy operation. Waves of sweet island tanginess wash over your palate, building with mild intensity after each hit, all with just a few pushes of a button. Those flavorful puffs come thanks to the APX’s ceramic herb chamber, which ensures true vaporization unmarred by the burnt flavor combustion can bring.

Visit Pulsar website: http://www.pulsarvaporizers.com/


When it comes to wax pen vaporizers, many people contend that quartz is king. If you’ve ever used an OG Four 2.0 from #ThisThingRips, it’s easy to see why. Its lava quartz heats cleaner than other materials, preserving the flavor construct of the concentrate. The taste is clean and pure, and the depth of the chamber means you can vape a lot in one go.

The OG Four 2.0 exhibits the sweet earthiness of Master Kush crumble vividly thanks to the low temperature calibration of its atomizer. Its see-through polycarbonate heating chamber is visually enticing—you can watch a surge of vapor rush to the mouthpiece as you take a hit. Couple that with MK’s relaxing aroma, redolent of incense and citrus, and you get a full sensory experience that is mellowing and euphoric.

Visit #ThisThingRips website: http://www.thisthingrips.com/


The Vaped FOB Vaporizer’s discreet car key design blends in with everyday life so you can keep it on hand (or keychain) at all times. The unit’s power and temperature controls are smartly disguised as “lock,” “unlock,” and “trunk open” buttons, and each of six preset temperatures is indicated by its own LED-lit color.

This sneaky vape partners beautifully with a citrusy herb like Lemon Haze, whose subtle aroma is less likely to blow your cover than ultra-skunky strains. The FOB Vaporizer’s lowest temp is excellent for terpenoid vaporization, releasing a blast of Lemon Haze’s tangy notes. Cranking the heat up releases a fragrant scope of flavors ranging from light and sweet to a pungent, almost overly ripe lemon barrage. A quick vape sesh on the go leaves you feeling uplifted, energetic, and a little euphoric.

Visit Vaped website: http://www.ruvaped.com/

super-surfer-webFor an old school company like 7th Floor, it only made sense to taste test some OG Kush through the Super Surfer vaporizer. Although this desktop vape is capable of filling up balloon bags, direct draws through the whip are the way to go for full flavor.

The hot air from the ceramic heating element rushes through the OG Kush, instantly releasing a strong piney taste followed by woody notes. The Super Surfer’s forced air filtration system, which cleans the air used to heat your herb or concentrate before it even enters the unit, lends an added purity to the thick and earthy clouds of OGK.

Visit 7th Floor website: http://7thfloorvapes.com/

Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

5 Experts Weigh in on Cannabis Concentrates and How to Use Them

This article is sponsored by Firefly, a San Francisco-based technology company that specializes in the research, design, and manufacturing of vaporizer hardware.

Cannabis concentrates aren’t going anywhere. This segment of the market – which includes waxes, shatters, hash oils, rosins, tinctures, and more – is expanding at lightning speed, and may give us the most compelling vision of the future of cannabis consumption. That said, there’s still a lot we don’t know about extracts.

To tap into the knowledge that’s currently out there, we pulled together a panel of five top experts in the field to weigh in on concentrates:

We asked them to speak to a wide variety of questions regarding concentrate use, including what consumers should consider when choosing between flower and concentrates, why vaporization works well for consuming both, and whether it’s possible to approximate a full-plant experience using extracts. Here’s what they had to say.

What considerations should consumers take into account when choosing between flower and concentrates?

concentrate-firefly-7(Andres Rodriguez / Flickr Creative Commons)

Mitch Earleywine: We have markedly more data on flowers…concentrates are still new. Concentrates can get a lot more THC into the bloodstream a lot faster. If you’re supremely nauseated or in a lot of pain or about to panic, this can be a huge advantage. The flavors and aromas are detectably different but subject to personal taste.

Mark Williams: The main consideration is getting to know your body and getting to know what each does to you and being able to tease apart those effects so that you can choose something that will suit the mood that you’re trying to achieve.

Dani Green: When you’re looking for discretion, always go with concentrates. [For example,] moms and business ladies don’t want to smell like weed. If you’re at home or out at something like a music show, I would go with flower. Personally I like the cleaner, better terpene profile of concentrates, especially with the Firefly.

How do flower and concentrates differ in terms of aromas, flavors, effects, and medical benefits, especially when vaporized?

concentrate-firefly-1(Andres Rodriguez / Flickr Creative Commons)

Williams: If flower is like a glass of wine, then concentrates are more like grape juice with some distilled alcohol shot thrown in. Using a music analogy, flowers are more like vinyl records and concentrates are more like digital music: the advantage of the digital format is ease of use and the advantage of the LP format is depth of sensation.

Robert Ferguson: The aromas and flavors of concentrates do differ from the flower, but many concentrates can offer great taste and aroma as well. However, after being vaporized the smell of a concentrate is different then the smell of vaporized flower. The medicinal effects of flower tend to be more wholesome, affecting the entire body and mind, while most concentrates are felt mostly in the mind.

Green: Terpenes [are] really what it comes down to. Concentrates have a higher terpene profile, which is great if you’re looking for a specific need – for creativity or sedation or digestive aid, or if you’re going for a specific aroma and want to target limonene, linalool, myrcene, and get that entourage effect.

Can consumers recreate or approximate the whole-plant cannabis experience when vaporizing concentrates? How?


Lauren Salgado: No. [Concentrate processing techniques] alter the compounds that make up the final product (wax, shatter, distillate, etc.), therefore they cannot mimic the whole plant experience.

Williams: No, not with the current state of concentrate production. The typical CO2 extracts have a lot less fidelity than a cold-pressed rosin. Less processed concentrates like rosin are closer but also not as convenient to use because of the texture.

Ferguson: Many solvent-based extraction companies will reintegrate cannabis terpenes back into their product post-extraction to recapture the entourage effect of the flower, but in most cases some of the synergistic terpenes and cannabinoids are still absent. Hash and rosin are an excellent way to recapture the whole-plant cannabis experience. No solvents are used when producing hash or rosin so most, if not all cannabinoids and terpenes are still present in their natural ratios.

How can factors that affect vaporization be manipulated to customize a concentrate high?

concentrate-firefly-2(Andres Rodriguez / Flickr Creative Commons)

Ferguson: When vaporizing concentrates, lower temperatures (380 to 400 degrees) tend to yield the best taste and flavor while higher temps can burn up terpenes or other compounds in concentrated oils. When using a vape pen for concentrates, it is best to only activate your atomizer for about three seconds and not to exceed five seconds.

Williams: The key to getting the most from your concentrates is not to overheat them. The Firefly’s concentrate mode runs at less than half the temperature that a typical pen runs at. Since most concentrates these days have already been decarboxylated, you don’t need to heat them as much to enjoy the effects that you want.


What is Decarboxylation, and Why Does Your Cannabis Need It?

Green: [With] temperature control you can dial in to the correct temperature to customize it depending on how thick you like the [vapor…but] when you have a lot [of vapor], you’ve burned off terpenes and you won’t get a whole plant experience.

Earleywine: As with other inhalations, a range of temperatures might be required to get optimal effects. Holding a big ‘lung buster’ hit really isn’t necessary … most cannabinoids are absorbed into the blood on contact.

How do the main types of concentrates differ from one another, and do some types work better for vaporization?


Ferguson: [Concentrates] that use solvents such as CO2, ethanol, or hydrocarbons … produce a product with a high concentration of specific cannabinoids like THC or CBD (between 50 and 90% total cannabinoids). Some concentrates, like hash and rosins, use no solvents and maintain the natural ratio of cannabinoids found in flowers … These type of concentrates have an average potency of between 25 and 60% THC.

Williams: Not all concentrates want to vape at the same temperature. From Firefly, people can expect to see multiple concentrate settings in the future.

In your opinion, how is concentrate use changing as the cannabis industry evolves? What improvements or changes can consumers expect to see in the future?

concentrate-firefly-4(Andres Rodriguez / Flickr Creative Commons)

Ferguson: There are so many bright, innovative minds in the cannabis industry, constantly pondering ways to create safer, more effective medicine for the various needs of patients … Currently THC, CBD, and terpenes are the main focus of the concentrate industry, but through continued research, the benefits and potential uses of other cannabinoids and compounds like CBN and THCV [may come into play].

Earleywine: We are definitely seeing markedly better assurances that solvents are absent from the final product. I would not be surprised if we start seeing ‘light’ versions of some concentrates where there is actually more CBD and less THC in the product. I think we will have more precise pre-measured products that will allow consumers to break off products in units as small as 0.1 grams and alter their consumption accordingly.


The Many Types of Solventless Cannabis Extracts

Salgado: Single sourcing of material, and regulated lab testing … this will result in a quality increase, and a price decrease, which correlates to the sophistication of technology, lab tech advances being made, and those new processes and technology becoming more ubiquitous.

Williams: We’ll continue to see greater emphasis on CBD and other cannabinoids beyond ∆-9 THC. We’ll see higher fidelity in their representation of the whole plant experience. We’ll see a much more informed and deeper association between the temperature you use to vaporize and a specific concentrate.

Green: We were dealing with a lot of butane soup. We won’t have to worry about that in the future. We’ll see molecular isolation – using CBD-A crystalline and THC-A crystalline. We’ll be able to refine the processes and make really clean extracts and get rid of the stigma of dabbing. It’ll be more the norm. [In some places], flowers won’t even be on the market.

Lead image: Andres Rodriguez / Flickr Creative Commons

Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

Meet the PAX Era and PAX 3, the Newest PAX Vaporizers

This article is sponsored by PAX Labs. With over one million devices sold, PAX premium loose leaf and oil vaporizers apply advanced technology and intuitive design for an unforgettable vapor experience.

PAX Labs has announced the addition of two new devices joining their product portfolio this fall: the PAX Era, a streamlined extract vaporizer that works seamlessly with compatible Era Pods, and PAX 3, the latest version of the company’s signature handheld vaporizer, which has sold over one million units to date. The company also announced the release of the PAX Vapor app, which syncs with PAX 3 and PAX Era, both Bluetooth-enabled devices, and helps ensure the smartest, most customizable vapor experience possible.

Since summer of 2015, over a dozen mechanical, electrical, and test engineers with more than 40 years of collective experience in vaporizer product design have been hard at work on the newly announced releases. The compatibility of both new devices with concentrates underscores PAX’s commitment to leading the market in both loose leaf and extract vaporization, and highlights the rapid evolution of the industry since PAX first launched in 2007.

Vaporizer Innovation Driven by Research and Development


“The lifeblood of a technology company is innovation,” says Tyler Goldman, CEO of PAX Labs. “The development of the entirely new Era platform and PAX 3 device are the result of tens of millions of dollars of investment spent on R&D over the last few years.” This investment in research and development was made possible by $46.7 million in Series-C funding secured early last year, which in turn was due in large part to the runaway successes of the PAX 2 and JUUL (PAX’s e-cigarette product).

“We began working on Era and PAX 3 … following the successful launches of PAX 2 and JUUL,” says Bryan White, Vice President of Product Design for PAX Labs. “We don’t sit back and wait following our product launches – we immediately look for improvements, learnings, and new innovations we can apply to the next generation. For every product that gets to the market there are 50 ideas that didn’t work in the shop or lab.”

Inspiration comes from customers, user interviews conducted by PAX, passionate groups of consumers on places like Reddit, and especially from PAX’s engineering team members, who, as White puts it, “eat, sleep, and breathe vapor production and temp control.”

PAX Era: Ease of Use and Temperature Control


The PAX Era sets out to take on three major issues with most oil pens on the market today: fragile design, burnt flavor, and inability to customize settings. “Flavor for us is always the top priority,” says White. “[It’s] a very critical chain that starts with high-power batteries that get the oil to temp instantly, a custom alloy for our heating coils that works with our patented temperature control technology to hold the desired temperature over the entire puff, and then high temp and food safe materials to not impart any additional nasty flavors.” In concert, these factors work seamlessly together to elicit perfect vapor from extracts.

Key features of the PAX Era include:

  • Compatible with extracts in PAX Era Pods (sold separately)
  • Era Pods are filled by The Lab in CO and Bloom Farms in CA
  • Temperature-controlled polycarbonate extract pods
  • Anodized aluminum shell with bead-blasted finish
  • Instantaneous heat up
  • Full color LED interface
  • 4 temperature settings with single digit temp selection from PAX Vapor app
  • 60-minute charge time
  • 240 mAh battery
  • Bluetooth enabled; compatible with PAX Vapor app
  • Dimensions: 84 (H) x 18.3 (W) x 10.25 (D) mm
  • One-year warranty
  • Retail price: $59.99

The PAX Era will be available for purchase in California and Colorado starting September 29, 2016. 

PAX 3: Compatibility and Customization


In honing in on how best to improve the PAX 2’s already streamlined design, the PAX team zeroed in on factors including the device’s materials, firmware, heating algorithm, user experience, and vapor production. The fact that PAX controls every aspect of the design process, from hardware to software, helps keep PAX on the cutting edge of the vaporizer industry. And not only do PAX 3 vapes push the industry forward with their launch, they will continue to stay ahead of the game thanks to an ability to implement firmware updates in the future when synced with the PAX Vapor app.

The app will also allow PAX 3 users to customize features, to lock their device remotely from their phone, and to select from various modes depending on the specific vaping situation – for instance, a stealth mode, which dims the LED lights of the PAX’s screen and reduces the temperature to produce the subtlest vapor possible. “The fact that you can connect your devices, your hardware to your software to customize and personalize your experience, I think that’s really special,” says Ashley Marand, Global Marketing Manager for PAX Labs, of the PAX 3. “Besides wearable tech, I don’t have any other products that do that for me.”

Key features of the PAX 3 include:

  • Compatible with flower and concentrates
  • Haptic feedback (vibrations indicate when vapor is ready, when entering standby mode, and when the device is turned off)
  • High-polished anodized aluminum shell
  • 15-second heat up (30 seconds faster than PAX 2)
  • 4 temperature settings
  • Full-color LED interface indicating battery life, temperature, and more
  • Internal accelerometer saves energy and material
  • 3500 mAh battery (16% larger than PAX 2)
  • Double the oven power of PAX 2
  • Bluetooth enabled; compatible with PAX Vapor app
  • Dimensions: 98.5 (H) x 30.6 (W) x 21.4 (D) mm
  • 10-year warranty
  • 4 colors available (Black, Gold, Silver, limited edition Rose Gold)
  • Retail price: $274.99

The PAX 3 will be available on the PAX website and through various retailers beginning in mid-October. The PAX 2 retail price will also drop to $199.99 with the release of the PAX 3.

To learn more about the PAX Era and PAX 3 vaporizers, visit PAX Labs.

Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

5 Major Myths About Outdoor Grown Cannabis Plants

This article is sponsored by Marley Naturalthe official Bob Marley cannabis brand, which is crafted with deep respect for Bob’s legacy and belief in the positive potential of the herb to heal and inspire us. Marley Natural offers a premium line of cannabis flower, oil, accessories, and body care products that are all responsibly sourced and integrity-driven.

Before we begin dispelling some of the most common myths associated with outdoor cannabis plants, let’s confirm one factual statement: outdoor-grown cannabis differs in important ways from indoor-grown cannabis. Indoor and outdoor flower can diverge in appearance, aroma, flavor, and effects, even when comparing two clones of the same strain. That said, over the past several decades the idea that indoor flower is objectively better than outdoor flower – a misconception derived from outdoor growing practices long necessitated by federal cannabis prohibition – has proliferated.

For thousands of years, cannabis was exclusively an outdoor-grown plant, and exceptional flower was cultivated successfully under the sun in places as diverse as Afghanistan, Jamaica, Panama, and Malawi. Unfortunately, the advent of cannabis’s Schedule I classification forced growers to either adopt substandard outdoor growing conditions or move their grows indoors altogether to avoid being discovered. Outdoor-grown cannabis has been dogged ever since by negative stereotypes resulting from these growing conditions.

Yet today, as outdoor-grown cannabis comes out of the shadows in legal states and outdoor flower can again be grown in ideal conditions, it’s about time the following five myths about outdoor flower were dispelled.

Myth #1: Outdoor Growing Conditions Can’t Produce Top-Shelf Cannabis

Small cannabis (hemp, Cannabis sativa) sprout growing from soil

The idea that outdoor growers can’t produce top-shelf product is patently untrue. This myth sprouted when outdoor cannabis, vulnerable to law enforcement efforts, had to be harvested, cured, and shipped in sub-optimal circumstances to avoid discovery. Outdoor grows, more difficult to hide than their indoor counterparts, were frequently harvested early for fear of raids; the curing process was often cut similarly short; and buds were packed tightly into shipping containers or car trunks for surreptitious transport. Thus, the sad, squashed outdoor buds that made their way to end consumers earned a bad reputation.

These same constraints do not apply to legally grown flower sold by licensed producers in the cannabis industry today. With the right genetics, expertise, and attention to detail, outdoor and indoor growers alike can produce top-shelf products.

Myth #2: Outdoor-Grown Cannabis is Less Flavorful

Outdoor flower can be as terpene-rich as indoor, if not more so. Furthermore, indoor flower is incapable of demonstrating the unique aroma and flavor profiles imparted by cannabis terroir – the culmination of various factors specific to a growing location, including soil, elevation, climate, and more. With the rise of the “cannassieur,” terroir is becoming more and more important to consumers selecting flavorful top-shelf bud, and the unique nuances of flavor imparted by the earth can only be detected in outdoor-grown herb.

Myth #3: Outdoor-Grown Flower is Likely to Be Marred by Pests, Molds, and Mildews

Detail of a growing marijuana.

If you’re buying from a reputable dispensary, contamination by pests, chemicals, molds, and mildew shouldn’t concern you as it might with cannabis sold on the black market. States have developed testing requirements to avoid these issues, and many dispensaries implement their own testing on top of those rules. Oregon, for instance, requires that cannabis products are tested extensively for microbiological contaminants, solvents, and a wide range of pesticides (59 in all) before they ever approach dispensary shelves. Marley Natural, for one, ensures compliance with Oregon’s regulations through strict growing practices that avoid introducing any fertilizers, pesticides, or chemicals whatsoever to their all-natural, outdoor-grown plants throughout the cultivation process.

Myth #4: There’s Nothing Special About Outdoor-Grown Cannabis Plants

cannabis for industrial purposes

Over the centuries, cannabis as a plant evolved to work synergistically with its outdoor growing environments, and many tend strains to do best outside, especially landraces. It’s impossible for indoor grow systems to completely recreate the immensely complex ecosystems that influence outdoor-grown flower. Indoor grow lights – which also consume excessive energy as they operate – do not produce the full spectrum present in the sun’s rays, and helpful outdoor influences like fragrant coastal breezes, the insects that help control mites, and more are not present at all in indoor grows. Indeed, many argue that outdoor flower is a more “authentic” product, and some people shop exclusively for outdoor-grown.

Myth #5: Cannabis Grown Outdoors is Less Potent

marijuana plant growing outdoors

This myth stems from a time when outdoor farmers would situate grows beneath shade trees to reduce the possibility of being spotted from above during DEA flyovers. This practice reduced plants’ stature and potency, which earned outdoor-grown herb a bad rap as “ditch weed.”

Farmers growing cannabis outdoors in compliance with the law no longer need to hide their grows: as such, their plants can be exposed to full sunlight, allowing them to reach full potential in terms of stature, bud formation, and cannabinoid and terpene content. Knowing this, it’s no wonder that the availability and popularity of high-quality, sun-grown cannabis is swiftly and steadily on the rise.

Want to experience high-quality, outdoor-grown cannabis for yourself? Check out Marley Natural’s flower line, available in California and newly launched in Oregon.

Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.