Tag: sponsored article

How Canadian Licensed Producers Are Driving Medical Marijuana Research

This article is sponsored by Tilray, one of the largest and most sophisticated producers of premium medical cannabis in the world. Tilray is dedicated to providing safe, consistent, and reliable products to patients and furthering clinical research.


Cannabis research is at an important point in history: While a growing number of people have embraced the plant’s potential to produce therapeutic effects, many of its potential medical applications remain anecdotal, and its potential to treat or alleviate the symptoms of a variety of diseases remains untapped. Canada, poised to become the first G7 nation to legalize cannabis for adult use, has already positioned itself as a global leader in medical cannabis research. Now, licensed producers (LPs) across Canada are working closely with renowned research institutions all over the world to conduct some of the first large-scale clinical trials investigating the potential medical benefits of cannabis.

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LP-Driven Medical Cannabis Studies on PTSD

How Canadian Licensed Producers Are Driving Global Medical Marijuana Research | Leafly

Researchers at the University of British Columbia have partnered with Canadian LP Tilray to conduct Canada’s first-ever clinical trial examining the potential of medical cannabis as treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PTSD, which can occur after a person experiences or witnesses a life-threatening event, is reported to affect over 9% of Canadian men and women. The study will examine the efficacy of medical cannabis in managing chronic PTSD symptoms that are resistant to other treatments. Patients, including veterans, first responders, police officers, and victims of assault, will be given various potencies of medical cannabis, including strains that have varying THC/CBD ratios, to determine how these potencies and ratios affect and treat their symptoms. “We know there continues to be significant unmet need in the treatment of PTSD in Canada and around the world,” says the study’s principal investigator, clinical psychologist Zach Walsh of UBC’s Okanagan campus. “This trial will allow us to build on the anecdotal evidence supporting the potential use of medical cannabis to treat PTSD and hopefully help those who struggle with this debilitating condition.”

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Cannabis and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Large-scale studies that examine cannabis as a potential treatment for debilitating mental disorders like PTSD illustrate a shift in the public’s perception of cannabis. As quality, medical-grade cannabis becomes easier to access, scientists are finally able to study its potential applications on scales large and small. Led by Italian memory scientist Dr. Maria Morena, and in partnership with LP MedReleaf, the University of Calgary is also studying the potential of cannabis as a treatment for PTSD. In this particular study, Morena is focusing on whether cannabis can minimize the lasting impact of emotionally significant memories in the brain. While the study uses animal models and not humans, it has great potential to offer much-needed insight into cannabis’s potential to help combat the lasting effects of PTSD on the brain.

Medical Cannabis Studies on Pediatric Epilepsy and Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea

How Canadian Licensed Producers Are Driving Global Medical Marijuana Research | Leafly

Beyond PTSD, Tilray has supported The Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto (SickKids) as it studies cannabis’s role in alleviating some of the symptoms of Dravet syndrome, a rare and debilitating form of pediatric epilepsy. Again the first of its kind, this clinical trial will use liquid cannabis extracts administered orally in order to identify and document a safe starting dose and titration schedule while uncovering any potential side effects, adverse drug interactions, or changes in brain activity for children suffering from Dravet syndrome. “We need to understand the safety of this novel formulation in order to proceed with larger clinical trials which will continue to advance the scientific research and understanding of the efficacy of cannabinoid treatment,” explains Dr. Catherine Jacobson, Director of Clinical Research at Tilray. Parents have been using cannabis to help their children with Dravet syndrome for some time, and this study marks an important step towards the eventual goal of minimizing the frequent and prolonged seizures that characterize this disease.

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A clinical trial will begin in Australia this year to determine whether cannabis is a safe and tolerable form of treatment for chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV). For this study, Tilray will partner with the Government of New South Wales, the University of Sydney, and Chris O’Brien Lifehouse in hopes of finding a promising form of relief for CINV, which affects up to 80% of patients undergoing chemotherapy. “Australia has some of the most forward-thinking investigators in the field of clinical research on cannabinoids,” says Brendan Kennedy, President of Tilray Global. “We are impressed with [New South Wales’s] promotion of research to inform treatment with cannabis-derived medications in a number of diseases for which these medications are thought to be helpful.” Tilray has created a proprietary capsule containing active THC and CBD to be used in the study.

Medical Cannabis Studies on Pain from Osteoarthritis and Other Sources

How Canadian Licensed Producers Are Driving Global Medical Marijuana Research | Leafly

There are several clinical trials that have been performed in the past few years that investigate cannabis’s ability to help patients manage pain. Recently, McGill University, Dalhousie University, and Canadian LP CanniMed have partnered to study the safety and efficacy of vaporized cannabis in helping adults over 50 manage the symptoms of osteoarthritis of the knee. The trial used a variety of cannabis strains, with varying concentrations of THC and CBD. Another clinical trial aimed at studying the long-term safety of medical cannabis in patients suffering from chronic, non-cancer pain found that those who used cannabis daily for one year saw no increase in serious adverse effects compared to those patients who didn’t use cannabis. The trial, which used flower containing 12% THC from CanniMed, was the first and largest study of its kind.

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It’s Time to Treat Medical Cannabis Like Medicine

There are unique benefits to studying the effects of cannabis in different forms, and particularly with raw flower, since it contains an array of cannabinoids and terpenes which are believed to work together in what’s known as an entourage effect. While whole-plant medicine can be beneficial, its efficacy is largely dependent on the quality of the plant. The United States government has recently fallen under scrutiny for providing subpar cannabis to researchers in the US in its first-ever clinical trial of cannabis as a potential treatment for PTSD; the incident led Johns Hopkins University to pull out of the study, a major setback. In order to fully study cannabis and its potential medical applications, scientists need to access high-quality cannabis—and that’s where Canada is leading the charge.

By providing quality medical cannabis in a variety of forms, strains, and concentrations and partnering with research institutions to drive groundbreaking studies, Canadian LPs like Tilray are uniquely positioned to help Canada lead the way in global medical cannabis research. Working closely with governments and esteemed university research centers around the world, LPs are actively driving the push to make medical cannabis accessible to those who need it most, in concentrations and doses that are formulated to advance the clinical applications of cannabinoids.


Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

10 Thoughts We Had Playing the ‘Hempire’ Mobile Game While High

This article is sponsored by Hempire. Hempire, the world’s first comprehensive marijuana growing game, gives players the opportunity to build their empire, bud by bud. By producing a hundred strains, baked goodies, and cannabis extracts, players will build their empire, restore their city, battle local politics and pests, and compete against friends and foes for the greatest Hempire.


Have you ever considered building the most legendary canna-business in the world?

If you’re already working hard to get that going, perhaps some of Leafly’s Industry resources would be a good bet. But if you’d rather skip the exorbitant price tag, heavy lifting, and overall legwork and stake your claim to fame from the comfort of your own couch after a few good hits of your favorite strain, good news—that’s what Hempire is here for.

What is ‘Hempire’ All About?

Hempire Game Review | Leafly

The new mobile game, which launched worldwide on 4/20 and is free to download, was designed by British Columbia-based LBC Studios with the goal of celebrating the cannabis community with a true-to-life plot that mirrors some of the industry’s unique challenges and opportunities.

“We wanted to make a real game for the marijuana community. Something adventurous. Something great,” says Dennis Molloy, President of LBC Studios. “We’re really familiar with the industry … for many years prior to this we watched it develop and witnessed the public opinion shifting, which is when we realized that this audience deserves an outstanding game.” The team sought to fill the gap of worthy cannabis-themed mobile games with something that brought together cannabis enthusiasts and the cannabis-curious in a way that was relevant, meaningful, and most importantly, fun.

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According to the game’s description, “By producing hundreds of strains, baked goodies, and extracts, you will provide for people in need, restore your crumbling neighborhood, battle political corruption, and compete against real-world friends and foes to see who can grow the most legendary canna-business.” How exactly might you do that? Hempire is story-driven, so opportunities include:

  • Using the lab to breed and discover new strains;
  • Extracting THC from your plants to craft concentrates such as shatter;
  • Customizing your grow op;
  • Selling your product through a dispensary or striking deals with other characters;
  • Investing your cash in local businesses and real estate;
  • Helping little old ladies bake brownies;
  • Competing for glory in the Hempire Cup;
  • Taking back control of your entire home city in order to be victorious.

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To get a sense of what exactly game players can expect, we signed up three Leafly volunteers to give Hempire a whirl. And since they would be surrounded by plants, buds, edibles, and concentrates of all kinds in the online world of Hempire, it seemed only fitting that we should outfit them with some cannabis to aid them in their professional journey. Unsurprisingly, the volunteers were doubly eager to participate after they found out they’d be provided with “supplies” from nearby dispensary Have a Heart.

Meet the Panelists

Hempire Game Review | Leafly

  • Name and position: Jeremiah, strain researcher
  • Name and position: Marika, e-commerce developer
  • Name and position: Fermin, software engineer

After divvying up the array of products and pre-rolls they would consume while playing, the testing team went their separate ways to get into the game. For a picture of what gameplay is like, check out their observations and highdeas below, shared after several hours each spent building their Hempires.

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  1. You know it’s going to be good when Snoop kicks things off. “Opening Hempire, I immediately noticed two things: The loading bar states, ‘Rolling a joint…,’ and it is underpinned by a quote from the magnanimous Snoop Dogg: ‘I wake up early in the morning and it feels so good. Smoking on some shit that you wish you could.’” —Fermin
  2. Your character is a bit of a troublemaker. “The setup is innocent enough if you disregard the fact that your first few missions include bribing the Mayor’s Aid for a growing license with your illegally grown cannabis, getting extorted by your parole officer and his lackey, and setting up an illegal interstate drug distribution scheme. But other than that, it’s business as usual.” —Jeremiah
  3. Get ready to see some familiar faces. “Among the characters I met are some familiar faces—a bespeckled old science teacher who lives in an RV, a dealer who resembles a famous gonzo journalist—along with the usual suspects: the fuzz (an attractive, no-nonsense female cop just waiting for you to slip up), the government (via the mayor’s aid), and the incumbent competition (who warn you not to get too big for your britches).” —Fermin
  4. Best part while high? “The most fun while high was the grow process, from watering and using soil to trimming the bud itself—I was a growing machine! I also enjoyed selling to people, it was interesting to see what kind of bud was requested and I imagined what it would be like to sell cannabis IRL.” —Marika
  5. There’s something subliminally satisfying about digital gardening. “I’m given a batch of Afghani seeds and a pot of soil. Amazingly, the buds grow in mere seconds. I wag my finger over the plant and the clippers make a deeply satisfying sound as the colas tumble into my inventory. I feel a deep and yearning need to hear that sound again, and again, and again.” —Fermin
  6. You’re going to have to do some thinking. “Hempire challenges a cannabis consumer’s perception and management of time as they water, harvest, refine, and sell their cannabis and cannabis-infused wares throughout the city.” —Jeremiah
  7. You might actually learn something about growing… “Over the next hour I grow more plants. I get another two pots, learn to water regularly to increase my yield, and also install lights. I breed a new strain and diversify my offerings. The Flo I smoked is coursing through my body, into my thoughts, driving me to create a flow of digital buds to expand my Hempire.” —Fermin
  8. …or about strains. “One educational feature is the small descriptions on the strain information card that can be accessed after planting. This one to two sentence description elucidates some practical uses for the strain which players can use to inform future cannabis purchases.” —Jeremiah
  9. Don’t spend your gems all in one place. “I accomplished having a good time, growing some dank plants, and also spending all my gems on something I didn’t actually want … lol.” —Marika
  10. The right cannabis truly kicks it up a notch. “Flo OG…so good. I wish I still had some. It made me really good at that game.” —Fermin

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Our Conclusion

Hempire Game Review | Leafly

We played Hempire. Should you play Hempire, too?

Let’s put it this way: One panelist became a Level 10 grower in the space of three days, reached a net worth of $10,000, and dipped out after becoming one of the three top-ranked players on their friends-list leaderboard.

The other two panelists? They’re still playing.

Want to check out Hempire? Download it through the App Store or Google Play here.


Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

Register Today for the Cannabis Health Summit

This article is sponsored by Green Flower Media. Green Flower’s mission is to help you learn everything about cannabis today by working with the world’s top cannabis experts to create easy-to-understand courses, classes, videos, and more!


It can be very confusing stepping into the world of cannabis as medicine. The plant and its benefits are extremely nuanced, the experience is truly unique for every individual, and on top of that we’re learning about new applications for cannabis every day.

To help you gain a better understanding, the team at Green Flower is bringing back the Cannabis Health Summit for 2017. This virtual, live-streaming event is presented online from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. (PST) on May 6 and 7, and gives you a chance to learn everything you want to know about cannabis and health from some of the world’s top cannabis experts.

Presented like the TEDtalks for cannabis, the Cannabis Health Summit is a free two-day event that will give you expert guidance from some of the industry’s top authorities on a variety of cannabis topics. Session themes range from discussions like “What’s Exciting About Modern Cannabis Today” with Steve DeAngelo of Harborside Health Center to “The Incredible History of Medical Cannabis” with Dr. David Bearman MD and everything in between.

The Cannabis Health Summit is an exciting presentation designed to share knowledge. Attending the summit is as easy as registering today and tuning into the live-stream event here on Leafly. By registering you’ll gain access to a personal library of cannabis resources to access any time you want that will help you navigate the world of medicinal cannabis.

This year’s speakers include:

  • Steve DeAngelo – What’s Exciting About Modern Cannabis Today
  • Jeffrey Raber – Understanding the Chemical Compounds in Cannabis
  • Dr Allan Frankel MD – How to Legitimize Cannabis as Medicine
  • Paul Armentano – Is Cannabis Safe? Here’s What the Research Says
  • Eugene Monroe, Eben Britton, Bas Rutten – Why Cannabis for Athletes Is a Big Deal
  • Andy Williams – Cannabis Research: Past, Present, and Future
  • Dr. Dustin Sulak – How to Use Cannabis Without Impairment
  • Cotyln Turner – This 17-Year Old Boy Cured His Crohn’s With Cannabis
  • Muffy Montemayor – The Pluses and Minuses of Each Delivery Method
  • Dr. David Bearman MD – The Incredible History of Medical Cannabis
  • Mel Frank, Kyle Kushman, Patrick Murphey – How to Grow the Highest-Quality Clean Cannabis
  • Gay Hendricks – How This NYT Bestselling Author Creates on Cannabis
  • Gary Richter and Rob Silver – Cannabis for Pets
  • Maya Elisabeth, Dahlia Mertens, Didi Davis – Everything You Need to Know About Cannabis Topicals
  • Mara Gordon – How to Find Your Ideal Dose When Self-Medicating
  • Chris Boucher, Morris Beegle, Ari Sherman,– The Game-Changing Potential of Hemp
  • Jeff The 420 Chef – How to Make Light-Tasting Canna-Butter
  • Alison Ettel, David Hargett, Mike Clemmons – Understanding Cannabis Extraction Methods and Concentrates
  • Samantha Miller, Ben Cassiday – Terpenes: Unlock the Hidden Potential of Cannabis
  • Robyn Lawrence – How to Manage Your Dose When Cooking With Cannabis
  • Dr Malik Burnett M.D. – How Your Endocannabinoid System Interacts With Cannabis
  • Josh Wurzer – Why the Same Strain Can Impact People Differently
  • Joel Stanley, Tim Gordon – How CBD Will Change the World
  • Dr. Janice Knox MD, Dr. Jessica Knox MD, Dr. Rachel Knox MD – This Family of Cannabis MD’s Will Answer Your Cannabis Questions
  • Dr Genester Wilson King – Why Our Aging Population Is Turning to Cannabis
  • And more!

(Note: Speakers and topics may be subject to change.)

Register for the Cannabis Health Summit today!

Once you are registered, come right back here at 9 a.m. (PST) on Saturday, May 6th to stream the event live, right here on Leafly.


Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

Benefits of Humidity Level Control for Cannabis

This article is sponsored by Integra by Desiccare. Integra™ by Desiccare manufactures a complete line of humidity control products for the cannabis industry.  Whether you’re drying, curing, storing, or preserving edibles, they have the solution to keep the freshness, potency, taste, and overall quality of your product. 


If your only experience with cannabis has been purchasing it from a store, you might not realize how much care goes into its production. From selecting genetics and creating an ideal grow space through feeding and harvest, countless hours are invested in creating a quality product. Beyond that, two critical steps can make or break a harvest: curing and storage.

In general, the largest factor impacting curing and storage of cannabis is humidity. Humidity is often measured using the term “relative humidity” (RH% for short), which represents how much moisture is in the air surrounding the product. So how do skilled cultivators go about controlling humidity in these two critical steps, and why is it so important?

How Humidity Affects Cannabis During the Curing Process

For those unfamiliar with the process of growing cannabis, curing refers to the delicate process by which cannabis buds are slowly dried to remove moisture while retaining important compounds like terpenes and cannabinoids.

While curing cannabis, maintaining an appropriate RH percentage is required. If the RH% is too high, it will cause the cannabis to mold and become unsafe for consumption. On the other hand, if the RH% is too low, the cannabis will dry too quickly which makes for a harsh and unenjoyable product.

But if the RH% is just right, the product will thrive in the following ways:

THC Production

Once cannabis is harvested, chemical changes can still take place that will change the chemical composition of the final product. For example, a compound known as THCA will slowly convert to THC over time, due to physical processes. Slowly curing cannabis will allow more THCA to convert to THC (although heat exposure from a lighter or vaporizer will be where the bulk of the THCA gets converted to THC).

Chlorophyll Breakdown

Chlorophyll is essential to photosynthesis, the process by which cannabis converts light into energy. It’s also what gives plants their green pigment. Unfortunately, it’s also what gives improperly cured cannabis its harsh smoke. When curing cannabis, chlorophyll is broken down and released from the buds.

Terpene Preservation

Aromatic oils called terpenes are what give plants their specific aromas. While cannabis dries and cures, some terpenes will naturally break down. However, by drying and curing slowly and properly, terpenes can be better preserved to create a product that not only provides better flavor, but a more nuanced high as well.

Moisture Removal

When cannabis is curing, your product should already feel sufficiently dry. However, moisture still exists in stems and centers of the buds. By curing the buds properly, you allow this moisture to seep out slowly. This helps create the desired dryness, resulting in a quality product that can be stored for extended periods.

The curing process is what’s largely responsible for separating good cannabis from exceptional cannabis. Once the cannabis reaches its peak potential through a long healthy cure, it is then necessary to hold onto these qualities in storage. Again, humidity largely dictates how well the product will last. Stored cannabis can go from great to awful if you let humidity fluctuate. Too much humidity and the cannabis will remoisten and make for an unpleasant smoke. Worse yet, the buds may mold.

On the other hand, if you allow humidity to drop, the cannabis will become dry and brittle which causes trichomes to break off, buds to crumble, and the smoke to become harsh. Additionally, fluctuations in either direction will break down terpenes, causing the cannabis to lose its flavor. This is why it’s important to protect your cannabis in storage by maintaining an ideal RH%.

How to Ensure Safe Cannabis Humidity Levels

cannabis-mold-1

The best way to maintain a controlled RH% is to use a product that can do just that. In combination with an airtight container, humidity regulators such as Integra Boost packets ensure your product maintains a specific relative humidity. Integra’s Boost packets can either maintain a 62% RH or a 55% RH, depending on your preference and needs.

Both styles of humidity regulators are able to keep cannabis safe from mold during the curing process, while allowing the cure to bring out the full potential of the harvested buds. After curing, the packets can then ensure that the buds hold onto the qualities that create an enjoyable smell, flavor, and smoke. If cannabis is properly cured and stored, it can keep its quality for over a year depending on your climate and the strain.

It takes a lot of time and money to create a quality bud. However, after harvest, it is relatively inexpensive and requires few tools to ensure the cannabis is brought to its full potential. Investing in humidity regulators is just one easy way to put your mind at ease.


Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

Are High-End Vapes Worth the Expensive Price Tag?

This article is sponsored by DaVinci Vaporizer. DaVinci is a Las Vegas-based consumer technology company committed to delivering consciousness everywhere. DaVinci has consistently brought the most advanced portable vaporizers from mind to market.


Where we’ve all seen these several-hundred-dollar vaporizers hitting the market over the last few years, we often find ourselves asking the question: What’s so cool about these machines to justify such high price points? Is the cost of getting high raised when technology and innovation are applied?

If you narrow down your focus on premium herb vaporizers, you’ll find a highly competitive market. We took a look at the current market leaders and reviewed what they have to offer, fully digesting the results. Then we narrowed the best means of judging whether a vaporizer is worth the cost down to three important criteria.

Internal and External Vaporizer Materials

Is a High-End Marijuana Vaporizer Worth the Price?

There are plenty of cheap vaporizers out there, mostly comprised of plastic and silicone components. You get what you pay for with these toy-like vapes — most importantly, your expensive herb or concentrate starts to taste like it came out of a stapler after a few uses. On the flip side, your top-of-the-line vaporizer manufacturers spare no expense when it comes to selecting premium materials for internal and external componentry, which is why they cost more.

For external components, you’ll find a variety of materials used to serve different purposes. Vaporizers such as the DAVINCI IQ or the Pax 2 use anodized aluminum exteriors, which lend a sleek, cool-to-the-touch finish that’s hard to beat. Not only does this external material selection look and feel amazing, you don’t have to worry about your vaporizer melting or exuding unsafe chemicals when it reaches top temperatures around 430˚F.

The Herbalizer desktop vaporizer, for another example, is primarily comprised of a high-temperature-resistant plastic called polyetheretherketone, or PEEK.  With vaporization temperatures climbing upwards of 445˚F, this type of plastic does not off-gas, and isn’t in danger of melting. It’s actually the same stuff that NASA uses in spaceships — which is part of the reason for the $599 price tag.

The inside of a vaporizer is a vessel to help produce the perfect flavor from your flower or concentrate of choice. DaVinci uses zirconia ceramic in the vapor path in its most recent offering, the DAVINCI IQ. A highly regarded ceramic, zirconia has a high resistance and low K factor (meaning it’s insulative) which ensures that hits are smooth and cool. Zirconia ceramic has been approved as safe by the FDA, and is currently used in a variety of other high-quality products including dentures.

Materials that are sometimes used in place of ceramic for internal vaporizer heating components are stainless steel, aluminum, and even brass. Brass, for one, has been found to be toxic. Stainless steel heats up quickly, yet also loses heat more quickly, making temperature control difficult. Many also dislike the flavor that comes from stainless steel. For those seeking maximum flavor and control, ceramic is generally the way to go.

Vape Features & Functionality

Is a High-End Marijuana Vaporizer Worth the Price?

Temperature control is currently one of the most popular features of high-end vapes. From being able to craft your own high to targeting certain cannabinoids for specific ailments, this is a key capability offered by many vaporizer brands. Many of the latest portable vaporizers to hit the market provide a sophisticated display for communication to the user, preset algorithms for a tailored experience, and mobile app integrations that take it all to a whole new level of control and sophistication. That said, it takes a lot of work to get it right, and many cheap vapes that advertise temperature control can’t ensure the precision achieved by the research and development that goes into premium brands’ products.

In 2012, DaVinci Vaporizer was one of the first to offer a pocket-friendly vaporizer with precision temperature control manipulated through a digital interface. In 2015, the Crafty vaporizer (priced at $385) added the first vaporizer app. Since then, other premium device providers such as Firefly, Vapium, DaVinci, and Pax have all integrated apps that enhance functionality and allow the user to further customize their experience.

At the premium level, users expect these additional bells and whistles, but it’s important to note that things like temperature-control apps aren’t cheap to build. Generally costing about $100,000 to create, you can expect them to drive up the price of a device at checkout.

Vaporizer Warranty

Is a High-End Marijuana Vaporizer Worth the Price?

If there’s one thing a company should always provide for its customers, it’s backing their own product with a solid warranty. The value that comes with premium materials, modern features, and dependable functionality is close to priceless, but it’s worth a lot less if you can’t count on your vaporizer to stay that way. Cheap knockoffs come with no warranty, whereas low- to mid-range vapes offer one to two years’ warranty and virtually zero support. A premium brand, however, has invested time and energy into ensuring that you, the customer, will be offered support when and if you need it. Both Pax and DaVinci take the cake here with 10-year warranties on their latest devices.

The bottom line in considering a high-end vaporizer is that it really comes down to what you are looking for in terms of materials, functionality, and dependability. If you’re looking for all three, time has proven again and again that with buying electronics, you really do get what you pay for. In terms of high-end vaporizers, the price tag is not only justified based on cost of materials, cost of innovation, and cost of providing support — for most customers, it’s also worth it.


Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

How to Prevent Mold While Storing Cannabis

This article is sponsored by Integra by Desiccare. Integra™ by Desiccare manufactures a complete line of humidity control products for the cannabis industry.  Whether you’re drying, curing, storing, or preserving edibles, they have the solution to keep the freshness, potency, taste, and overall quality of your product. 


Cannabis storage has come a long way since the days of plastic bags. But even with improved packaging, freshness is not the only thing that should concern you. Mold, which can develop in storage, not only threatens the health of your cannabis — it can threaten your health as well. What are the dangers of moldy cannabis, and how can you keep your products free of mold completely?

Causes of Cannabis Mold During Storage

Marijuana Bud Clippings Harvested From the Plant Commercial Grow Operation

When cannabis is taken from the curing room, it is generally free from mold as long as the producer has taken the necessary precautions in preventing it. At this point, however, the cannabis will be transferred to containers and this is when it can be exposed to higher humidity levels. This exposure to humidity will persist for the life of your product as you continually open and close the product’s container. This will also put your product at risk of mold.

There are two types of mold you hear about when discussing impacts to consumer’s health. The first, more commonly found while your cannabis is in production, is known as “bud rot” or Botrytis cinerea. The second is Aspergillus.

  • Botrytis cinerea is known for its destruction of the cannabis plant itself. It works from the stem outwards, starting as grayish-white wisps that eventually kill the bud, turning a dense cola into squishy, moist plant matter. Bud rot is only found on the plants and is most common in dense colas that receive little airflow and can retain moisture. It cannot develop on cannabis plants after they have been harvested.
  • Aspergillus is a very common mold that can be found on more than just the buds of the plant. When found in high concentrations in the air, Aspergillus spores can wreak havoc on those with damaged lungs or weakened immune systems. It is commonly found in soil or anywhere with a high moisture content, including the buds of a cannabis plant. Unlike bud rot, Aspergillus can affect cannabis plants during storage.

Mold’s Effects on Cannabis and Human Health

Tired business woman at workplace in office

When your cannabis is exposed to mold, it is rendered useless. Smoking a cannabis product with mold can cause serious harm to the consumer, especially if they have a compromised immune system. As cannabis pushes forward as a medical product, the concern surrounding mold and contaminants is of utmost importance. Cannabis with mold should be discarded in its entirety to protect consumer health.

Cannabis with high levels of Aspergillus can result in harmful infections. High concentrations can lead to the development of an aspergilloma, which can cause symptoms ranging from a basic cough to severe fatigue and hemoptysis. To those with weakened immune systems, Aspergillus exposure can turn into invasive pulmonary aspergillosis, which can spread to other parts of the body besides the lungs, and is capable of resulting in death if not treated properly.

Cannabis with bud rot also contains spores that can cause damage to your lungs, yet bud rot is not associated with risks as severe as Aspergillus.

Preventing Mold when Storing Cannabis

Marijuana

The best way to prevent mold while storing cannabis is to provide a consistent dry environment for your product. For most consumers, air-tight “nug jugs” are a sufficient option. However, as discussed previously, continued exposure to humid outside air can lead to mold development.

You can guarantee your product is stored safely is through the use of a humidity packet. Integra produces Boost packets in two different forms for this purpose: One packet ensures 62% relative humidity (RH) while the other ensures 55% RH. You can select a packet based off personal preference when it comes to how dry you want your product, but both will keep your cannabis protected from higher humidity levels that can result in mold growth. Additionally, the packets have indicator strips that will inform you when the packets need to be replaced to further guarantee that the quality of your cannabis is protected.


Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

How to Prevent Mold on Cannabis While Curing

This article is sponsored by Integra by Desiccare. Integra™ by Desiccare manufactures a complete line of humidity control products for the cannabis industry.  Whether you’re drying, curing, storing, or preserving edibles, they have the solution to keep the freshness, potency, taste, and overall quality of your product. 


Harvesting healthy, strong-smelling cannabis is a wondrous experience. As every branch is taken off the plant, you notice the subtleties between colas. Density, structure, and color amongst other traits stand out as your relationship with the plants deepens in this final stretch. All that’s left to do is to trim, dry, and cure the buds – but there’s a lot that can go wrong in these last steps if you aren’t prepared.

Farmers dry and then cure the plant slowly to bring out the best qualities of their buds. Unfortunately, this means the fresh plant will spend a lengthy amount of time in a climate where mold can quickly take over and ruin your harvest. Let’s take a closer look at the types of mold that can affect your plants during this time.

What Is Bud Rot?

How to Prevent Mold on Marijuana Plants While Curing

The common name for the mold that will develop in humid climates is known as “bud rot” or Botrytis cinerea. This mold can develop while the plant is living, drying, or curing. Because it develops at the stem and spreads outward, it can be difficult to detect without closely inspecting your buds.

When first developing, the mold will appear wispy and grayish-white in color. Removing infected areas early on can potentially save the rest of the cola, however, by the time the mold reaches the surface the entire cola might be ruined.

The infection on the surface compared to the inside of the bud can be compared to an iceberg above and below the surface. Once the mold reaches the surface, the damage inside the bud is exponentially worse. A bud infected with bud rot will become gooey and lose its structure; the firm qualities of a dense flower will be replaced by malleable plant matter that feels wet and slimy. Once the mold begins to grow, it can also release additional spores and infect other buds that are drying.

Preventing Mold While Drying and Curing Cannabis

How to Prevent Mold on Marijuana Plants While Curing

It is impossible to prevent mold spores from traveling into your curing space. Mold spores have been found everywhere, from the desert to Antarctica to the International Space Station. But just because the spores are everywhere doesn’t mean that specific types of mold will actually grow everywhere. Like other living things, molds have requirements that dictate where they will grow. This is where we as growers can protect our cannabis while curing.

The cannabis should be fully trimmed before it enters the curing phase. Buds should appear how you want them to appear when they will be consumed, which includes clipping them down to their desired size and removing excess stems. The cannabis should not crumble when squeezed nor feel moist to the touch, and the stems should snap when bent.

At this point, the cannabis can be put into jars or airtight totes to begin the curing phase. Once inside these containers, moisture from the stems and buds will seep into the air and the rest of the buds. This moisture being released removes impurities from the buds, but also it is what puts buds at risk for mold during curing. From here there are a number of ways to protect your product from molding as the curing process begins.

Products and Methods to Prevent Cannabis Mold

How to Prevent Mold on Marijuana Plants While Curing

The first method involves using two-way humidity regulator packets. Integra Boost packets are a commonly used brand in the industry, and will maintain either 62% relative humidity (RH) or 55% RH, depending on the type you order. These packets can be found online or in local grow shops and will cover most the groundwork required for curing cannabis.

Using the 62% RH packet will keep cannabis from either drying out or molding as it slowly cures. Then, as the curing process moves forward, you can move to the 55% RH packets to further dry your product if desired. The Integra packets come with replacement indicators which will show you when you need to replace them, as opposed to using a hygrometer to measure the RH. The packets can be used for weeks or months depending on the climate and the moisture of the buds placed in the curing containers.

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The other method involves opening the curing containers and letting humid air out. This is known as “burping.” It typically is done two to four times per day as the cannabis cures initially and is necessary less frequently as the RH percent drops. This method requires daily attention to detail and opens up a large amount of room for error, since it’s done by hand. Also, if you live somewhere with high humidity levels, burping the containers might actually be letting in air that has too high of a RH, which can cause your buds to remoisten.

Curing the cannabis you’ve grown is the last step before you get to enjoy your hard work. However pretty, smelly, and sticky your buds look when they are finished in the drying room, putting them through a quality curing process will always improve the product. One of the best things about growing your own cannabis is controlling this curing process; many large companies, by comparison, are hard-pressed on deadlines and do not have time to let their cannabis cure to its fullest potential. So take the time, invest in products that will ensure the best possible end product, and enjoy!


Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

Maximizing CBD’s Effects and Benefits: 5 Experts Weigh In

This article is sponsored by Firefly, a San Francisco-based technology company that specializes in the research, design, and manufacturing of vaporizer hardware.


Is CBD the magic cannabis molecule, or a misleading fad? There’s certainly a major trend toward CBD-only products on the cannabis market, and a push in some states leery of medical marijuana to legalize only one or two cannabinoids. Yet many are fighting back against this approach.  That’s because there’s an interactive synergy between cannabis compounds, known as the entourage effect, and many benefits attributed broadly to cannabis can only be unlocked through “whole plant medicine” – that is, with THC, CBD, terpenes, and other cannabinoids working together in sync.

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Whole plant medicine has been widely debated as many states consider limited legalization of cannabinoids like CBD, and the idea that the entourage effect is integral to using cannabis as medicine is increasingly accepted. In fact, some products are being designed specifically to maximize the value of whole plant medicine for the consumer. Take Firefly’s vaporizer technology, which sets out to capture all the myriad benefits of the entourage effect through dynamic convection technology. “[Firefly 2 was] truly designed around the plant…in order to deliver all the cannabinoids and terpenes in the most efficient way,” says Rachel Dugas of Firefly. Yet given the complexities of these chemical interactions, it’s still hard to pin down how exactly this maximizes the benefits of cannabis.

What the Experts Say About CBD’s Effects and Benefits

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To shed some light on the subject, we assembled a panel of five experts in different areas of the cannabis space to weigh in:

Here’s what they had to say.

What effects does CBD have on its own?

Mary Lynn Mathre: “Many – anxiolytic, anti-inflammatory, anti-seizure, neuroprotective, bone stimulant, anti-spasmodic, and more.”

Jessica Peters: “Anti-inflammatory, anti-spasmodic, anti-proliferative, analgesic, anxiolytic (anti-anxiety), neuroprotective, anti-psychotic, anti-emetic (anti-nausea) … I can technically answer what are the properties of CBD, but these properties might not pop out if THC is not present. A potential new research category that I’ve seen evidence of anecdotally are addiction-fighting properties … CBD seems to reroute those neural pathways.”

Constance Finley: “Studies have shown CBD to have a positive effect on inflammation, pain, anxiety, psychosis and spasms, but it should be noted that most of these applications are not treated with just CBD alone and in fact do require some level of THC, whose role as a phytotherapeutic compound has already been established vis-à-vis many of the same conditions. CBD acts on different receptors than THC in the body.”

Perry Solomon: “It’s been found that CBD alone can cause a feeling of calm, relaxation. CBD’s other medicinal effects stem from completely separate pathways, such as the cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB2), mu and delta opioid receptors. Taken on its own, CBD has sedative, antioxidant, anti-anxiety, and antidepressant effects on the brain, but does not create any overtly psychoactive high like THC. It’s also been shown to have change gene expression and remove beta amyloid plaque, the hallmark of Alzheimer’s, from brain cells.”

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How are these effects augmented or altered by other compounds?

Peters: “Pretty significantly. CBD being cannabis-based is what’s most crucial for these properties to exist. The range of the volume of THC in relation to CBD will feature different properties. An equal amount of THC to CBD [for example] is often the best pain reliever. Many terpenes have relationships [and] the fact that those relationships exist is becoming clearer and clearer.”

Eloise Theisen: “CBD and THC seem to work better together. They lessen each other’s side effects.”

Solomon: “THC seems to potentiate all the effects of CBD and conversely, CBD affects THC. Dr. Ethan Russo further supports this theory by demonstrating that non-cannabinoid plant components such as terpenes serve as inhibitors to THC’s intoxicating effects, thereby increasing THC’s therapeutic index. This ‘phytocannabinoid-terpenoid synergy,’ as Russo calls it, increases the potential of cannabis-based medicinal extracts to treat pain, inflammation, fungal and bacterial infections, depression, anxiety, addiction, epilepsy, and even cancer … Terpenes act on receptors and neurotransmitters; they are prone to combine with or dissolve in lipids or fats; they act as serotonin uptake inhibitors (similar to antidepressants like Prozac); they enhance norepinephrine activity (similar to tricyclic antidepressants like Elavil); they increase dopamine activity; and they augment GABA (the “downer” neurotransmitter that counters glutamate, the “upper”). However, more specific research is needed.”

Mathre: “CBD has value, but its value can be enhanced with the whole plant and we can develop more individualized medicine (specific ratios depending upon the person and the need).”

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How much more effective would you say whole-plant medicine is than CBD-only?

Peters: “Radically. Not even close. It’s as though you’re working with different substances.”

Solomon: “I think that any whole plant medicine is more effective then any CBD-only product.”

Theisen: “Whole plant medicine is the only way to go.”

Mathre: “Safer and more effective, and tolerance will develop more slowly (if at all).”

Finley: “In almost all cases…I would say whole-plant therapeutics are 100% more effective than CBD-only.”

Thoughts on those who exclude THC or other cannabis components from the realm of medicinal cannabis?

Finley: “I believe everyone should have access to all types of treatment options that could potentially benefit them, and people need to be aware that not all cannabis is created equal. CBD from hemp does not have the medicinal properties that CBD from cannabis possesses, and is frankly an inferior product.”

Mathre: “We have lawyers and politicians practicing medicine without a license – they don’t know what they are talking about. Clearly there may be some patients who need little to no THC, but the vast majority will benefit from it. Patients should have all of the options open to them and research needs to continue to help determine how to best individualize cannabis medicine.”

Peters: “It’s so extraordinarily problematic that it feels criminal to me… The wall of bureaucracy is pushing up against the wall of science.”

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What is the best way to consume cannabis to access its complete entourage of effects?

Finley: “Delivery methods vary greatly in terms of their efficiency and their effects. I heard a colleague say that smoking a joint for therapeutic effect is akin to opening your mouth in the rain to get a drink of water … Our preferred methods [are] buccal ingestion or sublingual ingestion, vaping from a vaporizer or vape pen whose hardware is safe to use with cannabis extracts, and topical for additional localized impact.”

Peters: “Certainly vaporizing flowers is one of the easiest options. I would [also] say tinctures … especially full plant and alcohol-extracted (with organic ethanol).”

Theisen: “Vaporization or tinctures of whole plants. Any sort of extraction method that isn’t going to deplete it.”

How Vaporizer Technology Can Maximize the Entourage Effect

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In the vaporizer world, dynamic convection is the process by which vapes can capture a complete range of active ingredients and flavors in cannabis flowers and full-plant concentrates. This maximizes efficiency and optimizes the benefits of the entourage effect for the consumer. As vaporizer technology continues to advance in this direction, it will become easier and easier for patients to explore the benefits of whole plant medicine for themselves, and hone in on the cannabis strains best suited to their needs.

To learn more about dynamic convection technology in the Firefly 2, please visit the sponsor’s website.


Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

Didn’t Get What You Wanted for Christmas? Treat Yourself to These Glass Deals

The 2016 holiday season has come and gone, but that doesn’t mean you’re done shopping. You still have one more VIP to shop for: yourself! We know you may not have gotten everything you wanted this past year, which is why we think it’s time for a little pampering.

Treat yourself to 20% off all glass products at EveryoneDoesIt.com. Whether you need a new bong, pipe, or dab rig, start 2017 off right with coupon code 20%OFFGLASS.

Don’t miss out – this “treatchoself” deal expires January 31st!


Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

Leafly Budtender Panel: Watch Cannabis Industry Insiders Review Popular Vape Pens

This article is sponsored by VaporNation – Your Online Vaporizer Superstore.


In our first-ever Leafly Budtender Panel, watch Darren, a product reviewer for Leafly, Randi, a budtender at Freedom Cannabis, and Taylor, a budtender for Seattle Cannabis Company, discuss the things they love most about three different vaporizer pens found on VaporNation.com.

The Pulsar APX wax vaporizer was reviewed by Taylor, who found the splash guard to be a huge positive. She also noted its small frame, which makes it easy to grab and go, as well as its convenient ready light that lets consumers know when it’s the perfect time to pull.

Pulsar APX WAX portable vaporizerThe Pulsar APX WAX portable vaporizer

Randi reviewed the Gravity vape pen from KandyPens. Her favorite things about the Gravity pen include its versatility and different heat settings, which give the consumer the choice to enhance the flavor of the cannabis strain or adjust to a heavier smoke. As with the Pulsar APX wax vaporizer, the Gravity pen is discrete and convenient.

Gravity vape pen from KandyPensThe Gravity vape pen from KandyPens

Lastly, Darren gave his take on the Launch Box by Magic Flight. He appreciated the craftsmanship that went into the design of the product while commending its simplicity. He also admired the Launch Box’s effectiveness in its ability to extend cannabis use.

Launch Box vaporizer by Magic FlightThe Launch Box vaporizer by Magic Flight


Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.