Tag: technology

TechCrunch Asks Cannabis Breathalyzer CEO ‘Why Are You Such a Narc?’

During the latest TechCrunch Disrupt event, one of the premier events for tech startups, TechCrunch Editor-At-Large Josh Constine wasted no time getting right to the point.

As he sat down to interview Mike Lynn, co-founder and CEO of Hound Labs, a startup in the process of developing the first reliable cannabis breathalyzer, Constine pulled no punches, asking, “Why are you such a narc?”

The question got a laugh from both the audience and Lynn, who then launched into an explanation of the benefits of having a reliable breathalyzer on the market.

“What we really try to do at Hound Labs is really be fair, to balance public safety and fairness because we need to have a standard,” he explained. “We don’t want people going around stoned behind the wheel, just like you can’t drive drunk.”


Should Alcohol and Cannabis Have Separate DUI Laws?

“But,” he pointed to the counterargument, “at the same time, you don’t want to start firing people or arresting people who aren’t impaired.”

Hound Labs raised $8.1 million in its latest round of funding, specifically for research related to this cannabis breathalyzer, but how does it work?

The machine is similar to an alcohol breathalyzer (and does calculate alcohol levels as well as THC), but the machine comes with single-use cartridges. When breath enters the cartridge, a chemical reaction separates THC molecules, allowing the calculation of THC levels.


Researchers Are One Step Closer to a THC Breathalyzer

The Hound Labs breathalyzer is currently only available to law enforcement agencies, a contrary point to Lynn’s vehement denial that he is, in fact, a narc. However, he is looking towards marketing the product for employers to help them recognize whether workers are actively impaired, which could save companies millions of dollars in drug tests costs.

So are cannabis breathalyzers for the best or for narcs? Truth be told, TechCrunch misspelled the word “nark” so who knows? Maybe they’re the ones to watch out for.

Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

Blockchain Company Aims to Transform Australia’s Medical Cannabis Sector

Blockchain, the technology that powers digital currencies like Bitcoin, will make a cannabis-sector debut in Australia with the help of Canadian cannabis app developer Global Cannabis. The company has announced that it will launch an Australian subsidiary called Global Cannabis Apps (Australia), and has tasked the new company with the development of blockchain software for use in the medical cannabis industry.

A blockchain, sometimes called distributed ledger technology, is distributed secure information recorded across a network of computers. Exciting, right? Surprisingly, yes. Blockchain is being seriously hyped by financial tech experts—drawing comparisons to the printing press, combustion engine, and even the internet in terms of its impact on society.

Why are people so excited about it?


PotCoin: Can the Cryptocurrency for Cannabis Live up to Its Hype?

Blockchain is the basis of cryptocurrencies like bitcoin because it uses a large peer-to-peer network to verify and record transactions, filling the “trust gap” between transacting individuals which has traditionally been bridged by a third party like a bank. By decentralizing and distributing the ledger (the record of transactions made in the currency), blockchain makes it very difficult for anyone to tamper with that record. This prevents fraud and double spending without having to pay a bank, lawyer, or other authenticator.

Proponents of the technology believe that allowing for individuals to make direct, trusted transactions will revolutionize commerce. But they also say that blockchain has many broader applications, such as verifying title in real estate, collecting taxes, or even managing health records. In the health sector, a distributed, trusted ledger could, for example, massively simplify the prescription of medicine to patients.

But critics of blockchain are skeptical, particularly when it comes to health data. One major concern is how to ensure the security of individuals’ private health records. Other critics have claimed that the technology is outrageously overhyped and has few real applications outside of cryptocurrency.


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Now blockchain will be put to the test in Australia’s emergent medical cannabis sector. An early project for Global Cannabis’ Australian arm will be a partnership with BuddingTech, a medical cannabis accelerator focused on providing better data for clinical trials in the medical cannabis industry. Collaborating with BuddingTech, Global Cannabis Australia will task a software team with the development of both a blockchain technology and a regulatory artificial intelligence technology for the medical cannabis industry.

As Australia completes legalization of medical cannabis, clinical trial data will become more and more important to Australian companies developing cannabis-based medicines. Clinical trials are not only a prerequisite for registration of a drug with Australia’s Therapeutic Goods Administration, they are also critical for building confidence in a product or company and thus attracting investment.

A distributed ledger of clinical trial data could therefore have huge potential in Australia’s fledgling cannabis industry. The software could also provide the foundation for controling and securing prescriptions of medical cannabis products, which would go a long way to addressing concerns about diversion of medical cannabis into recreational black markets.


Wait, Why Is Dennis Rodman Wearing a PotCoin Shirt?

Global Cannabis see even broader applications. CEO Brad Moore wants to build in Australia and the roll-out to other markets. “By establishing the most trusted data supply for the medical cannabis industry in one of the toughest regulatory environments, we will have a model that we can expand into other emerging medical cannabis countries,” he said.

This won’t be the first marriage between blockchain technology and cannabis. In the US, where cannabis is still technically illegal under federal law, Potcoin allows for transactions between patients and cannabis businesses in states where medical cannabis has been legalized.

Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

How Are White Tips Formed on Cannabis Buds?

When Washington state cannabis producer Vashon Velvet’s Susan Gress began using LED lights to grow cannabis, she noticed that white tips began sporadically appearing in her garden. Confused, Gress had a few visitors come to the property and take a look at her grow.

The first visitor, Bob Montoya, is a photographer who works with NW Leaf. Montoya came in with a high-powered macro lens and took images of the white tips.

“[He] came to take pictures of our grow for NW Leaf and photographed a white tip,” Gress explained. “So, I asked him, do they look damaged? ‘Oh my god,’ he replied, ‘I’ve never seen anything like it, this is trichomes on top of trichomes!’”


What Are Trichomes and Why Do They Exist on Cannabis?

The second visitor, Dr. Ethan Russo, is a renowned neurologist and psychopharmacology researcher who is heavily involved in the exploration of cannabis and its effects/benefits. When Dr. Russo visited the farm, he found both the plants and their white tips to be exceptionally healthy.

Multiple witnesses confirmed the existence of these curious white tips, but what, if anything, makes them noteworthy aside from their unique appearance?

Are White Tips an Indication of Higher Quality?

Cannabis white tips(Trevor Hennings for Leafly)

When Gress took the white tips in for testing, she was surprised by the results.

“We’ve had white tips analyzed separately from the green part of the same bud and found they have higher [concentrations of] THC and much higher terpenes than the rest of the plant,” she noted.

At this point, Vashon Velvet felt confident that this wasn’t an issue in their garden; instead, it was something to be excited about. Now the white tips are sought out by consumers where Vashon Velvet flower is sold. While cannabis connoisseurs chase down the coveted white tips, Gress began exploring how they came to exist in the first place.

What Causes White Tips to Form?

White-tipped cannabis buds in an LED lit grow room(Trevor Hennings for Leafly)

“We were shocked at the ‘white tips’ on our first crop,” said Gress. “We Googled and read that this was damaged, bleached, or burned bud. But they looked so healthy that we didn’t believe it.”

It’s unlikely that the tips are burned because the rest of the plant would show signs of being burnt as well. Leaves lower down would lose their color, shrivel up, and die, and the bud itself would just die instead of appearing white.

Some speculate that the buds are being bleached by the intensity of the light source. Many of the buds at Vashon Velvet, however, ended up producing white tips despite not being closest to the LEDs. Furthermore, LED lights are energy-efficient, so they produce next to no heat, which allows the LED fixtures to be raised and lowered without fear of burning the buds.


Just How Good Are LED Lights for Growing Cannabis?

Gress thinks the white tips are unique to LED growing, and although they don’t extend beyond the initial tips of the bud colas, they demonstrate the ability of an LED system. Since switching to an LED setup, she’s noticed other potential benefits as well, such as canopies that stretch less with shorter internodal spacing, which are traits attributed to plants receiving adequate light.

While Vashon Velvet is having a positive experience with LEDs, this lighting setup is not the industry standard at this time, mainly because of its initial cost. An LED light fixture that can replace a standard 1000 watt HID system can cost close to $2,000, whereas the HID system ranges between $200-$500. Growers who opt to invest in LED technology will eventually save money in energy, bulb replacement, and climate control, but with such a heavy upfront investment, many remain disinterested in making the switch.


Sustainable Gardening Practices for Growing Cannabis

Nevertheless, LEDs are here to stay at Vashon Velvet, who have had an overwhelmingly positive experience thus far. Gress even offered some advice to growers interested in making the switch, saying, “Don’t buy a cheap brand and expect the same results as the higher-priced lights. LEDs were developed for the pharmaceutical industry at great cost, and we get the benefit of that research.”

Depending on where growers live, they may also be able to receive rebates for the use of environmentally-friendly LEDs over HID systems to help offset the costs. As the market continues to grow for cannabis and more operations choosing to to grow indoors, it’s important to look into alternative methods for cultivation to lower the industry’s environmental footprint and move towards sustainable growing.

The constant improvement in cannabis grow technology, nutrients, genetics, and tactics has led to surprising new developments for the plant. Have you grown cannabis with white tips before, or have you consumed white-tipped bud? Share your stories in the comments!

Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

Just How Good Are LED Lights for Growing Cannabis?

Over the last decade, LED lighting has gained quite a bit of popularity among indoor cannabis growers. Though LEDs (light emitting diodes) have been around since the early 1960s, they were not able to produce the wide spectrum of color they’re now known for until later on. LEDs were also very expensive, making them an unreasonable option for grow lights compared to HID (high intensity discharge).

With today’s demand for energy-efficient lighting, however, LEDs have dropped in price and increased in quality. Now you might be wondering if LEDs are right for your indoor grow; here are some of the benefits to consider.

Browse Cannabis Grow Lights

What’s Changed in LED Light Technology

Up until the past few years, LEDs have had some major drawbacks. As the market develops for both energy-efficient lighting and lighting for cannabis cultivation, we’ve seen some major developments occur. (It’s important to note that not all LED systems are equal and that the improvements we are discussing come from the high-end products on the market.)


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1. Energy Efficiency

Up until even a few years ago, most LEDs were found to be using nearly the same amount of energy to generate light as HID lighting systems. Since then, LEDs have become extremely energy efficient, using about half the energy of HID systems.

2. Coverage

Like HID lighting, LED lighting systems used to produce hot spots. A hot spot is where the light is strongest on your canopy, causing rapid growth or stretching to occur to one part of the canopy while the outer edges received significantly less light. A good LED system can direct an even light source over the canopy, helping to avoid hot spots and dead zones and giving you an even canopy.


The Stages of Cannabis Plant Growth

3. Color Spectrum

While LEDs can offer a full spectrum of light, it’s not necessary to properly cultivate cannabis. Today’s LED systems now target the portions of the light spectrum that have proved most beneficial to cultivation, which saves energy and increases the quality of the cannabis in your garden.

Do you use LED lights in your indoor cannabis grows? Let us know what you think of them!

Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

Like Peas in a Pod: Startup Aims to Bring Co-Working to Cannabis

A Florida-based startup aims to create what it calls the first-ever “co-growing and co-working space for cannabis entrepreneurs,” aimed at providing an affordable, scalable grow space to aspiring commercial cultivators.

Slated to launch this summer, Podwerks says the company will set up shop in “urban designated zones permitting the commercial cultivation and sale of cannabis related products.” Each planned site will consist of modified steel shipping containers that have been outfitted with hydroponic grow equipment, lights, climate control, as well as stations for seedings, clones, and curing.


The Greenhouse Revolution: How Old-School Structures Are Changing Cannabis Cultivation

Office space will also be available, according to a company fact sheet, and the organizers plan to put on cannabis-focused programming to help educate members and encourage networking.

“Podwerks members can benefit from a series of series of social and professional events designed to foster collaboration and create a strong and expansive community,” according to promotional material. “Some of these events will include speaker series, investor panels and local government outreach, among others.”

The company’s website includes a video mockup of what a Podwerks location might look like:

Podwerks 360 from Podwerks on Vimeo.

In an interview with Allwork.Space, a publication about flexible workplaces, co-founders Frank Yglesias and Matt Arnett said the company’s goal is to allow individuals to “cooperate to find the best practices for the industry, find a sustainable growth method, and work alongside government institutions.”


How to Get Hired to Work in the Legal Cannabis Industry Part 2: Getting Hired as a Budtender

The first hurdle? Making sure those government institutions allow Podwerks sites to exist. As the company tells Allwork.Space, regulatory uncertainty is the company’s chief obstacle:

Our biggest challenge so far has been the uncertainty of regulation. Because we can’t control that, we are offering Podwerks as a sort of guinea pig; try this model and see how it goes. We want to build an understanding of how the entire cannabis industry works. This is what makes Podwerks so unique; it provides an opportunity for local governments to build relationships with local growers. It will also allow the government to educate new growers and it can help eliminate the black market by providing distribution oversight.

While Podwerks may be the first to offer a cooperative workspace and grow area, its use of shipping containers continues an industry trend. Other companies, such as PharmPods, have made a business of kitting out containers for growers. Advertised advantages include scalability, security, and speed to market.

While a 40-foot, fully-stocked grow container can cost upward of $40,000, a Podwerks membership is a bit more affordable. A roughly equivalent 40-foot cultivation space has a monthly price tag of $8,500.

Just getting started? Smaller spaces are cheaper. Podwerks’s lowest-tier membership option, dubbed “Grow Mini,” costs $750 per month and includes a five-square-foot cultivation space.

Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

Cannabis Oil Distillate: A Different Kind of Concentrate

A drop of distillate sits perched on the edge of a dabbing tool. Taut like a raindrop, this viscus and opaque orb glimmers as it rests within the concave folds of titanium. Encased within this golden drop of goodness is a semi-translucent, 99% pure decarboxylated and distilled tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) sap. Dollar for dollar, this morsel of oil is worth more by weight than just about any other consumable substance on the market, and for good reason: Cannabis oil distillates are arguably the future of cannabis concentrates.


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With unmatched purity and sheer versatility, distillate oils provide a clean and potent product with limitless application potential. However, understanding the refinement process by which distillates are made can be difficult, as many of the methodologies are proprietary and still in R&D or even patent-pending phases. Follow along as we review the inside scoop on how these super potent oils are processed, how easy they are to both consume and infuse with, as well as their potential in offering solutions in various niche markets within the burgeoning cannabis concentrate industry.

Distillation: A Borrowed Technology

A mature cannabis plant is known to contain hundreds of identifiable cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids, each responsible for playing a role in interacting with our endocannabinoid systems. Through what is widely referred to as “the entourage effect,” these compounds interact with one another to give us the unique experiences we desire. When it comes to creating cannabis concentrates, cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids are pulled from the vegetative material of the cannabis plant together though various extraction processes. In order to distill these compounds into their purest form, additional layers of refinement must be executed. This process is known as “fractional” or “short path distillation,” and it is known to produce single compound oils that can reach upwards of 99% purity.


Cannabis’s Entourage Effect: Why Whole Plant Medicine Matters

Fractionation and short path distillation in and of themselves are nothing new. In fact, these methods have been used for many years, both in the early days of cannabis distillation research as well as in other commercial industries alike. For example, the fragrance and essential oil industries can be credited for piloting many of the same fundamental refinement principles that we see overlapping in today’s cannabis distillate manufacturing scene. Steam distillation as well as fractionation are two common techniques that have been adopted from the botanical oil extraction markets by cannabis processors to make various oil distillates. These techniques work specifically for cannabis in the same ways they would for other botanical refinement systems ranging from fragrances to cooking oils.

How Cannabis Compounds Are Isolated to Create Distillates


In order to isolate compounds such as THC into a pure and viscous oil, there are multiple layers of refinement that must first occur. Given that THC as well as other cannabinoids and terpenes are volatile and have varying boiling points, they must first be separated from the cannabis plant via hydrocarbon or CO2 solvent-based extraction techniques. This process removes the valuable and volatile compounds from the plant itself, while many fats, lipids, and other compounds remain. This necessitates further refinement through a process called winterizationwhereby a solvent such as ethanol is used in order to remove these undesirable compounds.

Apart from winterization, isolated cannabinoids must also undergo decarboxylation, by which the compounds are heated enough to activate their medicinal potential. Finally, the material is run through a short path steam distillation or rational distillation chamber in a series of multiple passes to purify the desirable compound (typically THC or CBD) to its isolated state.


The Art of Extraction, Part 6: Experts Talk Cannabis Extracts

Molecules such as THC and CBD have higher varying boiling points. Short path distillation uses vacuum pressure, steam, and heat to manipulate boiling points so that compounds are subjected to much cooler temperatures when they pass through. Depending on the distillation process, these volatile compounds can either be fractioned individually or simultaneously for collection. Through this process, volatile compounds are separated by their molecular weight and individual boiling point, leaving less volatile and undesirable compounds behind. A distillate may be passed through this process multiple times to create an even more pure substance. What remains in a THC distillation is a clear and translucent viscous sap that resembles ultra-refined honey in consistency and hue.

Incorporating Cannabis Distillates in Products

The application and infused possibilities associated with cannabis distillates is staggering. Pure cannabinoid oils that contain little to no residual flavors or aromas are perfect for all kinds of practical applications. By breaking down cannabinoids and terpenes into their individual compound solutions, they can then be recombined into various formulas with complete control and precision, allowing processors to individualize concentrates with accuracy like never before. Furthermore, distillates can be applied many different ways, be it through oral, sublingual, or transdermal application, or even though vaporization and inhalation (e.g. dabbing). Raw distillates can even be used as-is or combined with other products to create powerfully medicinal combinations with broad applications.


Cannabis Tinctures 101: What Are They, How to Make Them, and How to Use Them

Given the sheer versatility of cannabis distillate oils, it’s no wonder this product is worth its weight in gold. Distillation may be relatively new to the current cannabis concentrate market, but rest assured that this well-developed botanical extraction technique is suited to set the paradigm for cannabis extraction and refinement. If you desire the cleanest, clearest, and by far the most potent concentrate available on the market, cannabis oil distillate may just be the prefect product for you.

Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

We’re Pretty Sure the Robot That Invented These Paint Colors Is a Stoner

A research scientist trained a neural network to concoct new paint colors, and the resulting data generated by the artificial intelligence program could double as strain names.

The post We’re Pretty Sure the Robot That Invented These Paint Colors Is a Stoner appeared first on Leafly.

Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

Full Spectrum Extracts: An Inside Look at This Hash Oil

For the hash oil aficionado, deriving value from a cannabis extract has always been a pursuit in translating the essence between a living plant and the resin itself. For extractors, the goal has been to create a product that can present a cannabis plant’s unique profile as undisturbed and preserved as possible within a resin. As extraction technology and the science behind it have pushed this pursuit forward, the achievement is now finally being realized. At the forefront of this pursuit is a hash oil product that is unrivaled in flavor and complexity: the full spectrum extract.

Think of a cannabis extract like a well-made stew. With a stew you expect to find ingredients such as the protein, potatoes, carrots, onions, and celery, as well as the more nuanced essentials like salt, pepper, and other seasonings. These components work together to create a complex and palatable experience for the discerning stew enthusiast. But what if we were to omit the lesser-recognized elements such as the seasonings, leaving behind nothing but the essentials (the “meat and potatoes” of the dish)? What remains may still look like stew; you would still be able to identify the major ingredients. However, upon tasting the stew, you’d find it would be devoid of flavor. Sure, you could still taste the carrots and onions, but without the complexity offered by the missing elements, the experience of “stew” is simply incomplete.


What Are Live Resin Cannabis Concentrates?

With extracts, it’s very much the same principle of building flavors. A complete suite of bioactive molecules can be the difference between a product that may either remind you of a generic and bland rendition of a strain or one with such depth of flavor, it can make you believe it was literally extracted from a living cannabis plant.

Why Cannabis Extracts Need a Spectrum of Components

Spectrum is the name of the game when it comes to giving cannabis extracts their character. Within living cannabis exists a suite of over 500 therapeutic bioactive compounds. This spectrum of molecules contains not only the cannabinoids and terpenes that are loved and recognized among cannabis aficionados, but also a plethora of other lesser-known but equally important elements such as flavonoids, phenolic amides, and sterols.


The Secrets of Colorful Cannabis Revealed: Here’s Why Some Strains Turn Purple

With standard extractions, oftentimes many of these lesser-known components are filtered out, leaving behind a product lacking depth and complexity. This is often the case with extracts such as shatters and waxes that are lacking in their flavor profile. Sure, these extracts contain high levels of cannabinoids (namely THC), in many cases over 70%. However, with a low percentage of bioactive compounds such as less prevalent terpenes and flavonoids, the experience becomes flat and unremarkable.

In order to achieve full spectrum in a cannabis extract, one must translate the profile of bioactive compounds that a cannabis flower contains into the extract itself without compromising on any aspect of the profile. This includes not only the same ratios of cannabinoids to terpenes and flavonoids, but also the complete suite of other lesser-known compounds while also removing unnecessary components (e.g. fats, lipids, etc.). Unlike cannabis concentrate varieties such as bubble hash, dry sift, and rosin, where fats and lipids remain, full spectrum extracts remove these elements, leaving behind only what is desired. A full spectrum extract is about preserving the natural ratios of compounds within cannabis while removing the impurities that can compromise the experience.

Where to Get Full Spectrum Extracts

If you’re looking to get your hands on some full spectrum extracts, you may have to look a bit harder as there are currently only a few companies out there with the technology to achieve such a product. For one, full spectrum extracts require an extensive scientific background to master and the refinement methodology is still very much proprietary. Hash oil products such as live resins and sugar waxes are sometimes mislabeled as full spectrum but end up falling short at creating a matching profile to the flowers they were derived from.

In order to create a full spectrum product, there are several layers of refinement that must take place. Not only must an extract require a very specific light hydrocarbon solution administered at exact temperatures, it must also undergo additional winterization and separation phases while maintaining atmospheric homeostasis throughout the process.


Cannabis Extracts: The Science Behind Cannabinoid and Terpene Extraction Methods

Extractioneering, a US-based extraction company in New England, is perhaps the pioneer of bringing connoisseur-quality full spectrum extracts to the market. With full spectrum products available in most legal states, the company has done an excellent job in educating the industry on what it means to have a truly full spectrum extract.

In January of 2016, Extractioneering introduced a new line of products to the market, including HT-FSE (High Terpene Full Spectrum Extract) and HC-FSE (High Cannabinoid Full Spectrum Extract), two full spectrum products derived from the same base formula. HT-FSE products are clear, viscous liquids that can remain stable indefinitely and contain terpene profiles often exceeding 20%. HC-FSE’s, on the other hand, contain much higher concentration of THC and therefore take on a more sugar-like consistency. Both of these products are designed to contain the full suite of available biomolecules native to the flower, and this is what makes Extractioneering’s FSE line so unique.

How to Identify Full Spectrum Extracts From Other Products

If you want know if you are truly receiving a FSE from a company claiming to offer one, simply ask for the lab tests. Full spectrum by its very nature infers that a product should have the same ratio of compounds in flower form and extract form, and there is no better proof than a lab test from an accredited analytical lab. The flip side? Not all analytical facilities are equipped with the Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectrometers required to test for the complete list of bioactive molecules within an FSE sample. These tests are often expensive as NMR machines can cost several hundred thousand dollars.


Understanding Cannabis Testing: A Guide to Cannabinoids and Terpenes

It’s important to understand that not all extracts are created equal. Truly full spectrum extracts may at the moment be difficult to come by, but rest assured that this technology will soon be the standard in cannabis extractions. If you find yourself in the presence of a retailer offering FSE, make sure to ask to see lab tests and look for visual identifiers associated with full spectrum hash oils, such as their unique viscosity, opacity, and consistency. Any proud retailer who is lucky enough to carry a hash oil with such quality will be happy to show off the stats.

Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

When Finding a 420-Friendly Mate, Are Canna-Dating Apps Better Than Mainstream?

Dating has, for the most part, evolved into a cyber-experience. No matter the location, most single adults are dating online through an app downloaded to their smartphone. Popular free apps Tinder, Bumble, and OkCupid promise connections with eligible men and women, but connections don’t always lead to successful dates. While mainstream dating app profiles divulge moderately personal information and provide search settings to narrow down the playing field to potential matches (e.g. age, sex, distance, hobbies), the one filter unavailable is “cannabis-friendly.” Users who want to make that known have to write it in their profile upfront unless they use a cannabis-specific dating app like 420 Singles, My 420Mate, or High There.

To see what it takes to meet a man I can smoke with, I tried a handful of normal and cannabis-friendly apps.

Standard Dating Apps

Standard Dating Apps

Bumble is an app that explicitly lets the women make the first move. “A win win for both genders,” it’s exactly like Tinder but the women are in charge, getting the exclusive 24-hour right to message someone they mutually connect with. In my experience, Bumble profiles seem to be more intellectual and men post better-looking photos (this could perhaps be due to an attempt to appeal to a more modern woman who doesn’t expect men to make the first move.

I matched with a man the same age as me who mentioned 420 in his profile: “surf, skate, snow, outdoors lifestyle but I am responsible and have my shit together! … Coffee 420 rarely drink.” It turns out he is a daily smoker, super fit, and very nice. After dinner on the second date, I went over his house, where we shared bongloads and kindled a friendship.


‘420’ Dating: An Interview With Molly Peckler, Cannabis Dating Website Founder


My Tinder experience wasn’t as easy. A match on Tinder with a guy five years my junior revealed a profile that read he’s into motorcycles and photography. His photos depicted him sporting a long, tailored beard while sitting in a hot rod. It took until the end of the date for our conversation to lead into marijuana. He told me he frequents local underground after-hours, so I asked if he drinks or smokes cannabis, to which he replies, “Sure,” but matter of factly. We talked about the bar scene more and I could tell he’s only a social smoker. He never suggested wanting to get high with me, although he did want to go out for drinks.

Cannabis-Focused Dating Apps

Cannabis-Focused Dating Apps
Cannabis-friendly dating apps like 420 Singles, High There, and My 420Mate, weed out any second-guessing. It’s a pool for the like-minded; there is no “on the DL.”

420 Singles

Of those three, the most user-friendly and straight up equivalent of Tinder is 420 Singles. However, just when you think people would take advantage of the freedom in their profile description, most guys write things like “Let’s party” and hold up a bag of flower with a grin, while others don’t write anything, instead uploading a photo of themselves at their laptop with a poster of Bob Marley in the background.

I searched through for weeks and found the profiles to be somewhat boring, often just one bad photo of dank nugs or a smoking blunt. Whether I was in a bustling part of town or in a smaller suburban area doing a new geographical search (30 miles was my choice setting), there were at most 15 users online. I have yet to make a connection with someone I wanted to meet in real life. The app has potential; it just needs more users to be a good place for pot smokers to meet.


The Best 420-Friendly Dating and Friend-Finder Apps

My 420Mate

Don’t waste your time downloading My 420Mate. In addition to being totally buggy, it looks archaic and is about as user-friendly as a PC from 1995. You need to manually handle the search engine every time you open the app, and I never had a very long window to effectively or successfully make any connections. The design was far from clean, and after a few weeks of trying it, I’ve hardly opened it since.

High There

High There is marketed as a global social network, but it includes the swipe interface to find a buddy via left button (“Bye There”) and a right (“High There”), so it feels like matchmaking. Its pitch is “High There connects cannabis users and enthusiasts with each other by sharing meaningful conversations and experiences without stigma.”

This one is the most fun of all the cannabis-friendly dating apps. However, the design aesthetic is bad 90s use of cheesy artsy retro style, which is probably aimed at millennials. It could use a cleaner, modern look, especially since cannabis subculture is changing with legalization.


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The user profile enables personal photos and a profile description, but it also includes three similarity settings:

  • Want to go out, stay in, or chat
  • Prefers smoking, vaporizing, edibles, or all kinds
  • Energy (my energy level when using cannabis is…) low, medium, or high

Another setting gives you six “Likes” to enable: Outdoors, Music, TV/Movies, Culture, Food, and/or Gaming. There are gender and distance filters, but not one for age, though the app does list your age. It made my request inbox for buddies interesting because I knew several were well below any age I’d want to date. But, the profile comedy makes up for everything (except the design):

  • “oh man, do I love weed. And bikes.”
  • “I’m smoking weed forever”
  • “I live by the beach, let’s smoke there.”

…I think the age filter would really help me.


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Users are upfront on profiles about what they like–dabs, edibles, and blunts, and they often add “functional stoner” in there somewhere. There is a feed called Joints where users write posts that fellow users can love, star, or comment on (users don’t have to be matched in order to interact here). A user has three inboxes: Requests, Buddies (for people you’ve matched with so chatting is enabled), and Global (which allows you to search for buddies by entering a first name in the search bar).

High There is perfect for college students, and I’ve recommended it to friends in the cannabis business because the Joints feed is filled with people showing off their grow/products and having conversations about strains. I’ve made several buddies and think there’s definitely dating potential through this app.

Since 28 of 50 US states and Washington DC have legalized the medical use of marijuana, the days of being publicly discreet about cannabis are coming to an end. Colorado and Washington paved the way, and as more adult use legislation passes across the country, cannabis-friendly dating may not be as needed. It is nice, however, to have a place where like-minds collide and the question shifts from “Do you smoke cannabis?” to “How do you like your cannabis?”

Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.

The Future of Cannabis May Lie in Terpene Isolation

Terpenes represent the aromatic building blocks of our natural world. They exist in virtually any plant that contains a fragrance, which also happens to include cannabis. It would seem natural that the pursuit of preserving the terpenes that exist within our favorite plant profiles would also translate into the cannabis extract industry. After all, cannabis has been known to carry over a hundred known terpenes that are largely responsible for creating our favorite strain flavor profiles.

Fortunately for the cannabis industry, terpene extraction is not only a reality but the next new craze in cannabis compound isolation. With a little borrowed R&D from the fragrance industry as well as the hard work and dedication of some of the cannabis industry’s finest minds, the technology and methodology responsible for terpene isolation has become both available and widely accessible to extractors within the last few years, paving the way for a whole new world of new products and applications


Terpenes: The Flavors of Cannabis Aromatherapy

Let’s take the cannabis strain Sour Diesel for example. Among the physical properties of the flower itself that help to distinguish this strain from others (color, shape, density, etc.), a consumer will identify Sour Diesel by its largely terpene-comprised complex aromatic profile. This bouquet of fragrances, which consists of robust notes of gasoline, earthiness, and limes, exists due to a combination of terpenes that were synthesized at various ratios within the plant. These include not only the more prominent terpenes such as β-myrcene, β-caryophyllene, and d-limonene, but a myriad of other lesser-known and equally less prevalent lighter terpenes as well.

Together, this exact combination of terpene ratios comprises the smell we know to be Sour Diesel. In order to recreate or reimagine this complex aroma into an isolated profile that’s the same as an essential oil fragrance or perfume, extractors must resort to process known as terpene isolation.

The First Terpene Extractors

Terpene extraction is nothing new to the fragrance world. In fact, much of what we know about terpene isolation is borrowed from this well-established industry. Kenneth Morrow, from Trichome Technologies, first attempted this practice on cannabis. He is among the elite club of innovators largely responsible for bringing cannabis-derived terpene isolation into the spotlight.


Cannabis Extracts: The Science Behind Cannabinoid and Terpene Extraction Methods

A prolific cannabis advocate and educator, Morrow’s work in cannabis research resonates in every facet of the existing industry. He claims to have stumbled upon terpene isolation while attempting to extract essential oils from large quantities of cannabis flowers using an Across International system (which supplies laboratory equipment for heat treatment and material processing). During this process, he realized that he was actually trapping terpenes and contaminating the pump oil within his system. After a bit of R&D, Morrow was able to build an attachment to capture this solution before it reached the pump oil, and he later winterized it to isolate just the terpenes. His mistake-turned-innovation would eventually develop into the foundation for today’s cannabis-derived terpene isolation movement.

Aside from Morrow, Tony Verzura of Blue River Extracts, a company specializing in terpene isolation, is another big player in the terpene isolation game. He is responsible for developing the modified vapor vacuum distillation system that is capable of extracting terpenes at considerably lower temperatures than previously practiced by using only nitrogen, oxygen, and reverse osmosis (or RO) water. Processing in the cannabis industry since 1996, Verzura and his company have revolutionized the cannabis isolation process by being the first company to ever produce a cannabis-derived plant profile extract, completely void of cannabinoids.


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Ways to Isolate and Extract Terpenes From Cannabis

The process and technology involved in terpene isolation is rather rudimentary insofar as the essential components are concerned. Furthermore, there is more than one way to isolate and extract terpenes from cannabis, each method containing its individual pros and cons. Take, for instance, steam distillation. Although this process is effective at isolating terpenes, the existence of heat and oxygen in the process can compromise the final product and alter its profile.

Other methods, such as cold trapping, utilize vacuum pumps to bring the initial heat down and preserve the volatile compounds that would have otherwise gassed off in the process. With a little nitrogen gas and distilled water, this process is relatively simple and straightforward at safely distilling the essential oil from the cannabis plant.


Infographic: What Are Cannabis Terpenes and How Do They Affect You?

The basic premise in a distillation run is to begin by passing steam through cannabis, trapping the essential oils as they gas off at their unique boiling points into a vapor, and then re-condensing them individually into a separate flask to be collected and cleaned one last time. When done correctly, and with the use of a vacuum pump, temperatures can stay low enough to avoid compromising any bioactive compounds. Again, there are several ways to isolate terpenes from cannabis, some containing proprietary and even patented systems. Nevertheless, the technology and methodology exists on the open market for any enthusiast to experiment with.

Terpene-Based Products

Today, several companies, including Blue River Terpenes, Evolab, and The Werc Shop, are all innovating in this exciting new field. Among the products offered by these innovators in cannabis-derived terpenes are two basic categories of extracts. The first is the single compound isolate containing an individual terpene concentration. In this case, terpenes prevalent in cannabis such as limonene or pinene are offered individually. Products such as these have many utilities, including the ability to be diffused into the air just as you would any other essential oil, or infused into fragrant topicals or candles.


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On the other hand, companies are also attempting to reimagine whole plant profiles by combining isolated terpenes into carefully designed ratios that imitate the profile of the strain itself. The goal is to translate the essence of a strain profile into an isolated product, allowing for endless possibilities involving infusions and reintegrations of flavor into both edible and hash oil products. It’s worth noting that this process is far from being perfected as the recreation of an exact strain profile would require precisely combining all of the aromatic bioactive compounds contained within a strain. Due the fact that terpenes are still vastly under-researched, there is no way of achieving this in our current model of legalization. Nevertheless, cannabis-derived plant profile inspirations are available on the market and have done an amazing job of offering fragrances that closely resemble their whole plant counterparts.

There is a bright future ahead for cannabis-derived isolated terpenes. As the laws prohibiting further research into cannabis extractions lift and we learn more about the exciting world of terpenes, the possibility of creating a product that represents the precise aromatic profile of a cannabis strain moves even closer towards realization. If you simply can’t wait until that day comes, rest assured; there are plenty of cannabis-derived isolated terpene products available on the market today for your enjoyment.

Thank you for visiting MDMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Maryland. Our Mission at the Maryland Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (MDMMCC) is to provide the certification necessary for qualified patients to obtain Medical Marijuana in compliance with the Maryland Medical Marijuana Laws in the State of Maryland.  MDMMCC will have offices open throughout Maryland.